The Community for Technology Leaders
Virtual Reality Annual International Symposium (1993)
Seattle, WA, USA
Sept. 18, 1993 to Sept. 22, 1993
ISBN: 0-7803-1363-1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Papers

A direct 3-D shape modeling system (Abstract)

K.-I. Kameyama , Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan
K. Ohtomi , Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan
pp. 519-524

Virtual Aristotelean physics (Abstract)

K.M. Fairchild , Inst. of Syst. Sci., Nat. Singapore Univ., Singapore
T. Poston , Inst. of Syst. Sci., Nat. Singapore Univ., Singapore
pp. 512-518

A development of dynamic deforming algorithms for 3D shape modeling with generation of interactive force sensation (Abstract)

A. Ishiguro , Dept. of Inf. Electron., Nagoya Univ., Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
K. Yamamoto , Dept. of Inf. Electron., Nagoya Univ., Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
Y. Uchikawa , Dept. of Inf. Electron., Nagoya Univ., Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
pp. 505-511

A direct deformation method (Abstract)

Y. Fukui , Nat. Inst. of Biosci.&Human-Technol., Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
J. Yamashita , Nat. Inst. of Biosci.&Human-Technol., Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
pp. 499-504

A study of an operator assistant for virtual space (Abstract)

H. Takemura , ATR Commun. Syst. Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
A. Chanezon , ATR Commun. Syst. Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
Y. Kitamura , ATR Commun. Syst. Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
F. Kishino , ATR Commun. Syst. Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
pp. 492-498

Neural modeling of face animation for telecommuting in virtual reality (Abstract)

S.K. Johnson , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
A.L. Janin , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
T.P. Caudell , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 478-485

Virtual worlds as fuzzy cognitive maps (Abstract)

J.A. Dickerson , Dept. of Electr. Eng.-Syst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
B. Kosko , Dept. of Electr. Eng.-Syst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
pp. 471-477

The MR Toolkit Peers Package and experiment (Abstract)

M. Green , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Alberta Univ., Edmonton, Alta., Canada
C. Shaw , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Alberta Univ., Edmonton, Alta., Canada
pp. 463-469

Real time simulation of stiff dynamic systems via distributed memory parallel processors (Abstract)

M.C. Stanley , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA
J.E. Colgate , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA
pp. 456-462

The SIMNET virtual world architecture (Abstract)

D. Miller , LORAL Adv. Distributed Simulation, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA
P. Metzger , LORAL Adv. Distributed Simulation, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA
J. Calvin , LORAL Adv. Distributed Simulation, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA
D. Owen , LORAL Adv. Distributed Simulation, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA
B. Gaines , LORAL Adv. Distributed Simulation, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA
A. Dickens , LORAL Adv. Distributed Simulation, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 450-455

Making WAVES: On the design of architectures for low-end distributed virtual environments (Abstract)

R. Kazman , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Waterloo Univ., Ont., Canada
pp. 443-449

A method for training feed forward neural network to be fault tolerant (Abstract)

H. Elsimary , Electron. Res. Inst., Cairo, Egypt
S. Mashali , Electron. Res. Inst., Cairo, Egypt
pp. 436-441

The virtual sailor: An implementation of interactive human body modeling (Abstract)

S.D. Pieper , Thayer Sch. of Eng., Dartmouth Coll., NH, USA
D.T. Chen , Thayer Sch. of Eng., Dartmouth Coll., NH, USA
pp. 429-435

Generating autonomous dynamic behavior for computer animation: A constrained optimal control approach (Abstract)

A. Kumar , Thayer Sch. of Eng., Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH, USA
S.K. Singh , Thayer Sch. of Eng., Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH, USA
L. Shi , Thayer Sch. of Eng., Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH, USA
pp. 422-428

Realtime collision detection for virtual reality applications (Abstract)

J.-H. Youn , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci.&Technol., Taejon, South Korea
K. Wohn , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci.&Technol., Taejon, South Korea
pp. 415-421

Real-time reproduction of 3D human images in virtual space teleconferencing (Abstract)

F. Kishino , ATR Commun. Syst. Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
Y. Kitamura , ATR Commun. Syst. Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
N. Terashima , ATR Commun. Syst. Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
H. Takemura , ATR Commun. Syst. Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
J. Ohya , ATR Commun. Syst. Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
pp. 408-414

A toolkit for developing multi-user, distributed virtual environments (Abstract)

C.F. Codella , IBM T.J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
L. Koved , IBM T.J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
J.B. Lewis , IBM T.J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
R. Jalili , IBM T.J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
pp. 401-407

DIVE A multi-user virtual reality system (Abstract)

C. Carlsson , Swedish Inst. of Comput. Sci., Kista, Sweden
O. Hagsand , Swedish Inst. of Comput. Sci., Kista, Sweden
pp. 394-400

The virtual panel architecture: A 3D gesture framework (Abstract)

S.A. Su , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
pp. 387-393

A note on averaging rotations (Abstract)

A.L. Janin , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
W.D. Curtis , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
K. Zikan , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 377-385

A 1" high resolution field sequential display for head mounted applications (Abstract)

