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Ninth International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition (2004)
Kokubunji, Tokyo, Japan
Oct. 26, 2004 to Oct. 29, 2004
ISSN: 1550-5235
ISBN: 0-7695-2187-8
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Papers

Reviewers (PDF)

pp. xvi

Sponsors (PDF)

pp. xvii

Foreword (PDF)

pp. xiii
Introduction

Foreword (PDF)

pp. xiii
Handwriting Recognition and Shape Analysis

Online Character Recognition Using Eigen-Deformations (Abstract)

Hiroto Mitoma , Kyushu University
Seiichi Uchida , Kyushu University
Hiroaki Sakoe , Kyushu University
pp. 3-8

Self-Supervised Adaptation for On-Line Text Recognition (Abstract)

Loïc Oudot , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
Lionel Prevost , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
Alvaro Moises , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
pp. 9-13

Generative Models and Bayesian Model Comparison for Shape Recognition (Abstract)

Balaji Krishnapuram , Microsoft Research
Christopher M. Bishop , Microsoft Research
Martin Szummer , Microsoft Research
pp. 20-25
Classification Techniques

Support Vector Machines for Handwritten Numerical String Recognition (Abstract)

Luiz S. Oliveira , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Robert Sabourin , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
pp. 39-44

Classification of Time-Series Data Using a Generative/Discriminative Hybrid (Abstract)

K. T. Abou-Moustafa , Concordia University and Ecole de Technologie Superieure
M. Cheriet , Ecole de Technologie Superieure
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 51-56

Speeding Up the Decision Making of Support Vector Classifiers (Abstract)

Jonathan Milgram , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
Mohamed Cheriet , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 57-62

Boosting Driven by Error Free Regions (Abstract)

Rainer Lindwurm , Siemens Dematic AG
Jörg Rottland , Siemens Dematic AG
pp. 75-80

Unsupervised Feature Selection for Ensemble of Classifiers (Abstract)

Marisa Morita , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Luiz S. Oliveira , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Robert Sabourin , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
pp. 81-86

A Syntax-Directed Method for Numerical Field Extraction Using Classifier Combination (Abstract)

C. Chatelain , Universit? de Rouen
L. Heutte , Universit? de Rouen
T. Paquet , Universit? de Rouen
pp. 93-98
Handwriting Analysis and Gesture Recognition

Model Structure Selection and Training Algorithms for an HMM Gesture Recognition System (Abstract)

Nianjun Liu , University of Queensland
Brian C. Lovell , University of Queensland
Peter J. Kootsookos , University of Queensland
Richard I. A. Davis , University of Queensland
pp. 100-105

Magic Wand: A Hand-Drawn Gesture Input Device in 3-D Space with Inertial Sensors (Abstract)

Sung-Jung Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Jong Koo Oh , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Won-Chul Bang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Wook Chang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Eunseok Choi , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Yang Jing , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Joonkee Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Dong Yoon Kim , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
pp. 106-111

Inertial Sensor Based Recognition of 3-D Character Gestures with an Ensemble of Classifiers (Abstract)

Jong K. Oh , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Sung-Jung Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Won-Chul Bang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Wook Chang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Eunseok Choi , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Jing Yang , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Joonkee Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Dong Yoon Kim , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
pp. 112-117

Recovering Dynamic Information from Static Handwritten Images (Abstract)

Yu Qiao , University of Electro-Communications
Makato Yasuhara , University of Electro-Communications
pp. 118-123

A Saliency-Based Multiscale Method for On-Line Cursive Handwriting Shape Description (Abstract)

Claudio De Stefano , Universit? di Cassino
Marco Garruto , Universit? di Salerno
Angelo Marcelli , Universit? di Salerno
pp. 124-129

Writer Dependent Online Handwriting Generation with Bayesian Network (Abstract)

Hyunil Choi , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Sung Jung Cho , Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
Jin H. Kim , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
pp. 130-135

Representation and Annotation of Online Handwritten Data (Abstract)

Ajay S. Bhaskarabhatla , Hewlett-Packard Labs
Sriganesh Madhvanath , Hewlett-Packard Labs
M. N. S. S. K. Pavan Kumar , International Institute of Information Technology
A. Balasubramanian , International Institute of Information Technology
C. V. Jawahar , International Institute of Information Technology
pp. 136-141

Distinguishing Text from Graphics in On-Line Handwritten Ink (Abstract)

Christopher M. Bishop , Microsoft Research
Markus Svensén , Microsoft Research
Geoffrey E. Hinton , University of Toronto
pp. 142-147

On-Line Handwritten Documents Segmentation (Abstract)

