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2018 24th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR) (2018)
Beijing, China
Aug. 20, 2018 to Aug. 24, 2018
ISSN: 1051-4651
ISBN: 978-1-5386-3789-0
pp: 1030-1035
Lixin Cui , Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China
Lu Bai , Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China
Luca Rossi , School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Birmingham, B4 7ET, UK
Yue Wang , Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China
Yuhang Jiao , Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China
Edwin R. Hancock , Department of Computer Science, University of York, York, YO105DD, UK
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we develop a new deep hybrid graph kernel. This is based on the depth-based matching kernel [1] and the Weisfeiler-Lehman subtree kernel [2], by jointly computing a basic deep kernel that simultaneously captures the relationship between the combined kernels through deep learning networks. Specifically, for a set of graphs under investigations, we commence by computing two kernel matrices using each of the separate kernels. With the two kernel matrices to hand, for each graph we use the kernel value between the graph and each of the training graphs as the graph characterisation vector. This vector can be seen as a kernel-based similarity embedding vector of the graph [3]. We use the embedding vectors of all graphs to train a deep auto encoder network, that is optimized using Stochastic Gradient Descent together with the Deep Belief Network for pretraining. The deep representation computed through the deep learning network captures the main relationship between the depth-based matching kernel and the Weisfeiler-Lehman subtree kernel. The resulting deep hybrid graph kernel is computed by summing the original kernels together with the dot product kernel between their deep representations. We show that the deep hybrid graph kernel not only captures the joint information between the associated depth-based matching and Weisfeiler-Lehman subtree kernels, but also reflects the information content over all graphs under investigations. Experimental evaluations demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed kernel.
INDEX TERMS
Kernel, Decoding, Training, Tools, Convolution, Reliability
CITATION

L. Cui, L. Bai, L. Rossi, Y. Wang, Y. Jiao and E. R. Hancock, "A Deep Hybrid Graph Kernel Through Deep Learning Networks," 2018 24th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), Beijing, China, 2018, pp. 1030-1035.
doi:10.1109/ICPR.2018.8546034
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