2003 International Conference on Multimedia and Expo. ICME '03. Proceedings (Cat. No.03TH8698) (2003)
Baltimore, MD, USA
July 6, 2003 to July 9, 2003
Ser-Nam Lim , Comput. Vision Lab., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
A. Elgammal , Comput. Vision Lab., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
L.S. Davis , Comput. Vision Lab., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
In automated surveillance systems with multiple cameras, the system must be able to position the cameras accurately. Each camera must be able to pan-tilt such that an object detected in the scene is in a vantage position in the camera's image plane and subsequently capture images of that object. Typically, camera calibration is required. We propose an approach that uses only image-based information. Each camera is assigned a pan-tilt zero-position. Position of an object detected in one camera is related to the other cameras by homographies between the zero-positions while different pan-tilt positions of the same camera are related in the form of projective rotations. We then derive that the trajectories in the image plane corresponding to these projective rotations are approximately circular for pan and linear for tilt. The camera control technique is subsequently tested in a working prototype.
S. Lim, L. Davis and A. Elgammal, "Image-based pan-tilt camera control in a multi-camera surveillance environment," 2003 International Conference on Multimedia and Expo. ICME '03. Proceedings (Cat. No.03TH8698)(ICME), Baltimore, MD, USA, 2003, pp. 645-648.