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Ninth International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition (2002)
Ontario, Canada
Aug. 6, 2002 to Aug. 8, 2002
ISBN: 0-7695-1692-0
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction

Foreword (PDF)

pp. xi

Program Committee (PDF)

pp. xiii
Invited Talk
Classifier Design

A Fast Algorithm for Finding k-Nearest Neighbors with Non-Metric Dissimilarity (Abstract)

Bin Zhang , State University of New York at Buffalo
Sargur N. Srihari , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 13

Rejection Measures for Handwriting Sentence Recognition (Abstract)

B. Dorizzi , EPH, Institut National des Télécommunications
pp. 24

Confidence Modeling for Verification Post-Processing for Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

John F. Pitrelli , IBM T. J. Watson Research Center
Michael P. Perrone , IBM T. J. Watson Research Center
pp. 30

The Effect of Large Training Set Sizes on Online Japanese Kanji and English Cursive Recognizers (Abstract)

John Bennett , Microsoft Corporation
Manish Goyal , Microsoft Corporation
Henry A. Rowley , Microsoft Corporation
pp. 36

Classifying Isogenous Fields (Abstract)

Cheng-Lin Liu , Hitachi Central Research Laboratory
Hiromichi Fujisawa , Hitachi Central Research Laboratory
George Nagy , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Sriharsha Veeramachaneni , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
pp. 41
On-Line Recognition

On-Line Handwriting Recognition with Support Vector Machines — A Kernel Approach (Abstract)

Bernard Haasdonk , Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg
Hans Burkhardt , Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg
Claus Bahlmann , Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg
pp. 49

Handprinted Hiragana Recognition Using Support Vector Machines (Abstract)

Hidetoshi Miyao , Shinshu University
Ken-ichi Maruyama , Shinshu University
Minoru Maruyama , Shinshu University
Yasuaki Nakano , Shinshu University
pp. 55

On-Line Handwriting Recognition Using Character Bigram Match Vectors (Abstract)

Michael Perrone , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Adnan El-Nasan , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
pp. 67

Context-Dependent Substroke Model for HMM-Based On-Line Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Mitsuru Nakai , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Shigeki Matsuda , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Junko Tokuno , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Hiroshi Shimodaira , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Nobuhito Inami , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Shigeki Sagayama , University of Tokyo
pp. 78

Comparing On-Line Recognition of Japanese and Western Script in Preparation for Recognizing Multi-Language Documents (Abstract)

M. Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology
S. Jaeger , Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology
C.-L. Liu , Hitachi Ltd.
pp. 84
Word Recognition

A Hybrid Large Vocabulary Handwritten Word Recognition System Using Neural Networks with Hidden Markov Models (Abstract)

Alessandro L. Koerich , École de Technologie Supérieure
Robert Sabourin , École de Technologie Supérieure
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
Yann Leydier , I.N.S.A. de Lyon
pp. 99

Segmentation and Recognition of Handwritten Dates (Abstract)

M. Morita , Ecole de Technologie Supérieure and Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
R. Sabourin , Ecole de Technologie Supérieure and Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
F. Bortolozzi , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
C. Y. Suen , Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
pp. 105

Recognition of Handwritten Month Words on Bank Cheques (Abstract)

Jin Ho Kim , Kyungil University
Qizhi Xu , Concordia University
Louisa Lam , Hong Kong Institute of Education
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 111

Handwritten document retrieval (Abstract)

G. Russell , Pen Technol. Group, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Hawthorne, NY, USA
M.P. Perrone , Pen Technol. Group, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Hawthorne, NY, USA
Yi-min Chee , Pen Technol. Group, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Hawthorne, NY, USA
A. Aiman Ziq , Pen Technol. Group, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Hawthorne, NY, USA
pp. 233-238
Word Recognition

Incorporating Contextual Character Geometry in Word Recognition (Abstract)

Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo
Hanhong Xue , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 123

Combination of Local and Global Vision Modelling for Arabic Handwritten Words Recognition (Abstract)

Ch. Choisy , LORIA-CNRS
A. Belaïd , LORIA-CNRS
S. Snoussi Maddouri , National Engineering School of Tunis
H. Amiri , National Engineering School of Tunis
pp. 128
Learning Methods

Genetical Engineering of Handwriting Representations (Abstract)

Christian Gagné , Université Laval
Marc Parizeau , Université Laval
Alexandre Lemieux , Université Laval
pp. 145

A Comparative Study on Mirror Image Learning and ALSM (Abstract)

Tetsushi Wakabayashi , Mie University
Wataru Ohyama , Mie University
Fumitaka Kimura , Mie University
Meng Shi , Mie University
pp. 151

Learning-based Cursive Handwriting Synthesis (Abstract)

Heung-Yeung Shum , Microsoft Research Asia
Jue Wang , Microsoft Research Asia and Tsinghua University
Liang Ji , Tsinghua University
Ying-Qing Xu , Microsoft Research Asia
Chenyu Wu , Microsoft Research Asia and Tsinghua University
pp. 157

A Learning Algorithm for Structured Character Pattern Representation Ysed in On-Line Recognition of Handwritten Japanese Characters (Abstract)

M. Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
A. Kitadai , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
pp. 163

Hybrid Adaptation: Integration of Adaptive Classification with Adaptive Context Processing (Abstract)

Naomi Iwayama , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Kazushi Ishigaki , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Katsuhiko Akiyama , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
pp. 169
Multiple Classifiers

A New Warping Technique for Normalizing Likelihood of Multiple Classifiers and Its Effectiveness in Combined On-line/Off-line Japanese Character Recognition (Abstract)

Ondřej Velek , Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology
Stefan Jaeger , Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology
pp. 177

Class-Confidence Critic Combining (Abstract)

Erkki Oja , Helsinki University of Technology
Matti Aksela , Helsinki University of Technology
Jorma Laaksonen , Helsinki University of Technology
Ramūnas Girdziušas , Helsinki University of Technology
pp. 201

Bit Plane Decomposition and the Scanning n-tuple Classifier (Abstract)

K. Sirlantzis , University of Kent
M. C. Fairhurst , University of Kent
S. Hoque , University of Kent
pp. 207
Pen Computing and Document Applications

Vind(x): Using the User through Cooperative Annotation (Abstract)

Louis Vuurpijl , NICI and University of Nijmegen
Lambert Schomaker , RUG and University of Groningen
pp. 221

Stroke Level HMMs for On-Line Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

P. Gallinari , Universit? Paris 6
T. Artières , Universit? Paris 6
pp. 227

Handwritten Document Retrieval (Abstract)

Gregory Russell , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Michael P. Perrone , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Yi-min Chee , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Aiman Ziq , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
pp. 233

Extraction of Place-Name from Natural Scenes (Abstract)

Yasuaki Nakano , Shinshu University
Takuma Yamaguchi , Shinshu University
pp. 239

Separating Text and Background in Degraded Document Images — A Comparison of Global Threshholding Techniques for Multi-Stage Threshholding (Abstract)

Anish Patankar , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition
Saket Varma , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition
Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University
Venu Govindarayu , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition
pp. 244
Signature Verification and Writer Identification

Analysis of Stability in Hand-Written Dynamic Signatures (Abstract)

R. Modugno , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
G. Dimauro , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
S. Impedovo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
G. Pirlo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
L. Sarcinella , Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per l?Informatica
pp. 259

Automatic Detection of Handwriting Forgery (Abstract)

Charles C. Tappert , Pace University
Sung-Hyuk Cha , Pace University
pp. 264

Ink Texture Analysis for Writer Identification (Abstract)

Katrin Franke , Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology
Thorsten Sy , Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology
Ottmar Bünnemeyer , Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology
pp. 268

Writer Identification By Writer?s Invariants (Abstract)

Thierry Paquet , Universit? de Rouen
Ameur Bensefia , Universit? de Rouen
Laurent Heutte , Universit? de Rouen
Ali Nosary , Universit? de Rouen
pp. 274

Automatic Handwriting Recognition and Writer Matching on Anthrax-Related Handwritten Mail (Abstract)

Sangjik Lee , State University of New York at Buffalo
Sargur N. Srihari , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 280
Off-Line Recognition

Writer Adaptation Techniques in Off-Line Cursive Word Recognition (Abstract)

Samy Bengio , Institut Dalle Molle d?Intelligence Artificielle Perceptive
Alessandro Vinciarelli , Institut Dalle Molle d?Intelligence Artificielle Perceptive
pp. 287

Empirical Error based Optimization of SVM Kernels: Application to Digit Image Recognition (Abstract)

C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
M. Cheriet , École de Technologie Supérieure
N. E. Ayat , École de Technologie Supérieure and Concordia University
pp. 292

Script and Nature Differentiation for Arabic and Latin Text Images (Abstract)

Yves LeCourtier , University of Rouen
Adellatif Ennaji , University of Rouen
Adel M. Alimi , University of Sfax
Slim Kanoun , University of Rouen
pp. 309

Dynamic Observations and Dynamic State Termination for Off-Line Handwritten Word Recognition Using HMM (Abstract)

C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
M. Cheriet , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure and University of Qu?bec
Y. Al-Ohali , Concordia University
pp. 314

Handwritten Digit Recognition Using State-of-the-Art Techniques (Abstract)

Hiromichi Fujisawa , Hitachi, Ltd.
Kazuki Nakashima , Hitachi, Ltd.
Hiroshi Sako , Hitachi, Ltd.
Cheng-Lin Liu , Hitachi, Ltd.
pp. 320
Posters 1

An On-Line Signature Verification System Using Hidden Markov Model in Polar Space (Abstract)

H. S. Yang , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
J. Y. Lee , Computer Software Technology Laboratory
H. S. Yoon , Computer Software Technology Laboratory and Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
pp. 329

A Study On the Use of CDHMM for Large Vocabulary Offline Recognition of Handwritten Chinese Characters (Abstract)

Yong Ge , University of Science and Technology of China
Qiang Huo , University of Hong Kong
pp. 334

Clustering Writing Styles with a Self-Organizing Map (Abstract)

