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2014 28th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA) (2014)
BC, Canada
May 13, 2014 to May 16, 2014
ISBN: 978-1-4799-2652-7
pp: 378-384
ABSTRACT
In wireless sensor networks (WSNs), contention occurs when two or more nodes in a proximity simultaneously try to access the channel. The contention causes collisions, which are very likely to occur when traffic is correlated. The excessive collision not only affects the reliability and the QoS of the application, but also the lifetime of the network. It is well known that random access mechanisms do not efficiently handle correlated-contention, and therefore, suffer from high collision rate. Most of the existing TDMA scheduling techniques try to find an optimal or a sub-optimal schedule. Usually, the situation of correlated-contention persists only for a short duration, and therefore, it is not worthwhile to take a long time to generate an optimal or a sub-optimal schedule. We propose a randomized distributed TDMA scheduling (RD-TDMA) algorithm to quickly generate a feasible schedule (not necessarily optimal) to handle correlated-contention in WSNs. In RD-TDMA, a node in the network negotiates a slot with its neighbors using the message exchange mechanism. The proposed protocol has been simulated using the Castalia simulator to evaluate its runtime performance. Simulation results show that the RD-TDMA algorithm considerably reduces the time required to schedule.
INDEX TERMS
Correlated Contention, Wireless Sensor Networks, Media Access Control, TDMA slot scheduling
CITATION

A. Bhatia and R. Hansdah, "RD-TDMA: A Randomized Distributed TDMA Scheduling for Correlated Contention in WSNs," 2014 28th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA), BC, Canada, 2014, pp. 378-384.
doi:10.1109/WAINA.2014.65
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