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2017 IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics (ICHI) (2017)
Park City, Utah, USA
Aug. 23, 2017 to Aug. 26, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-5090-4881-6
pp: 134-143
ABSTRACT
Prophylactic interventions such as vaccine allocation are one of the most effective public health policy planning tools. The supply of vaccines is limited, and an importantproblem is when and how to allocate the available vaccination supply, referred to as the Vaccine Allocation Problem. The spread of epidemics is modeled by the SEIR process, which has a very complex dynamics, and depends on human contacts and mobility. This makes the design of efficient solutions tovaccine allocation problem to minimize the number of infections a very challenging problem. In particular, this requires good models for human mobility, and optimization tools for vaccine allocation.In this paper, we study the vaccine allocation problem in the context of seasonal Influenza spread inthe United States. We develop a novel national scale flu model that integrate both short andlong distance travel, which are known to be important determinants of the spread of Influenza. We also design a greedy algorithm for allocating the vaccine supply at a county level. Our results show significant improvement over the current baseline, whichinvolves allocating vaccines based on the state population.
INDEX TERMS
Vaccines, Resource management, Diseases, Atmospheric modeling, Mathematical model, Sociology, Statistics
CITATION

S. Venkatramanan et al., "Spatio-Temporal Optimization of Seasonal Vaccination Using a Metapopulation Model of Influenza," 2017 IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics (ICHI), Park City, Utah, USA, 2017, pp. 134-143.
doi:10.1109/ICHI.2017.83
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