D.W. Allen , Tektronix Inc., Beaverton, OR, USA
pp. 364-370

Data complexity for virtual reality: where do all the triangles go? (Abstract)

M.F. Deering , Sun Microsystems Comput. Corp., Mountain View, CA, USA
pp. 357-363

A heterogeneous architecture for stereoscopic visualisation (Abstract)

M. Nelson , Defence Sci.&Technol. Organ., Salisbury, SA, Australia
pp. 349-355

Hyper-navigation in virtual buildings (Abstract)

J. Emhardt , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Freie Univ. Berlin, Germany
J. Semmler , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Freie Univ. Berlin, Germany
T. Strothotte , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Freie Univ. Berlin, Germany
pp. 342-348

Robotic graphics: a new approach to force feedback for virtual reality (Abstract)

W.A. McNeely , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 336-341

A 3D interface device with force feedback: a virtual work space for pick-and-place tasks (Abstract)

M. Ishii , Precision&Intelligence Lab., Tokyo Inst. of Technol., Midoriku, Yokohama, Japan
M. Sato , Precision&Intelligence Lab., Tokyo Inst. of Technol., Midoriku, Yokohama, Japan
pp. 331-335

Image generation design for ground-based network training environment (Abstract)

D. Miller , LORAL Adv. Distributed Simulation, Bellevue, WA, USA
B. Soderberg , LORAL Adv. Distributed Simulation, Bellevue, WA, USA
pp. 318-329

Image generation implications for networked tactical training systems (Abstract)

R.D. Bess , Loral Adv. Distributed Simulation, Bellevue, WA, USA
pp. 308-317

Sparcchair: A one hundred million pixel display (Abstract)

B.A. Reichlen , Sun Microsystems Lab., Inc., Chelmsford, MA, USA
pp. 300-307

An interactive graphics display architecture (Abstract)

R. Pose , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Monash Univ., Clayton, Vic., Australia
M. Regan , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Monash Univ., Clayton, Vic., Australia
pp. 293-299

Pen-based haptic virtual environment (Abstract)

H. Iwata , Inst. of Eng. Mech., Tsukuba Univ., Japan
pp. 287-292

Design of an interactive lumbar puncture simulator with tactile feedback (Abstract)

S.K. Singh , Thayer Sch. of Eng., Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH, USA
M. Bostrom , Thayer Sch. of Eng., Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH, USA
pp. 280-286

A survey of perceptual feedback issues in dexterous telemanipulation. II. Finger touch feedback (Abstract)

K.B. Shimoga , Robotics Inst., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 271-279

A survey of perceptual feedback issues in dexterous telemanipulation. I. Finger force feedback (Abstract)

K.B. Shimoga , Robotics Inst., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 263-270

Development of surface display (Abstract)

K. Hirota , Dept. of Mechano-Inf., Toyko Univ., Japan
M. Hirose , Dept. of Mechano-Inf., Toyko Univ., Japan
pp. 256-262

Calibration of head-mounted displays for augmented reality applications (Abstract)

D.W. Mizell , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
T.P. Caudell , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
A.L. Janin , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 246-255

Video see-through design for merging of real and virtual environments (Abstract)

J.P. Rolland , Dept. of Comput. Sci., North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC, USA
E.K. Edwards , Dept. of Comput. Sci., North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC, USA
K.P. Keller , Dept. of Comput. Sci., North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, NC, USA
pp. 223-233

Design of a high performance haptic interface to virtual environments (Abstract)

P.A. Millman , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA
M. Stanley , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA
J.E. Colgate , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA
pp. 216-222

Implementation of stiff virtual walls in force-reflecting interfaces (Abstract)

J.E. Colgate , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA
G. Schenkel , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA
P.E. Grafing , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA
M.C. Stanley , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA
pp. 202-208

Synthesis of 3D virtual auditory space via a spatial feature extraction and regularization model (Abstract)

B.D. Van Veen , Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI, USA
K.E. Hecox , Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI, USA
J. Chen , Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI, USA
pp. 188-193

ASPECT: audio spatial environment for communication As a three dimensional auditory interaction tool (Abstract)

T. Yonekura , Dept. of Comput.&Inf. Sci., Ibaraki, Univ., Japan
Y. Watanabe , Dept. of Comput.&Inf. Sci., Ibaraki, Univ., Japan
N. Ariyoshi , Dept. of Comput.&Inf. Sci., Ibaraki, Univ., Japan
pp. 183-187

The use of 3-D audio in a synthetic environment: an aural renderer for a distributed virtual reality system (Abstract)

S.T. Pope , DSLab, Swedish Inst. for Comput. Sci., Kista, Sweden
L.E. Fahlen , DSLab, Swedish Inst. for Comput. Sci., Kista, Sweden
pp. 176-182

Limbo champion in the low cost VR competition: the Power Glove Serial Interface (Abstract)

B. Gross , Illinois Univ., IL, USA
J. Brain , Illinois Univ., IL, USA
pp. 169-175

Touch and trace on the free-form surface of virtual object (Abstract)

Y. Adachi , Suzuki Motor Corp., Yokohama, Japan
pp. 162-168

Human performance evaluation of manipulation schemes in virtual environments (Abstract)

