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Proceedings. 2006 31st IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks (2006)
Tampa, FL
Nov. 14, 2006 to Nov. 16, 2006
ISSN: 0742-1303
ISBN: 1-4244-0418-5
pp: 63-70
null Younggyun Koh , Coll. of Comput., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA
C. Pu , Coll. of Comput., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA
ABSTRACT
Network server consolidation has become popular through virtualization technology that builds secure, isolated network systems on shared hardware. One of the virtualization techniques used is that of user-level operating systems. (ULOSes) However, the isolation and security they bring comes at the price of performance, as virtualization introduces a number of overheads into the system. Such overheads can be surprisingly large, especially for complex OS modules like network protocol stacks. Our studies of the TCP/IP stack in user-mode Linux (UML), an implementation of a ULOS, attribute the resulting slow-downs to three main sources: the execution of privileged code, memory management across layers, and additional instructions to execute. To mitigate these bottlenecks, we present five optimization techniques, improving the network performance significantly, reducing packet processing latency by 60% and increasing network throughput by three folds. Furthermore, the network throughput of the improved ULOS is comparable to that of native Linux up to gigabit speeds
INDEX TERMS
memory management, packet processing, user-level operating system, network server consolidation, virtualization technology, shared hardware, network protocol stacks, TCP/IP stack, user-mode Linux
CITATION

C. Consel, n. Younggyun Koh, S. Bhatia and C. Pu, "Efficient Packet Processing in User-Level OSes: A Study of UML," Proceedings. 2006 31st IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks(LCN), Tampa, FL, 2006, pp. 63-70.
doi:10.1109/LCN.2006.322071
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