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Ninth International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition (2004)
Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan
Oct. 26, 2004 to Oct. 29, 2004
ISSN: 1550-5235
ISBN: 0-7695-2187-8
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Papers

Reviewers (PDF)

pp. xvi

Foreword (PDF)

pp. xiii
Introduction

Foreword (PDF)

pp. xiii
Handwriting Recognition and Shape Analysis

Online Character Recognition Using Eigen-Deformations (Abstract)

Hiroto Mitoma , Kyushu University
Seiichi Uchida , Kyushu University
Hiroaki Sakoe , Kyushu University
pp. 3-8

Self-Supervised Adaptation for On-Line Text Recognition (Abstract)

Loïc Oudot , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
Lionel Prevost , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
Alvaro Moises , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
pp. 9-13

Generative Models and Bayesian Model Comparison for Shape Recognition (Abstract)

Balaji Krishnapuram , Microsoft Research
Christopher M. Bishop , Microsoft Research
Martin Szummer , Microsoft Research
pp. 20-25
Classification Techniques

Support Vector Machines for Handwritten Numerical String Recognition (Abstract)

Luiz S. Oliveira , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Robert Sabourin , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
pp. 39-44

Classification of Time-Series Data Using a Generative/Discriminative Hybrid (Abstract)

K. T. Abou-Moustafa , Concordia University and Ecole de Technologie Superieure
M. Cheriet , Ecole de Technologie Superieure
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 51-56

Speeding Up the Decision Making of Support Vector Classifiers (Abstract)

Jonathan Milgram , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
Mohamed Cheriet , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 57-62

Boosting Driven by Error Free Regions (Abstract)

Rainer Lindwurm , Siemens Dematic AG
Jörg Rottland , Siemens Dematic AG
pp. 75-80

Unsupervised Feature Selection for Ensemble of Classifiers (Abstract)

Marisa Morita , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Luiz S. Oliveira , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Robert Sabourin , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
pp. 81-86

A Syntax-Directed Method for Numerical Field Extraction Using Classifier Combination (Abstract)

C. Chatelain , Universit? de Rouen
L. Heutte , Universit? de Rouen
T. Paquet , Universit? de Rouen
pp. 93-98
Handwriting Analysis and Gesture Recognition

Model Structure Selection and Training Algorithms for an HMM Gesture Recognition System (Abstract)

Nianjun Liu , University of Queensland
Brian C. Lovell , University of Queensland
Peter J. Kootsookos , University of Queensland
Richard I. A. Davis , University of Queensland
pp. 100-105

Magic Wand: A Hand-Drawn Gesture Input Device in 3-D Space with Inertial Sensors (Abstract)

Sung-Jung Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Jong Koo Oh , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Won-Chul Bang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Wook Chang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Eunseok Choi , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Yang Jing , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Joonkee Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Dong Yoon Kim , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
pp. 106-111

Inertial Sensor Based Recognition of 3-D Character Gestures with an Ensemble of Classifiers (Abstract)

Jong K. Oh , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Sung-Jung Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Won-Chul Bang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Wook Chang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Eunseok Choi , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Jing Yang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Joonkee Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Dong Yoon Kim , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
pp. 112-117

Recovering Dynamic Information from Static Handwritten Images (Abstract)

Yu Qiao , University of Electro-Communications
Makato Yasuhara , University of Electro-Communications
pp. 118-123

A Saliency-Based Multiscale Method for On-Line Cursive Handwriting Shape Description (Abstract)

Claudio De Stefano , Universit? di Cassino
Marco Garruto , Universit? di Salerno
Angelo Marcelli , Universit? di Salerno
pp. 124-129

Writer Dependent Online Handwriting Generation with Bayesian Network (Abstract)

Hyunil Choi , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Sung Jung Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Jin H. Kim , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
pp. 130-135

Representation and Annotation of Online Handwritten Data (Abstract)

Ajay S. Bhaskarabhatla , Hewlett-Packard Labs
Sriganesh Madhvanath , Hewlett-Packard Labs
M. N. S. S. K. Pavan Kumar , International Institute of Information Technology
A. Balasubramanian , International Institute of Information Technology
C. V. Jawahar , International Institute of Information Technology
pp. 136-141

Distinguishing Text from Graphics in On-Line Handwritten Ink (Abstract)

Christopher M. Bishop , Microsoft Research
Markus Svensén , Microsoft Research
Geoffrey E. Hinton , University of Toronto
pp. 142-147

On-Line Handwritten Documents Segmentation (Abstract)

J. Blanchard , Universit? Paris 6
T. Arti?res , Universit? Paris 6
pp. 148-153

Learning to Parse Hierarchical Lists and Outlines Using Conditional Random Fields (Abstract)

