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16th International Conference on Parallel Architecture and Compilation Techniques (PACT 2007) (2007)
Brasov, Romania
Sept. 15, 2007 to Sept. 19, 2007
ISSN: 1089-795X
ISBN: 0-7695-2944-5
pp: 339-352
Li Zhao , Intel Corporation, USA
Ravi Iyer , Intel Corporation, USA
Ramesh Illikkal , Intel Corporation, USA
Jaideep Moses , Intel Corporation, USA
Srihari Makineni , Intel Corporation, USA
Don Newell , Intel Corporation, USA
As multi-core architectures flourish in the marketplace, multi-application workload scenarios (such as server consolidation) are growing rapidly. When running multiple applications simultaneously on a platform, it has been shown that contention for shared platform resources such as last-level cache can severely degrade performance and quality of service (QoS). But today?s platforms do not have the capability to monitor shared cache usage accurately and disambiguate its effects on the performance behavior of each individual application. In this paper, we investigate low-overhead mechanisms for fine-grain monitoring of the use of shared cache resources along three vectors: (a) occupancy -- how much space is being used and by whom, (b) interference -- how much contention is present and who is being affected and (c) sharing -- how are threads cooperating. We propose the CacheScouts monitoring architecture consisting of novel tagging (software-guided monitoring IDs), and sampling mechanisms (set sampling) to achieve shared cache monitoring on per application basis at low overhead (\le 0.1%) and with very little loss of accuracy (\le 5%). We also present case studies to show how CacheScouts can be used by operating systems (OS) and virtual machine monitors (VMMs) for (a) characterizing execution profiles, (b) optimizing scheduling for performance management, (c) providing QoS and (d) metering for chargeback.

D. Newell, S. Makineni, L. Zhao, R. Illikkal, J. Moses and R. Iyer, "CacheScouts: Fine-Grain Monitoring of Shared Caches in CMP Platforms," 16th International Conference on Parallel Architecture and Compilation Techniques (PACT 2007)(PACT), Brasov, Romania, 2007, pp. 339-352.
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