MEMS, NANO, and Smart Systems, International Conference on (2005)
Banff, Alberta, Canada
July 24, 2005 to July 27, 2005
Hideki Hasegawa , Research Center for Integrated Quantum Electronics, and Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, 060-8628 Japan
Seiya Kasai , Research Center for Integrated Quantum Electronics, and Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, 060-8628 Japan
<p>Recent revolutionary progress of the internet and wireless technologies has created a concept of the "ubiquitous network society" for the new century. Rapid progresses are also being made in MEMS technology, nanotechnology and biotechnology. Evolution of all these technologies are producing new "off-roadmap" trends for semiconductor device research in addition to the main-stream Si CMOS technology. The new device trends include trends toward the quantum nanotechnology, toward use of new materials (group-III nitrides, spin materials, ZnO, organics, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) etc.), toward realization of new functions such as sensors and actuators, and use of new system architectures such as neural networks, cellular automata, reaction-diffusion dynamics etc. and toward formation of new wireless networks such as those including smart dusts, RFID (radio frequency identification) chips and sensor networks.</p> <p>As a possible application of quantum devices for the ubiquitous network society environments, this paper presents and discusses a new smart chip called an intelligent quantum (IQ) chip. An IQ chip is a III-V semiconductor chip with sizes of millimeter square or below where nanometer scale quantum processors and memories are integrated on chip with capabilities of wireless communication, wireless power supply and various sensing functions. It is an attempt to endow "more intelligence" than simple identification (ID) like in RFID chips to semiconductor chips so that they can be utilized as versatile tiny "knowledge vehicles" to be embedded anywhere in the society, or even within the bodies of human beings and other living species. A key issue to realize IQ chips is the power consumption of processor/memory parts which increases as one tries to endow more intelligence. The power density of the current Si CMOS technology is too high. On the other hand, the energy-delay time product of a quantum device, which has the dimension of physical quantity of "action", can, in principle, be reduced down to the Planck?s constant, h, which is the action quantum. Thus, use of quantum devices should</p>
S. Kasai and H. Hasegawa, "III-V Compound Semiconductor Nanotechnology for Smart Systems," MEMS, NANO, and Smart Systems, International Conference on(ICMENS), Banff, Alberta, Canada, 2005, pp. 399.