Ming Ye , Microsoft Corporation
Paul Viola , Microsoft Corporation
pp. 154-159
Signature Verification and Writer Identification

Learning Strategies and Classification Methods for Off-Line Signature Verification (Abstract)

Sargur N. Srihari , State University of New York at Buffalo
Aihua Xu , State University of New York at Buffalo
Meenakshi K. Kalera , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 161-166

Ink-Deposition Model: The Relation of Writing and Ink Deposition Processes (Abstract)

Katrin Franke , Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology
Steffen Rose , Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology
pp. 173-178

Recent Advancements in Automatic Signature Verification (Abstract)

G. Dimauro , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
S. Impedovo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
M. G. Lucchese , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
R. Modugno , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
G. Pirlo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
pp. 179-184

ER²: An Intuitive Similarity Measure for On-Line Signature Verification (Abstract)

Hansheng Lei , State University of New York at Buffalo
Srinivas Palla , State University of New York at Buffalo
Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 191-195

Handwriting Analysis for Writer Verification (Abstract)

Ameur Bensefia , University of Rouen
Thierry Paquet , University of Rouen
Laurent Heutte , University of Rouen
pp. 196-201
Recognition of Word and Text

N-Gram Language Models for Offline Handwritten Text Recognition (Abstract)

Matthias Zimmermann , University of Bern
Horst Bunke , University of Bern
pp. 203-208

Handwritten Brazilian Month Recognition: An Analysis of Two NN Architectures and a Rejection Mechanism (Abstract)

Marcelo N. Kapp , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Cinthia O. De A. Freitas , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 209-214

Fast Two-Level HMM Decoding Algorithm for Large Vocabulary Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Alessandro L. Koerich , Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná
Robert Sabourin , École de Technologie Supérieure
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 232-237
Document Analysis and Applications

Decompose-Threshold Approach to Handwriting Extraction in Degraded Historical Document Images (Abstract)

Chen Yan , Nanyang Technological University
Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University
pp. 239-244

Text Line Segmentation in Handwritten Document Using a Production System (Abstract)

St?phane Nicolas , Universit? de Rouen
Thierry Paquet , Universit? de Rouen
Laurent Heutte , Universit? de Rouen
pp. 245-250

Improving the Structuring Search Space Method for Accelerating Large Set Character Recognition (Abstract)

Yiping Yang , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology Affiliation
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology Affiliation
pp. 251-256

An Empirical Study of Statistical Language Models for Contextual Post-Processing of Chinese Script Recognition (Abstract)

Yuan-Xiang Li , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 257-262

Spiral Recognition Methodology and Its Application for Recognition of Chinese Bank Checks (Abstract)

Hanshen Tang , Concordia University
Emmanuel Augustin , Artificial Intelligence and Image Analysis
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
Olivier Baret , Artificial Intelligence and Image Analysis
Mohamed Cheriet , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 263-268

D-Pen: A Digital Pen System for Public and Business Enterprises (Abstract)

Naohiro Furukawa , Hitachi, Ltd.
Hisashi Ikeda , Hitachi, Ltd.
Yosuke Kato , Hitachi, Ltd.
Hiroshi Sako , Hitachi, Ltd.
pp. 269-274
History and Future Prospects
Segmentation and Preprocessing

A Recognition Based System for Segmentation of Touching Handwritten Numeral Strings (Abstract)

Yun Lei , Tsinghua University
C. S. Liu , Tsinghua University
X. Q. Ding , Tsinghua University
Qiang Fu , Tsinghua University
pp. 294-299

Handwriting Segmentation of Unconstrained Oriya Text (Abstract)

N. Tripathy , Indian Statistical Institute
U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 306-311

Machine-Printed from Handwritten Text Discrimination (Abstract)

Ergina Kavallieratou , TEI of Ionian Islands
Stathis Stamatatos , TEI of Ionian Islands
Hera Antonopoulou , Computer Technology Institute
pp. 312-316

Automatic Segmentation of Unconstrained Handwritten Numeral Strings (Abstract)

J. Sadri , Concordia University
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
T. D. Bui , Concordia University
pp. 317-322

Local Slant Estimation for Handwritten English Words (Abstract)

Yimei Ding , Mie University
Wataru Ohyama , Mie University
Fumitaka Kimura , Mie University
M Shridhar , University of Michigan-Dearborn
pp. 328-333

Segmentation of Handwritten Numerals by Graph Representation (Abstract)

Misako Suwa , Fujitsu Labs. Ltd.
Satoshi Naoi , Fujitsu Labs. Ltd.
pp. 334-339
Feature Extraction and Feature Selection

