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Pacific Rim International Symposium on Dependable Computing, IEEE (2009)
Shanghai, China
Nov. 16, 2009 to Nov. 18, 2009
ISBN: 978-0-7695-3849-5
pp: 379-384
We investigate the impact of irrecoverable read errors--also known as bad blocks--on the MTTDL of mirrored disks, RAID level 5 arrays and RAID level 6 arrays. Our study is based on the data collected by Bairavasundaram et al. from a population of 1.53 million disks over a period of 32 months. Our study indicates that irrecoverable read errors can reduce the mean time to data loss (MTTDL) of the three arrays by up to 99 percent, effectively canceling most of the benefits of fast disk repairs. It also shows the benefits of frequent scrubbing scans that map out bad blocks thus preventing future irrecoverable read errors. As an example, once-a-month scrubbing scans were found to improve the MTTDL of the three arrays by at least 300 percent compared to once-a-year scrubbing scans.
disk arrays, mirrored disks, RAID arrays

J. Pâris, A. Amer, T. J. Schwarz and D. D. Long, "Evaluating the Impact of Irrecoverable Read Errors on Disk Array Reliability," Pacific Rim International Symposium on Dependable Computing, IEEE(PRDC), Shanghai, China, 2009, pp. 379-384.
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