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2013 42nd International Conference on Parallel Processing (2013)
Lyon France
Oct. 1, 2013 to Oct. 4, 2013
ISSN: 0190-3918
pp: 330-338
Zain-ul-Abdin , Centre for Res. on Embedded Syst. (CERES), Halmstad Univ., Halmstad, Sweden
Anders Ahlander , Saab AB, Gothenburg, Sweden
Bertil Svensson , Centre for Res. on Embedded Syst. (CERES), Halmstad Univ., Halmstad, Sweden
The next generation radar systems have high performance demands on the signal processing chain. Examples include the advanced image creating sensor systems in which complex calculations are to be performed on huge sets of data in real time. Many core architectures are gaining attention as a means to overcome the computational requirements of the complex radar signal processing by exploiting massive parallelism inherent in the algorithms in an energy efficient manner. In this paper, we evaluate a many core architecture, namely a 16-core Epiphany processor, by implementing two significantly large case studies, viz. an auto focus criterion calculation and the fast factorized back-projection algorithm, both key components in modern synthetic aperture radar systems. The implementation results from the two case studies are compared on the basis of achieved performance and programmability. One of the Epiphany implementations demonstrates the usefulness of the architecture for the streaming based algorithm (the auto focus criterion calculation) by achieving a speedup of 8.9x over a sequential implementation on a state-of-the-art general-purpose processor of a later silicon technology generation and operating at a 2.7x higher clock speed. On the other case study, a highly memory-intensive algorithm (fast factorized back projection), the Epiphany architecture shows a speedup of 4.25x. For embedded signal processing, low power dissipation is equally important as computational performance. In our case studies, the Epiphany implementations of the two algorithms are, respectively, 78x and 38x more energy efficient.
Signal processing algorithms, Computer architecture, Synthetic aperture radar, Parallel processing, Radar imaging, Image resolution

Zain-ul-Abdin, A. Ahlander and B. Svensson, "Energy-Efficient Synthetic-Aperture Radar Processing on a Manycore Architecture," 2013 42nd International Conference on Parallel Processing(ICPP), Lyon France, 2014, pp. 330-338.
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