Extraction of Hybrid Complex Wavelet Features for the Verification of Handwritten Numerals (Abstract)

P. Zhang , Concordia University
T. D. Bui , Concordia University
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 347-352

Evaluation of Feature Sets in the Post Processing of Handwritten Pitman?s Shorthand (Abstract)

Swe Myo Htwe , University of Nottingham
Colin Higgins , University of Nottingham
Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University,
Ma Yang , Nanyang Technological University,
pp. 359-364

An Optimized Hill Climbing Algorithm for Feature Subset Selection: Evaluation on Handwritten Character Recognition (Abstract)

Carlos M. Nunes , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Alceu de S. Britto Jr. , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran? and Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa
Celso A. A. Kaestner , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 365-370

Foreground and Background Information in an HMM-Based Method for Recognition of Isolated Characters and Numeral Strings (Abstract)

Alceu de S. Britto Jr. , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran? and Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure and Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
Flavio Bortolozzi , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Ching Y. Suen , Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
pp. 371-376

A New Series of Rotation Invariant Moments by Lie Transformation Group Theory (Abstract)

Toshio Sakata , Kyushu University
Ryuei Nishii , Kyushu University
Tan Siang Chin , Kyushu University
Ryuichi Sawae , Okayama University of Science
pp. 377-381
Character Recognition

Pattern Recognition by Distributed Coding: Test and Analysis of the Power Space Similarity Method (Abstract)

Takao Kobayashi , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
pp. 389-394

Application of Fuzzy Logic to Online Recognition of Handwritten Symbols (Abstract)

John A. Fitzgerald , University College Dublin
Franz Geiselbrechtinger , University College Dublin
Tahar Kechadi , University College Dublin
pp. 395-400

A Generic Approach for On-Line Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Sanparith Marukatat , Universit? Paris 6
Thierry Arti?res , Universit? Paris 6
Patrick Gallinari , Universit? Paris 6
pp. 401-406

Learning HMM Structure for On-Line Handwriting Modelization (Abstract)

Henri Binsztok , Universit? Paris VI
Thierry Arti?res , Universit? Paris VI
pp. 407-412

Diversity-Performance Relationship in a Handwriting Recognition System Based on Bit-Plane Decomposition (Abstract)

S. Chindaro , University of Kent
K. Sirlantzis , University of Kent
M. C. Fairhurst , University of Kent
S. Hoque , University of Kent
pp. 413-418

On the Choice of Training Set, Architecture and Combination Rule of Multiple MLP Classifiers for Multiresolution Recognition of Handwritten Characters (Abstract)

U. Bhattacharya , Indian Statistical Institute
S. Vajda , LORIA Research Center
A. Mallick , Indian Statistical Institute
B. B. Chaudhuri , Indian Statistical Institute
A. Belaid , LORIA Research Center
pp. 419-424
Asian Character Recognition

An Off-Line Recognition Method of Handwritten Primitive Manchu Characters Based on Strokes (Abstract)

Guang-yuan Zhang , Northeastern University and Shenyang University
Jing-jiao Li , Northeastern University
Rong-wei He , Liaoning archives Library
Ai-xia Wang , Northeastern University
pp. 432-437

Online Handwriting Recognition for Tamil (Abstract)

K. H. Aparna, , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
Vidhya Subramanian , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
M. Kasirajan , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
G. Vijay Prakash , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
V. S. Chakravarthy , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
Sriganesh Madhvanath , Hewlett-Packard India
pp. 438-443

Comparison of Elastic Matching Algorithms for Online Tamil Handwritten Character Recognition (Abstract)

Niranjan Joshi , Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore
G. Sita , Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore
A. G. Ramakrishnan , Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore
Sriganesh Madhvanath , Hewlett-Packard Labs
pp. 444-449

The Clustering Technique for Thai Handwritten Recognition (Abstract)

Ithipan Methasate , National Science and Technology Development Agency - Thailand
Sutat Sae-tang , National Science and Technology Development Agency - Thailand
pp. 450-454
Word Recognition and Linguistic Approaches

Stability Measure of Entropy Estimate and Its Application to Language Model Evaluation (Abstract)

Jahwan Kim , Korea Advanced Institute of Science Technology
Sungho Ryu , Korea Advanced Institute of Science Technology
Jin H. Kim , Korea Advanced Institute of Science Technology
pp. 456-461

Combination of Contextual Information for Handwritten Word Recognition (Abstract)

Guillaume Koch , Universit? de Rouen
Thierry Paquet , Universit? de Rouen
Laurent Heutte , Universit? de Rouen
pp. 468-473

