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Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Parallel Architectures and Compilation Techniques (2007)
Brasov, Romania
Sept. 15, 2007 to Sept. 19, 2007
ISSN: 1089-795X
ISBN: 0-7695-2944-5
pp: 49-59
Ram Rangan , Princeton University, USA
Neil Vachharajani , Princeton University, USA
Easwaran Raman , Princeton University, USA
Matthew J. Bridges , Princeton University, USA
Guilherme Ottoni , Princeton University, USA
David I. August , Princeton University, USA
In recent years, microprocessor manufacturers have shifted their focus from single-core to multi-core processors. To avoid burdening programmers with the responsibility of parallelizing their applications, some researchers have advocated automatic thread extraction. A recently proposed technique, Decoupled Software Pipelining (DSWP), has demonstrated promise by partitioning loops into long-running, fine-grained threads organized into a pipeline. Using a pipeline organization and execution decoupled by inter-core communication queues, DSWP offers increased execution efficiency that is largely independent of inter-core communication latency. <p>This paper proposes adding speculation to DSWP and evaluates an automatic approach for its implementation. By speculating past infrequent dependences, the benefit of DSWP is increased by making it applicable to more loops, facilitating better balanced threads, and enabling parallelized loops to be run on more cores. Unlike prior speculative threading proposals, speculative DSWP focuses on breaking dependence recurrences. By speculatively breaking these recurrences, instructions that were formerly restricted to a single thread to ensure decoupling are now free to span multiple threads. Using an initial automatic compiler implementation and a validated processor model, this paper demonstrates significant gains using speculation for 4-core chip multiprocessor models running a variety of codes.</p>
Ram Rangan, Neil Vachharajani, Easwaran Raman, Matthew J. Bridges, Guilherme Ottoni, David I. August, "Speculative Decoupled Software Pipelining", Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Parallel Architectures and Compilation Techniques, vol. 00, no. , pp. 49-59, 2007, doi:10.1109/PACT.2007.66
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