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2015 IEEE 34th Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems (SRDS) (2015)
Montreal, QC, Canada
Sept. 28, 2015 to Oct. 1, 2015
ISSN: 1060-9857
ISBN: 978-1-4673-9302-7
pp: 192-201
High reliability, low space cost, and efficient read/write performance are all desirable properties for cloud storage systems. Due to the inherent conflicts, however, simultaneously achieving optimality on these properties is unrealistic. Since reliable storage is indispensable prerequisite for services with high availability, tradeoff should therefore be made between space and read/write efficiency when storage scheme is designed. N-way Replication and Erasure Coding, two extensively-used storage schemes with high reliability, adopt opposite strategies on this tradeoff issue. However, unbalanced tradeoff designs of both schemes confine their effectiveness to limited types of workloads and system requirements. To mitigate such applicability penalty, we propose MICS, a MIngling Chained Storage scheme that combines structural and functional advantages from both N-way replication and erasure coding. Qualitatively, MICS provides efficient read/write performance and high reliability at reasonably low space cost. MICS stores each object in two forms: a full copy and certain amount of erasure-coded segments. We establish dedicated read/write protocols for MICS leveraging the unique structural advantages. Moreover, MICS provides high read/write efficiency with Pipeline Random-Access Memory consistency to guarantee reasonable semantics for services users. Evaluation results demonstrate that under same fault tolerance and consistency level, MICS outperforms N-way replication and pure erasure coding in I/O throughput by up to 34.1% and 51.3% respectively. Furthermore, MICS shows superior performance stability over diverse workload conditions, in which case the standard deviation of MICS is 70.1% and 29.3% smaller than those of other two schemes.
Microwave integrated circuits, Encoding, Servers, Reliability, Manganese, Cloud computing, Protocols

Y. Tang et al., "MICS: Mingling Chained Storage Combining Replication and Erasure Coding," 2015 IEEE 34th Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems (SRDS), Montreal, QC, Canada, 2015, pp. 192-201.
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