Signature and Lexicon Pruning Techniques (Abstract)

Srinivas Palla , University at Buffalo
Hansheng Lei , University at Buffalo
Venu Govindaraju , University at Buffalo
pp. 474-478

Rejection Strategies for Handwritten Word Recognition (Abstract)

Alessandro L. Koerich , Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná
pp. 479-484

An Activation-Verification Model for On-Line Texts Recognition (Abstract)

Loïc Oudot , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
Lionel Prevost , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
Maurice Milgram , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
pp. 485-490
Signature Verification and Writer Identification

The Repeatability of Signatures (Abstract)

R. M. Guest , University of Kent
pp. 492-497

An Off-Line Signature Verification Method Based on the Questioned Document Expert?s Approach and a Neural Network Classifier (Abstract)

Cesar Santos , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Edson J. R. Justino , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Fl?vio Bortolozzi , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 498-502

Selection of Points for On-Line Signature Comparison (Abstract)

M. Wirotius , Universit? de Tours
J.-Y. Ramel , Universit? de Tours
N. Vincent , Universit? Paris 5
pp. 503-508

An Effective Writer Verification Algorithm Using Negative Samples (Abstract)

Xianliang Wang , Tsinghua University
Xiaoqing Ding , Tsinghua University
pp. 509-603
Applications

Generation and Analysis of Handwriting Script with the Beta-Elliptic Model (Abstract)

Hala Bezine , National School of Engineers of Sfax
Adel M. Alimi , National School of Engineers of Sfax
Nasser Sherkat , School of Computing and Mathematics of Nottingham
pp. 515-520

Handwriting-Based Learning Materials on a Tablet PC: A Prototype and Its Practical Studies in an Elementary School (Abstract)

Naomi Iwayama , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Katsuhiko Akiyama , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Hiroshi Tanaka , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Hiroaki Tamura , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Kazushi Ishigaki , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
pp. 533-538

Handwritten Chinese Address Recognition (Abstract)

Chunheng Wang , Fujitsu R&D Center Co. Ltd.
Yoshinobu Hotta , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Misako Suwa , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Satoshi Naoi , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
pp. 539-544

A Search Method for On-Line Handwritten Text Employing Writing-Box-Free Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Hideto Oda , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Akihito Kitadai , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Motoki Onuma , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
pp. 545-550

Base Color Recognition by Tetragonal Regression for Overlapped Watercolors (Abstract)

Tomokazu Terai , Waseda University
Shinji Mizuno , Toyohashi University of Technology
Minoru Okada , Waseda University
pp. 551-556

PATRAM — A Handwritten Word Processor for Indian Languages (Abstract)

Kamesh Madduri , Indian Institute of Technology - Madras
K. H. Aparna , Indian Institute of Technology - Madras
V. S. Chakravarthy , Indian Institute of Technology - Madras
pp. 557-562

The WANDAML Markup Language for Digital Document Annotation (Abstract)

Katrin Franke , Fraunhofer Institute
Isabelle Guyon , ClopiNet
Lambert Schomaker , Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
Louis Vuurpijl , University of Nijmegen
pp. 563-568

Recognition and Grouping of Handwritten Text in Diagrams and Equations (Abstract)

Michael Shilman , Microsoft Research
Paul Viola , Microsoft Research
Kumar Chellapilla , Microsoft Research
pp. 569-574

Use of Chatroom Abbreviations and Shorthand Symbols in Pen Computing (Abstract)

William B. Huber , Pace University
Sung-Hyuk Cha , Pace University
Charles C. Tapper , Pace University
Vicki L. Hanson , IBM T. J. Watson Research Center
pp. 575-579

A System towards Indian Postal Automation (Abstract)

K. Roy , Indian Statistical Institute
S. Vajda , LORIA Research Center
U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
B. B. Chaudhuri , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 580-585

Verifying the UNIPEN Devset (Abstract)

Louis Vuurpijl , Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information
Ralph Niels , Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information
Merijn van Erp , Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information
Lambert Schomaker , University of Groningen
Eugene Ratzlaff , IBM Research
pp. 586-591

A Study on Decision Rule for Japanese Dictation Test (Abstract)

Meng Shi , Mie University
Wataru Ohyama , Mie University
Tetsushi Wakabayashi , Mie University
Fumitaka Kimura , Mie University
pp. 592-596

Mode Detection and Incremental Recognition (Abstract)

Stéphane Rossignol , University of Nijmegen
Don Willems , University of Nijmegen
Andre Neumann , University of Nijmegen
Louis Vuurpijl , University of Nijmegen
pp. 597-602
Author Index

Author Index (PDF)

pp. 603-605
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