2013 International Green Computing Conference Proceedings (2013)
Arlington, VA, USA
June 27, 2013 to June 29, 2013
Sean Barker , University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
Sandeep Kalra , University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
David Irwin , University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
Prashant Shenoy , University of Massachusetts Amherst, USA
Smart meter deployments are spurring renewed interest in analysis techniques for electricity usage data. An important prerequisite for data analysis is characterizing and modeling how electrical loads use power. While prior work has made significant progress in deriving insights from electricity data, one issue that limits accuracy is the use of general and often simplistic load models. Prior models often associate a fixed power level with an “on” state and either no power, or some minimal amount, with an “off” state. This paper's goal is to develop a new methodology for modeling electric loads that is both simple and accurate. Our approach is empirical in nature: we monitor a wide variety of common loads to distill a small number of common usage characteristics, which we leverage to construct accurate load-specific models. We show that our models are significantly more accurate than binary on-off models, decreasing the root mean square error by as much as 8X for representative loads. Finally, we demonstrate two example uses of our models in data analysis: i) generating device-accurate synthetic traces of building electricity usage, and ii) filtering out loads that generate rapid and random power variations in building electricity data.
Load modeling, Electricity, Buildings, Hidden Markov models, Data models, TV, Sensors
S. Barker, S. Kalra, D. Irwin and P. Shenoy, "Empirical characterization and modeling of electrical loads in smart homes," 2013 International Green Computing Conference Proceedings(IGCC), Arlington, VA, USA USA, 2013, pp. 1-10.