The Community for Technology Leaders
2013 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (2005)
Seoul, Korea
Aug. 31, 2005 to Sept. 1, 2005
ISSN: 1520-5263
ISBN: 0-7695-2420-6
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover
Introduction

Preface (PDF)

pp. xxi

Reviewers (PDF)

pp. xxv
Keynote

From Humans to Handwriting to Computer and Back (PDF)

Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University,Quebec, Canada
pp. 2
Handwriting Recognition 1

On Binary Similarity Measures for Handwritten Character Recognition (Abstract)

Sungsoo Yoon , Pace University,Pleasantville, NY
Charles C. Tappert , Pace University,Pleasantville, NY
Sung-Hyuk Cha , Pace University,Pleasantville, NY
pp. 4-8

Fast Script Word Recognition with Very Large Vocabulary (Abstract)

Marc-Peter Schambach , Siemens AG, Logistics and Assembly Systems,Germany
pp. 9-13

The Recognition Graph - Language Independent Adaptable On-line Cursive Script Recognition (Abstract)

Christer Friberg , Zi Decuma AB, Lund, Sweden
Jakob Sternby , Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Lund, Sweden
pp. 14-18
On-line Handwriting Recognition

Mode detection in on-line pen drawing and handwriting recognition (Abstract)

Louis Vuurpijl , Radboud University Nijmege, Netherlands
Don Willems , Radboud University Nijmege, Netherlands
Stephane Rossignol , Radboud University Nijmege, Netherlands
pp. 31-35

Online Character Recognition Based on Elastic Matching and Quadratic Discrimination (Abstract)

Hiroto Mitoma , Kyushu University, Japan
Hiroaki Sakoe , Kyushu University, Japan
Seiichi Uchida , Kyushu University, Japan
pp. 36-40

Estimating the Pen Trajectories of Multi-Path Static Scripts Using Hidden Markov Models (Abstract)

B. M. Herbst , University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
J. A. Du Preez , University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
E. Nel , University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
pp. 41-47
Historical Document Processing 1

Semantics-Based Content Extraction in Typewritten Historical Documents (Abstract)

A. Antonacopoulos , University of Salford, United Kingdom
D. Karatzas , University of Salford, United Kingdom
pp. 48-53

A Segmentation-free Approach for Keyword Search in Historical Typewritten Documents (Abstract)

T. Konidaris , Institute of Informatics and Telecomunications, Athens, Greece
B. Gatos , Institute of Informatics and Telecomunications, Athens, Greece
S.J. Perantonis , Institute of Informatics and Telecomunications, Athens, Greece
I. Pratikakis , Institute of Informatics and Telecomunications, Athens, Greece
K. Ntzios , Institute of Informatics and Telecomunications, Athens, Greece
pp. 54-58

Biological inspired Tools for Patrimonial Handwriting Denoising and Categorization (Abstract)

Veronique EGLIN , LIRIS UMR 5205 INSA Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France
Hubert EMPTOZ , LIRIS UMR 5205 INSA Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France
Carlos RIVERO , LIRIS UMR 5205 INSA Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France
Stephane BRES , LIRIS UMR 5205 INSA Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France
pp. 59-63

An Old Greek Handwritten OCR System (Abstract)

B. Gatos , Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications, Athens, Greece
T. Konidaris , Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications, Athens, Greece
S. J. Perantonis , Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications, Athens, Greece
I. Pratikakis , Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications, Athens, Greece
K. Ntzios , Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications, Athens, Greece
pp. 64-69
Competitions

Arabic Handwriting Recognition Competition (Abstract)

V. Margner , Institute for Communications Technology, Germany
H. El Abed , Institute for Communications Technology, Germany
M. Pechwitz , Institute for Communications Technology, Germany
pp. 70-74

Page Segmentation Competition (Abstract)

A. Antonacopoulos , University of Salford, Manchester, UK
B. Gatos , Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications, Athens, Greece
D. Bridson , University of Salford, Manchester, UK
pp. 75-79

