2014 IEEE Seventh International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation (ICST) (2014)
Cleveland, OH, USA
March 31, 2014 to April 4, 2014
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/ICST.2014.44
Embedded systems tend to be interrupt-driven, yet the presence of interrupts can affect system dependability because there can be delays in servicing interrupts. Such delays can occur when multiple interrupt service routines and interrupts of different priorities compete for resources on a given CPU. For this reason, researchers have sought approaches by which to estimate worst-case interrupt latencies (WCILs) for systems. Most existing approaches, however, are based on static analysis. In this paper, we present SIMLATTE, a testing-based approach for finding WCILs. SIMLATTE uses a genetic algorithm for test case generation that converges on a set of inputs and interrupt arrival points that are likely to expose WCILs. It also uses an opportunistic interrupt invocation approach to invoke interrupts at a variety of feasible locations. Our evaluation of SIMLATTE on several non-trivial embedded systems reveals that it is considerably more effective and efficient than random testing. We also determine that the combination of the genetic algorithm and opportunistic interrupt invocation allows SIMLATTE to perform better than it can when using either one in isolation.
Genetic Algorithm, Testing, Embedded Software, Interrupt Latencies
T. Yu, W. Srisa-an, M. B. Cohen and G. Rothermel, "SimLatte: A Framework to Support Testing for Worst-Case Interrupt Latencies in Embedded Software," 2014 IEEE Seventh International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation (ICST), Cleveland, OH, USA, 2014, pp. 313-322.