Vuokko Vuori , Helsinki University of Technology
pp. 345

Detecting Dominant Point on On-line Scripts with a Simple Approach (Abstract)

Guozhong Dai , Northwestern Polytechnical University
Su Yang , Northwestern Polytechnical University
pp. 351

Handwritten Address Recognition with Open Vocabulary Using Character N-Grams (Abstract)

Jörg Rottland , Siemens Dematic AG
Anja Brakensiek , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Gerhard Rigoll , Technical University of Munich
pp. 357

Handwritten Text Recognition Through Writer Adaptation (Abstract)

Laurent Heutte , Universit? de Rouen
Thierry Paquet , Universit? de Rouen
Ameur Bensefia , Universit? de Rouen
Ali Nosary , Universit? de Rouen
pp. 363

Hidden Loop Recovery for Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Tal Steinherz , Tel-Aviv University
David Doermann , University of Maryland at College Park
Nathan Intrator , Tel-Aviv University
Ehud Rivlin , Technion
pp. 375

Affine Alignment for Stroke Classification (Abstract)

Alberto Ruiz , University of Murcia
pp. 381
Posters 2

Linguistic Integration Information in the AABATAS Arabic Text Analysis System (Abstract)

Adel M. Alimi , University of Sfax
Adellatif Ennaji , University of Rouen
Slim Kanoun , University of Rouen
Yves LeCourtier , University of Rouen
pp. 389

Medical Word Recognition Using a Computational Semantic Lexicon (Abstract)

Robert Milewski , State University of New York at Buffalo
Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 401

A Segmentation System for Touching Handwritten Japanese Characters (Abstract)

Teruyuki Yamaguchi , Mie University
Hisao Ogata , Hitachi Ltd.
Eiji Makimoto , Hitachi Ltd.
Tsuyoshi Shinogi , Mie University
Malayappan Shridhar , University of Michigan-Dearborn
Tomohiro Yoshikawa , Mie University
Shinji Tsuruoka , Mie University
pp. 407

Automated Assessment: How Confident Are We? (Abstract)

Jonathan Allan , Nottingham Trent University
Tony Allen , Nottingham Trent University
Nasser Sherkat , Nottingham Trent University
pp. 419

Signature Verification: Benefits of Multiple Tries (Abstract)

Winston Nelson , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies
Ramanujan Kashi , Avaya Labs Research
pp. 424

Writers Authentication and Fractal Compression (Abstract)

Pr. N. Vincent , Universit? de Tours
A. Seropian , Universit? de Toulon et du Var
pp. 434

Continuous Approach to Segmentation of Handwritten Text (Abstract)

I. A. Reyer , Russian Academy of Sciences
L. M. Mestetskii , Tver State University
T. W. Sederberg , Brigham Young University
pp. 440

Feature Sets Evaluation for Handwritten Word Recognition (Abstract)

Cinthia O. de A. Freitas , Pont?ficia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?
José J. de Oliveira Jr. , Federal University of Paraiba
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure
João M. de Carvalho , Federal University of Paraiba
pp. 446

Off-Line Handwritten Arabic Character Segmentation Algorithm: ACSA (Abstract)

Mokhtar Sellami , Universit? Badji Mokhtar - Annaba
Labiba Souici , Universit? Badji Mokhtar - Annaba
Toufik Sari , Universit? Badji Mokhtar - Annaba
pp. 452
Posters 3

MOrpho-LEXical Analysis for Correcting OCR-Generated Arabic Words (MOLEX) (Abstract)

Mokhtar Sellami , Universit? Badji Mokhtar - Annaba
Toufik Sari , Universit? Badji Mokhtar - Annaba
pp. 461

Baseline Estimation For Arabic Handwritten Words (Abstract)

M. Pechwitz , Technical University Braunschweig
V. Märgner , Technical University Braunschweig
pp. 479

A Data Base for Arabic Handwritten Text Recognition Research (Abstract)

Dave Elliman , University of Nottingham
Colin A. Higgins , University of Nottingham
Somaya Al-Ma?adeed , University of Nottingham
pp. 485

On-Line Recognition of Handwritten Arabic Characters Using a Kohonen Neural Network (Abstract)

Mohamed Cheriet , École de Technologie Supérieure
Amar Mitiche , INRS-Telecommunication
Neila Mezghani , INRS-Telecommunication
pp. 490

Separation of Toching and Overlapping Words in Adjacent Lines of Handwritten Text (Abstract)

Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University
Kalyan Takru , Nanyang Technological University
pp. 496

Confident Assessment of Children's Handwritten Responses (Abstract)

Tony Allen , Nottingham Trent University
Nasser Sherkat , Nottingham Trent University
Jonathan Allan , Nottingham Trent University
pp. 508

Impact of Lexicon Completeness on City Name Recognition (Abstract)

M. Shridhar , University Michigan-Dearborn
F. Kimura , Mie University
Gilles F. Houle , Computer Sciences Corporation
Bart Truijen , Computer Sciences Corporation
pp. 513

A New Database for Research on Bank-Check Processing (Abstract)

G. Dimauro , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
G. Pirlo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
S. Impedovo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
R. Modugno , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
pp. 524
Author Index

Author Index (PDF)

pp. 529
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