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ABSTRACT
Programming accelerators such as GPUs withlow-level APIs and languages such as OpenCL and CUDAis difficult, error-prone, and not performance-portable. Au-tomatic parallelization and domain specific languages (DSLs)have been proposed to hide complexity and regain performanceportability. We present P ENCIL, a rigorously-defined subset ofGNU C99 -- enriched with additional language constructs -- that enables compilers to exploit parallelism and produce highlyoptimized code when targeting accelerators. P ENCIL aims toserve both as a portable implementation language for libraries, and as a target language for DSL compilers. We implemented a P ENCIL-to-OpenCL backend using astate-of-the-art polyhedral compiler. The polyhedral compiler, extended to handle data-dependent control flow and non-affinearray accesses, generates optimized OpenCL code. To demon-strate the potential and performance portability of P ENCILand the P ENCIL-to-OpenCL compiler, we consider a numberof image processing kernels, a set of benchmarks from theRodinia and SHOC suites, and DSL embedding scenarios forlinear algebra (BLAS) and signal processing radar applications(SpearDE), and present experimental results for four GPUplatforms: AMD Radeon HD 5670 and R9 285, NVIDIAGTX 470, and ARM Mali-T604.
INDEX TERMS
DSL, Optimization, Kernel, Image processing, Graphics processing units, Benchmark testing, Arrays,OpenCL, automatic optimization, intermediate language, polyhedral model, domain specific languages
CITATION
Riyadh Baghdadi, Ulysse Beaugnon, Albert Cohen, Tobias Grosser, Michael Kruse, Chandan Reddy, Sven Verdoolaege, Adam Betts, Alastair F. Donaldson, Jeroen Ketema, Javed Absar, Sven van Haastregt, Alexey Kravets, Anton Lokhmotov, Robert David, Elnar Hajiyev, "PENCIL: A Platform-Neutral Compute Intermediate Language for Accelerator Programming", 2015 International Conference on Parallel Architecture and Compilation (PACT), vol. 00, no. , pp. 138-149, 2015, doi:10.1109/PACT.2015.17
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