Text Locating Competition Results (Abstract)

Simon M. Lucas , University of Essex, Colchester, UK
pp. 80-85
Poster Session 1

Active Document Layout Synthesis (Abstract)

Xiaofan Lin , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Palo Alto
pp. 86-90

Hardware Design of On-Line Jawi Character Recognition Chip using Discrete Wavelet Transform (Abstract)

Y Mashkuri , University of Malaya, Malaysia
S Rosli. , University of Malaya, Malaysia
R Zaidi , University of Malaya, Malaysia
pp. 91-95

Financial Document Image Coding with Regions of Interest Using JPEG2000 (Abstract)

Zhi Han , Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Chang-Ping Liu , Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
Xu-Cheng Yin , Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
pp. 96-100

Markov Random Fields for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition (Abstract)

Jia Zeng , City University of Hong Kong
Zhi-Qiang Liu , City University of Hong Kong
pp. 101-105

Caption Localisation in Video Sequences by Fusion of Multiple Detectors (Abstract)

Nicole Vincent , CRIP5, University of Paris V, France
S?bastien Lefevre , LSIIT, University of Strasbourg I, France
pp. 106-110

A two-stage handwritten character segmentation approach in mail address recognition (Abstract)

Chang-Ping Liu , Automation. Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Xu-Cheng Yin , Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Zhi Han , Automation. Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
pp. 111-115

Page Segmentation for Manhattan and Non-Manhattan Layout Documents via Selective CRLA (Abstract)

Hung-Ming Sun , Kainan University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, R.O.C.
pp. 116-120

Gabor Feature Extraction for Character Recognition: Comparison with Gradient Feature (Abstract)

Cheng-Lin Liu , Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd.
Hiromichi Fujisawa , Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd.
Masashi Koga , Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd.
pp. 121-125

A Form Dropout Method based on Line-elimination and Image-subtraction (Abstract)

Hiroshi Ohya , Faculty of Informatics, Meisei University
Yoshihiro Shima , Physical Sciences and Engineering, Meisei University
Michio Yasuda , Faculty of Informatics, Meisei University
pp. 126-130

ImprovingWriter Identification by Means of Feature Selection and Extraction (Abstract)

Andreas Schlapbach , University of Bern, Switzerland
Vivian Kilchherr , University of Bern, Switzerland
Horst Bunke , University of Bern, Switzerland
pp. 131-135

Hybrid Feature Extraction and Feature Selection for Improving Recognition Accuracy of Handwritten Numerals (Abstract)

P. Zhang , Concordia University, Quebec, Canada
T. D. Bui , Concordia University, Quebec, Canada
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University, Quebec, Canada
pp. 136-140

Recognition of Indian Multi-oriented and Curved Text (Abstract)

N. Tripathy , CVPR Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, India
U. Pal , CVPR Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, India
pp. 141-145

Can Fractal Dimension Be Used In Font Classification (Abstract)

M.A Alimi , Havre University, Quai Frissar, France
S. Ben Moussa , University of Sfax. REGIM, ENIS, BPW 3038 Sfax, Tunisia
A. Zahour , University of Sfax. REGIM, ENIS, BPW 3038 Sfax, Tunisia
A. Benabdelhafid , Havre University, Quai Frissar, France
pp. 146-150

A New Moments based Skew Estimation Technique using Pixels in the Word for Binary Document Images (Abstract)

M.R. Rashmi Nayaka , University of Mysore,Karnataka, India
G. Hemantha Kumar , University of Mysore,Karnataka, India
H.S. Varsha , University of Mysore,Karnataka, India
S. Rekha , University of Mysore,Karnataka, India
P. Shivakumara , A.P.S College, Banglore, India
pp. 151-156

Segmentation of On-line Handwritten Japanese Text of Arbitrary Line Direction by a Neural Network for Improving Text Recognition (Abstract)

Bilan Zhu , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Masaki Nakagaw , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
pp. 157-161

A Corpus for Comparative Evaluation of OCR Software and Postcorrection Techniques (Abstract)