J. Blanchard , Universit? Paris 6
T. Arti?res , Universit? Paris 6
pp. 148-153

Learning to Parse Hierarchical Lists and Outlines Using Conditional Random Fields (Abstract)

Ming Ye , Microsoft Corporation
Paul Viola , Microsoft Corporation
pp. 154-159
Signature Verification and Writer Identification

Learning Strategies and Classification Methods for Off-Line Signature Verification (Abstract)

Sargur N. Srihari , State University of New York at Buffalo
Aihua Xu , State University of New York at Buffalo
Meenakshi K. Kalera , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 161-166

Ink-Deposition Model: The Relation of Writing and Ink Deposition Processes (Abstract)

Katrin Franke , Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology
Steffen Rose , Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology
pp. 173-178

Recent Advancements in Automatic Signature Verification (Abstract)

G. Dimauro , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
S. Impedovo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
M. G. Lucchese , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
R. Modugno , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
G. Pirlo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
pp. 179-184

ER²: An Intuitive Similarity Measure for On-Line Signature Verification (Abstract)

Hansheng Lei , State University of New York at Buffalo
Srinivas Palla , State University of New York at Buffalo
Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 191-195

Handwriting Analysis for Writer Verification (Abstract)

Ameur Bensefia , University of Rouen
Thierry Paquet , University of Rouen
Laurent Heutte , University of Rouen
pp. 196-201
Recognition of Word and Text

N-Gram Language Models for Offline Handwritten Text Recognition (Abstract)

Matthias Zimmermann , University of Bern
Horst Bunke , University of Bern
pp. 203-208

Handwritten Brazilian Month Recognition: An Analysis of Two NN Architectures and a Rejection Mechanism (Abstract)

Marcelo N. Kapp , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Cinthia O. De A. Freitas , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 209-214

Fast Two-Level HMM Decoding Algorithm for Large Vocabulary Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Alessandro L. Koerich , Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná
Robert Sabourin , École de Technologie Supérieure
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 232-237
Document Analysis and Applications

Decompose-Threshold Approach to Handwriting Extraction in Degraded Historical Document Images (Abstract)

Chen Yan , Nanyang Technological University
Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University
pp. 239-244

Text Line Segmentation in Handwritten Document Using a Production System (Abstract)

St?phane Nicolas , Universit? de Rouen
Thierry Paquet , Universit? de Rouen
Laurent Heutte , Universit? de Rouen
pp. 245-250

Improving the Structuring Search Space Method for Accelerating Large Set Character Recognition (Abstract)

Yiping Yang , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology Affiliation
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology Affiliation
pp. 251-256

An Empirical Study of Statistical Language Models for Contextual Post-Processing of Chinese Script Recognition (Abstract)

Yuan-Xiang Li , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 257-262

Spiral Recognition Methodology and Its Application for Recognition of Chinese Bank Checks (Abstract)

Hanshen Tang , Concordia University
Emmanuel Augustin , Artificial Intelligence and Image Analysis
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
Olivier Baret , Artificial Intelligence and Image Analysis
Mohamed Cheriet , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 263-268

D-Pen: A Digital Pen System for Public and Business Enterprises (Abstract)

Naohiro Furukawa , Hitachi, Ltd.
Hisashi Ikeda , Hitachi, Ltd.
Yosuke Kato , Hitachi, Ltd.
Hiroshi Sako , Hitachi, Ltd.
pp. 269-274
History and Future Prospects
Segmentation and Preprocessing

A Recognition Based System for Segmentation of Touching Handwritten Numeral Strings (Abstract)

Yun Lei , Tsinghua University
C. S. Liu , Tsinghua University
X. Q. Ding , Tsinghua University
Qiang Fu , Tsinghua University
pp. 294-299

Handwriting Segmentation of Unconstrained Oriya Text (Abstract)

N. Tripathy , Indian Statistical Institute
U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 306-311

Machine-Printed from Handwritten Text Discrimination (Abstract)

Ergina Kavallieratou , TEI of Ionian Islands
Stathis Stamatatos , TEI of Ionian Islands
Hera Antonopoulou , Computer Technology Institute
pp. 312-316

Automatic Segmentation of Unconstrained Handwritten Numeral Strings (Abstract)

J. Sadri , Concordia University
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
T. D. Bui , Concordia University
pp. 317-322

Local Slant Estimation for Handwritten English Words (Abstract)

Yimei Ding , Mie University
Wataru Ohyama , Mie University
Fumitaka Kimura , Mie University
M Shridhar , University of Michigan-Dearborn
pp. 328-333

Segmentation of Handwritten Numerals by Graph Representation (Abstract)

Misako Suwa , Fujitsu Labs. Ltd.
Satoshi Naoi , Fujitsu Labs. Ltd.
pp. 334-339
Feature Extraction and Feature Selection

