2018 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS) (2018)
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
May 21, 2018 to May 25, 2018
This paper addresses the problem of self-tuning the parallelism degree in Transactional Memory (TM) systems that support parallel nesting (PN-TM). This problem has been long investigated for TMs not supporting nesting, but, to the best of our knowledge, has never been studied in the context of PN-TMs. Indeed, the problem complexity is inherently exacerbated in PN-TMs, since these require to identify the optimal parallelism degree not only for top-level transactions but also for nested sub-transactions. The increase of the problem dimensionality raises new challenges (e.g., increase of the search space, and proneness to suffer from local maxima), which are unsatisfactorily addressed by self-tuning solutions conceived for flat nesting TMs. We tackle these challenges by proposing AUTOPN, an on-line self-tuning system that combines model-driven learning techniques with localized search heuristics in order to pursue a twofold goal: i) enhance convergence speed by identifying the most promising region of the search space via model-driven techniques, while ii) increasing robustness against modeling errors, via a final local search phase aimed at refining the model's prediction. We further address the problem of tuning the duration of the monitoring windows used to collect feedback on the system's performance, by introducing novel, domain-specific, mechanisms aimed to strike an optimal trade-off between latency and accuracy of the self-tuning process. We integrated AUTOPN with a state of the art PN-TM (JVSTM) and evaluated it via an extensive experimental study. The results of this study highlight that AUTOPN can achieve gains of up to 45× in terms of increased accuracy and 4× faster convergence speed, when compared with several on-line optimization techniques (gradient descent, simulated annealing and genetic algorithm), some of which were already successfully used in the context of flat nesting TMs.
genetic algorithms, gradient methods, learning (artificial intelligence), search problems, self-adjusting systems, simulated annealing, transaction processing
J. Zeng, P. Romano, J. Barreto, L. Rodrigues and S. Haridi, "Online Tuning of Parallelism Degree in Parallel Nesting Transactional Memory," 2018 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 2018, pp. 474-483.