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Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Parallel Architectures and Compilation Techniques (2007)
Brasov, Romania
Sept. 15, 2007 to Sept. 19, 2007
ISSN: 1089-795X
ISBN: 0-7695-2944-5
pp: 3-12
William J. Dally , Stanford University, USA
Jayanth Gummaraju , Stanford University, USA
Joel Coburn , Stanford University, USA
Mattan Erez , University of Texas at Austin, USA
Mendel Rosenblum , Stanford University, USA
ABSTRACT
There has recently been much interest in stream processing, both in industry (e.g., Cell, NVIDIA G80, ATI R580) and academia (e.g., Stanford Merrimac, MIT RAW), with stream programs becoming increasingly popular for both media and more general-purpose computing. Although a special style of programming called stream programming is needed to target these stream architectures, huge performance benefits can be achieved. <p>In this paper, we minimally add architectural features to commodity general-purpose processors (e.g., Intel/AMD) to efficiently support the stream execution model. We design the extensions to reuse existing components of the general-purpose processor hardware as much as possible by investigating low-cost modifications to the CPU caches, hardware prefetcher, and the execution core. With a less than 1% increase in die area along with judicious use of a software runtime system, we can efficiently support stream programming on traditional processor cores. We evaluate our techniques by running scientific applications on a cycle-level simulation system. The results show that our system executes stream programs as efficiently as possible, limited only by the ALU performance and the memory bandwidth needed to feed the ALUs.</p>
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CITATION
William J. Dally, Jayanth Gummaraju, Joel Coburn, Mattan Erez, Mendel Rosenblum, "Architectural Support for the Stream Execution Model on General-Purpose Processors", Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Parallel Architectures and Compilation Techniques, vol. 00, no. , pp. 3-12, 2007, doi:10.1109/PACT.2007.15
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