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Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, International (2011)
Anchorage, Alaska USA
May 16, 2011 to May 20, 2011
ISSN: 1530-2075
ISBN: 978-0-7695-4385-7
pp: 345-351
We consider a 3D antenna orientation problem for maintaining connectivity of a wireless network in 3D space using only directional antennae. Sensors are located at points in 3D space and are equipped with directional antennae. The {\em strong connectivity antenna orientation problem} is concerned with deciding whether or not for given solid angle $\Omega$ and range $r$ it is possible to orient the antennae so as to ensure that the sensor network resulting from the induced transmissions is strongly connected. In this paper we 1) present an algorithm ensuring optimal antenna range for the case when $\Omega \geq \frac{18\pi}{5}$, 2) show that determining whether or not there exists a strong orientation of directional sensors of solid angle $\Omega 0$, and 3) provide an algorithm for approximating the antennae range so as to ensure strong connectivity of the resulting graph, provided the solid angle of the antennae is $2\pi \leq \Omega

O. Morales-Ponce, A. Modi, E. Kranakis and D. Krizanc, "Connectivity Trade-offs in 3D Wireless Sensor Networks Using Directional Antennae," 25th IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS 2011)(IPDPS), Anchorage, AK, 2011, pp. 345-351.
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