Extraction of Hybrid Complex Wavelet Features for the Verification of Handwritten Numerals (Abstract)

P. Zhang , Concordia University
T. D. Bui , Concordia University
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 347-352

Evaluation of Feature Sets in the Post Processing of Handwritten Pitman?s Shorthand (Abstract)

Swe Myo Htwe , University of Nottingham
Colin Higgins , University of Nottingham
Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University,
Ma Yang , Nanyang Technological University,
pp. 359-364

An Optimized Hill Climbing Algorithm for Feature Subset Selection: Evaluation on Handwritten Character Recognition (Abstract)

Carlos M. Nunes , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Alceu de S. Britto Jr. , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran? and Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa
Celso A. A. Kaestner , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 365-370

Foreground and Background Information in an HMM-Based Method for Recognition of Isolated Characters and Numeral Strings (Abstract)

Alceu de S. Britto Jr. , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran? and Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure and Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
Flavio Bortolozzi , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Ching Y. Suen , Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
pp. 371-376

A New Series of Rotation Invariant Moments by Lie Transformation Group Theory (Abstract)

Toshio Sakata , Kyushu University
Ryuei Nishii , Kyushu University
Tan Siang Chin , Kyushu University
Ryuichi Sawae , Okayama University of Science
pp. 377-381
Character Recognition

Pattern Recognition by Distributed Coding: Test and Analysis of the Power Space Similarity Method (Abstract)

Takao Kobayashi , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
pp. 389-394

Application of Fuzzy Logic to Online Recognition of Handwritten Symbols (Abstract)

John A. Fitzgerald , University College Dublin
Franz Geiselbrechtinger , University College Dublin
Tahar Kechadi , University College Dublin
pp. 395-400

A Generic Approach for On-Line Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Sanparith Marukatat , Universit? Paris 6
Thierry Arti?res , Universit? Paris 6
Patrick Gallinari , Universit? Paris 6
pp. 401-406

Learning HMM Structure for On-Line Handwriting Modelization (Abstract)

Henri Binsztok , Universit? Paris VI
Thierry Arti?res , Universit? Paris VI
pp. 407-412

Diversity-Performance Relationship in a Handwriting Recognition System Based on Bit-Plane Decomposition (Abstract)

S. Chindaro , University of Kent
K. Sirlantzis , University of Kent
M. C. Fairhurst , University of Kent
S. Hoque , University of Kent
pp. 413-418

On the Choice of Training Set, Architecture and Combination Rule of Multiple MLP Classifiers for Multiresolution Recognition of Handwritten Characters (Abstract)

U. Bhattacharya , Indian Statistical Institute
S. Vajda , LORIA Research Center
A. Mallick , Indian Statistical Institute
B. B. Chaudhuri , Indian Statistical Institute
A. Belaid , LORIA Research Center
pp. 419-424
Asian Character Recognition

An Off-Line Recognition Method of Handwritten Primitive Manchu Characters Based on Strokes (Abstract)

Guang-yuan Zhang , Northeastern University and Shenyang University
Jing-jiao Li , Northeastern University
Rong-wei He , Liaoning archives Library
Ai-xia Wang , Northeastern University
pp. 432-437

Online Handwriting Recognition for Tamil (Abstract)

K. H. Aparna, , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
Vidhya Subramanian , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
M. Kasirajan , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
G. Vijay Prakash , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
V. S. Chakravarthy , Indian Institute of Technology - Chennai
Sriganesh Madhvanath , Hewlett-Packard India
pp. 438-443

Comparison of Elastic Matching Algorithms for Online Tamil Handwritten Character Recognition (Abstract)

Niranjan Joshi , Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore
G. Sita , Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore
A. G. Ramakrishnan , Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore
Sriganesh Madhvanath , Hewlett-Packard Labs
pp. 444-449

The Clustering Technique for Thai Handwritten Recognition (Abstract)

Ithipan Methasate , National Science and Technology Development Agency - Thailand
Sutat Sae-tang , National Science and Technology Development Agency - Thailand
pp. 450-454
Word Recognition and Linguistic Approaches

Stability Measure of Entropy Estimate and Its Application to Language Model Evaluation (Abstract)

Jahwan Kim , Korea Advanced Institute of Science Technology
Sungho Ryu , Korea Advanced Institute of Science Technology
Jin H. Kim , Korea Advanced Institute of Science Technology
pp. 456-461

Combination of Contextual Information for Handwritten Word Recognition (Abstract)

Guillaume Koch , Universit? de Rouen
Thierry Paquet , Universit? de Rouen
Laurent Heutte , Universit? de Rouen
pp. 468-473