P. Milgram , Dept. of Ind. Eng., Toronto Univ., Ont., Canada
S. Zhai , Dept. of Ind. Eng., Toronto Univ., Ont., Canada
pp. 155-161

Visual detection of coarticulatory anticipation or...guessing what has not yet been written (Abstract)

S. Kandel , Inst. de la Commun. Parlee, Stendhal Univ., Grenoble, France
L.-J. Boe , Inst. de la Commun. Parlee, Stendhal Univ., Grenoble, France
pp. 148-154

Explorations of display interfaces for virtual reality (Abstract)

M.F. Deering , Sun Microsystems Comput. Corp., Mountain View, CA, USA
pp. 141-147

Tracking position and orientation in a large volume (Abstract)

H.A. Sowizral , Boeing Comput. Services, Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 132-139

Transmission of realistic sensation: Development of a virtual dome (Abstract)

M. Hirose , Dept. of Mechano-Inf., Tokyo Univ., Japan
S.-I. Sato , Dept. of Mechano-Inf., Tokyo Univ., Japan
K. Yokoyama , Dept. of Mechano-Inf., Tokyo Univ., Japan
pp. 125-131

A novel gestural input device for virtual reality (Abstract)

C. Maggioni , Siemens AG, Munchen, Germany
pp. 118-124

Nonlinear interactive motion control techniques for virtual space navigation (Abstract)

M. Norman , Nat. Center for Supercomput. Applications, Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL, USA
D. Song , Nat. Center for Supercomput. Applications, Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL, USA
pp. 111-117

Interactive adaptive interface using recursive fuzzy reasoning (Abstract)

F. Arai , Dept. of Mechano-Inf.&Syst., Nagoya Univ., Japan
T. Fukuda , Dept. of Mechano-Inf.&Syst., Nagoya Univ., Japan
Y. Yamamoto , Dept. of Mechano-Inf.&Syst., Nagoya Univ., Japan
pp. 104-110

Task-oriented design of virtual worlds (Abstract)

C. Stary , CD-Lab for Expert Syst., Vienna Univ. of Technol., Austria
pp. 97-103

Presence in immersive virtual environments (Abstract)

M. Usoh , Dept. of Comput. Sci., QMW Univ. of London, UK
M. Slater , Dept. of Comput. Sci., QMW Univ. of London, UK
pp. 90-96

A research testbed for virtual environment training applications (Abstract)

J.M. Moshell , Inst. for Simulation&Training, Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
B.S. Blau , Inst. for Simulation&Training, Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
pp. 83-89

Virtual fixtures: Perceptual tools for telerobotic manipulation (Abstract)

L.B. Rosenberg , Center for Design Res., Stanford Univ., CA, USA
pp. 76-82

Ground control testbed for Space Station Freedom robot manipulators (Abstract)

R.S. Askew , NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USA
pp. 69-75

Integrating virtual environments with high performance computing (Abstract)

D.A. Simoni , Northeast Parallel Archit. Center, Syracuse Univ., NY, USA
W. Furmanski , Northeast Parallel Archit. Center, Syracuse Univ., NY, USA
C. Faigle , Northeast Parallel Archit. Center, Syracuse Univ., NY, USA
G.C. Fox , Northeast Parallel Archit. Center, Syracuse Univ., NY, USA
J. Niemiec , Northeast Parallel Archit. Center, Syracuse Univ., NY, USA
pp. 62-68

A virtual world for network management (Abstract)

A. Lazar , Center for Telecommun. Res., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA
L. Crutcher , Center for Telecommun. Res., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA
M. Zhou , Center for Telecommun. Res., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA
S. Feiner , Center for Telecommun. Res., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA
pp. 55-61

The heaven and earth virtual reality: Designing applications for novice users (Abstract)

H. Ng , Inst. of Syst. Sci., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore
L. Serra , Inst. of Syst. Sci., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore
K.M. Fairchild , Inst. of Syst. Sci., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore
J. Loo , Inst. of Syst. Sci., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore
B.H. Lee , Inst. of Syst. Sci., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore
pp. 47-53

Rationale and strategy for VR standards (Abstract)

B.J. Shepherd , IBM Corp., Austin, TX, USA
pp. 41-46

Spatial perception in virtual environments: Evaluating an architectural application (Abstract)

D. Henry , Human Interface Technol. Lab., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
T. Furness , Human Interface Technol. Lab., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 33-40

The virtual windtunnel: A high-performance virtual reality application (Abstract)

S. Bryson , NASA Ames Res. Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA
pp. 20-26

The use of virtual reality at Boeing's Huntsville laboratories (Abstract)

S. Tanner , Boeing Defense&Space, Huntsville, AL, USA
pp. 14-19

Adding reality to the virtual (Abstract)

P.J. Metzger , LORAL Adv. Distributed Simulation, Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 7-13

A virtual reality application for software visualization (Abstract)

M. Okada , Comput.&Commun. Res. Center, Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc., Japan
T. Nagumo , Comput.&Commun. Res. Center, Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc., Japan
H. Amari , Comput.&Commun. Res. Center, Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc., Japan
pp. 1-6
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