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Third IEEE International Conference on Software Engineering and Formal Methods (SEFM'05) (2005)
Koblenz, Germany
Sept. 7, 2005 to Sept. 9, 2005
ISBN: 0-7695-2435-4
pp: 352-362
Antonio Cerone , United Nations University Macau SAR China
Peter A. Lindsay , University of Queensland Brisbane, Australia
Simon Connelly , University of Queensland Brisbane, Australia
Experiments with simulators allow psychologists to better understand the causes of human errors and build models of cognitive processes to be used in Human Reliability Assessment (HRA). This paper investigates an approach to task failure analysis based on patterns of behaviour, by contrast to more traditional event-based approaches. It considers, as a case study, a formal model of an air traffic control (ATC) system which incorporates controller behaviour. The cognitive model is formalised in the CSP process algebra. Patterns of behaviour are expressed as temporal logic properties. Then a model-checking technique is used to verify whether the decomposition of the operator?s behaviour into patterns is sound and complete with respect to the cognitive model. The decomposition is shown to be incomplete and a new behavioural pattern is identified, which appears to have been overlooked in the analysis of the data provided by the experiments with the simulator. This illustrates how formal analysis of operator models can yield fresh insights into how failures may arise in interactive systems.

P. A. Lindsay, S. Connelly and A. Cerone, "Formal Analysis of Human-computer Interaction using Model-checking," Third IEEE International Conference on Software Engineering and Formal Methods(SEFM), Koblenz, 2005, pp. 352-362.
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