2010 IEEE 26th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE 2010) (2010)
Long Beach, CA, USA
Mar. 1, 2010 to Mar. 6, 2010
Liang Jeff Chen , Department of Computer Science and Engineering , UCSD, La Jolla, CA, US
Yannis Papakonstantinou , Department of Computer Science and Engineering , UCSD, La Jolla, CA, US
Keyword search is considered to be an effective information discovery method for both structured and semi-structured data. In XML keyword search, query semantics is based on the concept of Lowest Common Ancestor (LCA). However, naive LCA-based semantics leads to exponential computation and result size. In the literature, LCA-based semantic variants (e.g., ELCA and SLCA) were proposed, which define a subset of all the LCAs as the results. While most existing work focuses on algorithmic efficiency, top-K processing for XML keyword search is an important issue that has received very little attention. Existing algorithms focusing on efficiency are designed to optimize the semantic pruning and are incapable of supporting top-K processing. On the other hand, straightforward applications of top-K techniques from other areas (e.g., relational databases) generate LCAs that may not be the results and unnecessarily expand efforts in the semantic pruning. In this paper, we propose a series of join-based algorithms that combine the semantic pruning and the top-K processing to support top-K keyword search in XML databases. The algorithms essentially reduce the keyword query evaluation to relational joins, and incorporate the idea of the top-K join from relational databases. Extensive experimental evaluations show the performance advantages of our algorithms.
Y. Papakonstantinou and L. J. Chen, "Supporting top-K keyword search in XML databases," 2010 IEEE 26th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE 2010)(ICDE), Long Beach, CA, USA, 2010, pp. 689-700.