Applications of Computer Vision, IEEE Workshop on (1996)
Dec. 2, 1996 to Dec. 4, 1996
Ruud M. Bolle , IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Jonathan H. Connell , IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Norman Haas , IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Rakesh Mohan , IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Gabriel Taubin , IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Checking out produce poses an enormous problem for grocery stores and supermarkets. Essentially, the technology of produce checkout has not changed in the last 1,000 years: the checker visually identifies the produce and weighs it to determine the price. It is a well-established fact that the produce department is a significant factor in how customers rate the quality of a store. Produce is also associated with many problems, including: 1) shrinkage [losses], 2) slow checkout, 3) checker training, 4) affixing price look-up code labels, 5) expensive packaging, 6) solid waste. Because of these problems, most grocers and supermarket chains will admit in private that they would rather not carry produce. We present an automatic produce ID system ("VeggieVision''), intended to ease the produce checkout process. The system consists of an integrated scale and imaging system with a user-friendly interface. When a produce item is placed on the scale, an image is taken. A variety of features, color, texture (shape, density), are then extracted. These features are compared to stored "signatures'' which were obtained by prior system training (either on-line or off-line). Depending on the certainty of the classification, the final decision is made either by the system or by a human from a number of choices selected by the system. Over 95\% of the time, the correct produce classification is in the top four choices.
Object Recognition, Segmentation, Color, Learning in Computer Vision, Systems and Applications.
G. Taubin, R. Mohan, R. M. Bolle, N. Haas and J. H. Connell, "VeggieVision: A Produce Recognition System," Applications of Computer Vision, IEEE Workshop on(WACV), Sarasoto, FL, 1996, pp. 244.