2018 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications (PerCom) (2018)
March 19, 2018 to March 23, 2018
Gabriele Civitarese , University of Milano, Milano, Italy
Claudio Bettini , University of Milano, Milano, Italy
Timo Sztyler , University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany
Daniele Riboni , University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Heiner Stuckenschmidt , University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany
Due to the emerging popularity of pervasive healthcare applications, tools for monitoring activities in smart homes are gaining momentum. Existing methods mainly rely on supervised learning algorithms for recognizing activities based on sensor data. A key issue with those approaches is the acquisition of comprehensive training sets of activities. Indeed, that task incurs significant costs in terms of manual labeling effort; moreover, labeling by external observers violates the individual's privacy. For these reasons, there is an increasing interest in unsupervised activity recognition methods. A popular approach relies on knowledge-based models expressed by ontologies of activities, environment and sensors. Unfortunately, those models require significant knowledge engineering efforts, and are often limited to a specific application. In this paper, we address the issues of existing methods by proposing a novel hybrid approach. Our intuition is that a generic knowledge-based model of activities can be refined to target specific individuals and environments by collaboratively acquiring feedback from inhabitants. Specifically, we propose a collaborative active learning method to refine correlations among sensor events and activity types that are initially extracted from a high-level ontology. Generic correlations are personalized to each target smart-home considering the similarity between the feedback target and the feedback provider in terms of environment and inhabitant's profiles. Moreover, thanks to this method, new sensors installed in the home are seamlessly integrated in the recognition framework. In order to reduce the burden of providing feedback, we also propose a technique to carefully select the conditions that trigger a feedback request. We conducted experiments with a real-world dataset and a generic ontology of activities. Results show that our hybrid method outperforms state-of-the-art supervised and unsupervised activity recognition techniques while triggering an acceptable number of feedback queries.
G. Civitarese, C. Bettini, T. Sztyler, D. Riboni and H. Stuckenschmidt, "NECTAR: Knowledge-based Collaborative Active Learning for Activity Recognition," 2018 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications (PerCom)(PERCOM), Athens, Greece, 2018, pp. 1-10.