2017 International Conference on Networking, Architecture, and Storage (NAS) (2017)
Aug. 7, 2017 to Aug. 9, 2017
With the development of technology and price decline, flash-based Solid state drives (SSDs) are rapidly used to construct RAIDs by storage vendors. SSD does not need to seek and rotate, therefore, its read performance is much better than that of HDD. However, the small write performance of SSD is limited by its inherent characteristics such as out- of-place updates and garbage collection. The traditional parity-based RAID also has small write problem because of parity updating. SSD-based RAID, which is called RAIS, is generally based on the traditional RAID design and implementation. Consequently, handling small write requests is a serious challenge when SSD is used to construct parity-based RAID. In RAIS storage system, small write requests not only result in poor performance, but also shorten the lifetime of each SSD. In this paper, we propose a novel write through cache method, called CRAIS5, which uses a RAM as the write cache of RAIS5, and adopts the write-through mode to delay the parity update. The write-through cache method makes full use of the flash characteristics, and removes the pre-read operation. CRAIS5 improves the small write performance and reduces the erase time. We have implemented the CRAIS5 prototype in Disksim simulator, and used the real traces to evaluate the performance. The evaluations demonstrate that our CRAIS5 outperforms RAIS5, and PPC, on average, by 42.82%, and 34.49% respectively.
L. Mei, D. Feng, J. Chen, L. Zeng and J. Liu, "A Write-Through Cache Method to Improve Small Write Performance of SSD-Based RAID," 2017 International Conference on Networking, Architecture, and Storage (NAS), Shenzhen, China, 2017, pp. 1-6.