The Community for Technology Leaders
Mass Storage Systems and Technologies, IEEE / NASA Goddard Conference on (2005)
Monterey, California
Apr. 11, 2005 to Apr. 14, 2005
ISBN: 0-7695-2318-8
pp: 237-244
Ahmed Amer , University of Pittsburgh
Matthew Craven , University of Pittsburgh
Increasing efforts have been aimed towards the management of power as a critical system resource, and the disk can consume approximately a third of the power required for a typical laptop computer. Mechanisms to manage disk power have included spin-down policies and APIs to modify access workloads to be more powerfriendly. In this work we present a measurement study of disk power consumption, focusing on the potential impact of successfully optimizing disk layout or predicting future disk accesses with predictive read-ahead. We demonstrate how such strategies can allow the reduction of disk power consumption at least as well as traditional disk spin-down schemes, while avoiding the serious performance degradation that can occur from excessive spin-downs. Experimental results showed that a successful predictive disk management policy could reduce disk power consumption by over 80%, while maintaining the responsiveness of a continuously running disk. In contrast, an aggressive spin-down policy that does not attempt to optimize layout or predictively read-ahead data, would achieve the same results at the expense of increasing average delays by 2 to 4 times. Another contribution of this work involves the accuracy of the measurements, which were conducted at a level precise enough to distinguish the power consumption of drive electronics, spindle-motors, and disk arm movement.
Ahmed Amer, Matthew Craven, "Predictive Reduction of Power and Latency (PuRPLe)", Mass Storage Systems and Technologies, IEEE / NASA Goddard Conference on, vol. 00, no. , pp. 237-244, 2005, doi:10.1109/MSST.2005.25
101 ms
(Ver 3.3 (11022016))