Reliable Distributed Systems, IEEE Symposium on (2004)
Oct. 18, 2004 to Oct. 20, 2004
Naohiro Hayashibara , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST)
Xavier D?fago , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
Rami Yared , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST)
Takuya Katayama , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST)
The detection of failures is a fundamental issue for fault-tolerance in distributed systems. Recently, many people have come to realize that failure detection ought to be provided as some form of generic service, similar to IP address lookup or time synchronization. However, this has not been successful so far; one of the reasons being the fact that classical failure detectors were not designed to satisfy several application requirements simultaneously.<div></div> We present a novel abstraction, called accrual failure detectors, that emphasizes flexibility and expressiveness and can serve as a basic building block to implementing failure detectors in distributed systems. Instead of providing information of a binary nature (trust vs. suspect), accrual failure detectors output a suspicion level on a continuous scale. The principal merit of this approach is that it favors a nearly complete decoupling between application requirements and the monitoring of the environment.<div></div> In this paper, we describe an implementation of such an accrual failure detector, that we call the Φ failure detector. The particularity of the Φ failure detector is that it dynamically adjusts to current network conditions the scale on which the suspicion level is expressed. We analyzed the behavior of our Φ failure detector over an intercontinental communication link over a week. Our experimental results show that Φ performs equally well as other known adaptive failure detection mechanisms, with an improved flexibility.
X. D?fago, N. Hayashibara, R. Yared and T. Katayama, "The Φ Accrual Failure Detector," Reliable Distributed Systems, IEEE Symposium on(SRDS), Florianpolis, Brazil, 2004, pp. 66-78.