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2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Data Mining Workshops (2009)
Miami, Florida, USA
Dec. 6, 2009 to Dec. 6, 2009
ISBN: 978-0-7695-3902-7
pp: 25-30
It is now widely accepted that in many situations where classifiers are deployed, adversaries deliberately manipulate data in order to reduce the classifier’s accuracy. The most prominent example is email spam, where spammers routinely modify emails to get past classifier-based spam filters. In this paper we model the interaction between the adversary and the data miner as a two-person sequential noncooperative Stackelberg game and analyze the outcomes when there is a natural leader and a follower. We then proceed to model the interaction (both discrete and continuous) as an optimization problem and note that even solving linear Stackelberg game is NP-Hard. Finally we use a real spam email data set and evaluate the performance of local search algorithm under different strategy spaces.
Wei Liu, Sanjay Chawla, "A Game Theoretical Model for Adversarial Learning", 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Data Mining Workshops, vol. 00, no. , pp. 25-30, 2009, doi:10.1109/ICDMW.2009.9
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