Signature and Lexicon Pruning Techniques (Abstract)

Srinivas Palla , University at Buffalo
Hansheng Lei , University at Buffalo
Venu Govindaraju , University at Buffalo
pp. 474-478

Rejection Strategies for Handwritten Word Recognition (Abstract)

Alessandro L. Koerich , Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná
pp. 479-484

An Activation-Verification Model for On-Line Texts Recognition (Abstract)

Loïc Oudot , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
Lionel Prevost , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
Maurice Milgram , Laboratoire des Instruments et Systèmes déIle de France
pp. 485-490
Signature Verification and Writer Identification

The Repeatability of Signatures (Abstract)

R. M. Guest , University of Kent
pp. 492-497

An Off-Line Signature Verification Method Based on the Questioned Document Expert?s Approach and a Neural Network Classifier (Abstract)

Cesar Santos , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Edson J. R. Justino , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Fl?vio Bortolozzi , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
pp. 498-502

Selection of Points for On-Line Signature Comparison (Abstract)

M. Wirotius , Universit? de Tours
J.-Y. Ramel , Universit? de Tours
N. Vincent , Universit? Paris 5
pp. 503-508

An Effective Writer Verification Algorithm Using Negative Samples (Abstract)

Xianliang Wang , Tsinghua University
Xiaoqing Ding , Tsinghua University
pp. 509-603
Applications

Generation and Analysis of Handwriting Script with the Beta-Elliptic Model (Abstract)

Hala Bezine , National School of Engineers of Sfax
Adel M. Alimi , National School of Engineers of Sfax
Nasser Sherkat , School of Computing and Mathematics of Nottingham
pp. 515-520

Handwriting-Based Learning Materials on a Tablet PC: A Prototype and Its Practical Studies in an Elementary School (Abstract)

Naomi Iwayama , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Katsuhiko Akiyama , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Hiroshi Tanaka , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Hiroaki Tamura , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Kazushi Ishigaki , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
pp. 533-538

Handwritten Chinese Address Recognition (Abstract)

Chunheng Wang , Fujitsu R&D Center Co. Ltd.
Yoshinobu Hotta , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Misako Suwa , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Satoshi Naoi , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
pp. 539-544

A Search Method for On-Line Handwritten Text Employing Writing-Box-Free Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Hideto Oda , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Akihito Kitadai , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Motoki Onuma , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
pp. 545-550

Base Color Recognition by Tetragonal Regression for Overlapped Watercolors (Abstract)

Tomokazu Terai , Waseda University
Shinji Mizuno , Toyohashi University of Technology
Minoru Okada , Waseda University
pp. 551-556

PATRAM — A Handwritten Word Processor for Indian Languages (Abstract)

Kamesh Madduri , Indian Institute of Technology - Madras
K. H. Aparna , Indian Institute of Technology - Madras
V. S. Chakravarthy , Indian Institute of Technology - Madras
pp. 557-562

The WANDAML Markup Language for Digital Document Annotation (Abstract)

Katrin Franke , Fraunhofer Institute
Isabelle Guyon , ClopiNet
Lambert Schomaker , Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
Louis Vuurpijl , University of Nijmegen
pp. 563-568

Recognition and Grouping of Handwritten Text in Diagrams and Equations (Abstract)

Michael Shilman , Microsoft Research
Paul Viola , Microsoft Research
Kumar Chellapilla , Microsoft Research
pp. 569-574

Use of Chatroom Abbreviations and Shorthand Symbols in Pen Computing (Abstract)

William B. Huber , Pace University
Sung-Hyuk Cha , Pace University
Charles C. Tapper , Pace University
Vicki L. Hanson , IBM T. J. Watson Research Center
pp. 575-579

A System towards Indian Postal Automation (Abstract)

K. Roy , Indian Statistical Institute
S. Vajda , LORIA Research Center
U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
B. B. Chaudhuri , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 580-585

Verifying the UNIPEN Devset (Abstract)

Louis Vuurpijl , Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information
Ralph Niels , Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information
Merijn van Erp , Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information
Lambert Schomaker , University of Groningen
Eugene Ratzlaff , IBM Research
pp. 586-591

A Study on Decision Rule for Japanese Dictation Test (Abstract)

Meng Shi , Mie University
Wataru Ohyama , Mie University
Tetsushi Wakabayashi , Mie University
Fumitaka Kimura , Mie University
pp. 592-596

Mode Detection and Incremental Recognition (Abstract)

Stéphane Rossignol , University of Nijmegen
Don Willems , University of Nijmegen
Andre Neumann , University of Nijmegen
Louis Vuurpijl , University of Nijmegen
pp. 597-602
Author Index

Author Index (PDF)

pp. 603-605
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