Vanja Nakova , IPP - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia
Christoph Ringlstetter , CIS, University of Munich
Stoyan Mihov , IPP - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia
Klaus U. Schulz , CIS, University of Munich
Veselka Dojchinova , IPP - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia
pp. 162-166
Poster Session 1

Text Region Extraction and Text Segmentation on Cameracaptured Document Style Images (Abstract)

S. H. Kim , University of Denver, USA
Y. W. Y. W. Choi , Sookmyung Women?s University, Korea
Y. J. Song , Sookmyung Women?s University, Korea
K. C. Kim , Yonsei University, Korea
Y. K. Chung , Visual Recognition Research Team, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Korea
D. K. Jang , Visual Recognition Research Team, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Korea
H. R. Byun , Yonsei University, Korea
S. Y. Chi , Visual Recognition Research Team, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Korea
pp. 172-176

Camera based Degraded Text Recognition Using Grayscale Feature (Abstract)

Yoshinobu Hotta , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd, Kawasaki, Japan
Yutaka Katsuyama , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd, Kawasaki, Japan
Satoshi Naoi , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd, Kawasaki, Japan
Jun Sun , Fujitsu R&D Center Co. Ltd, Beijing, China
pp. 182-186

Warped Image restoration with Applications to Digital Libraries (Abstract)

Li Zhang , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 192-196

Online Segmentation of Freehand Stroke by Dynamic Programming (Abstract)

Yu Yajie , City University of Hong Kong
Liu Yin , City University of Hong Kong
Liu Wenyin , City University of Hong Kong
pp. 197-201

Historical Recall and Precision: Summarizing Generated Hypotheses (Abstract)

Dorothea Blostein , Queen?s University, Kingston, Canada
Richard Zanibbi , Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
James R. Cordy , Queen?s University, Kingston, Canada
pp. 202-206

A Synthetic Database to Assess Segmentation Algorithms (Abstract)

Luiz S. Oliveira , Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, Brazil
Alceu S. Jr. Britto , Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, Brazil
Robert Sabourin , Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana, Curitiba, Brazil
pp. 207-211

Handwritten Document Segmentation Using Hidden Markov Random Fields (Abstract)

Thierry Paquet , PSI FRE CNRS Universite de Rouen UFR des Sciences et Techniques, France
Stephane Nicolas , PSI FRE CNRS Universite de Rouen UFR des Sciences et Techniques, France
Laurent Heutte , PSI FRE CNRS Universite de Rouen UFR des Sciences et Techniques, France
Yousri Kessentini , PSI FRE CNRS Universite de Rouen UFR des Sciences et Techniques, France
pp. 212-216

Core Points - A Framework For Structural Parameterization (Abstract)

Anders Ericsson , Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Lund, Sweden
Jakob Sternby , Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Lund, Sweden
pp. 217-221

Benefit of multiclassifier systems for Arabic handwritten words recognition (Abstract)

ENNAJI Abdelatif , Universite Badji Mokhtar - Annaba- BP, France
KHADIR Tarek , Universite Badji Mokhtar - Annaba- BP, France
FARAH Nadir , Universite Badji Mokhtar - Annaba- BP, France
SELLAMI Mokhtar , Universite Badji Mokhtar - Annaba- BP, France
pp. 222-226

A Novel Approach to Recover Writing Order From Single Stroke Offline Handwritten Images (Abstract)

Makato Yasuhara , University of Electro-Communications, Chofu, Tokyo
Yu Qiao , University of Electro-Communications, Chofu, Tokyo
Mikihiko Nishiara , University of Electro-Communications, Chofu, Tokyo
pp. 227-231

Hybrid Recognition for One Stroke Style Cursive Handwriting Characters (Abstract)

Lian-Wen Jin , South China University of Technology, Guangzhou
Teng Long , South China University of Technology, Guangzhou
pp. 232-236

Structural Decomposition and Statistical Description of Farsi/Arabic Handwritten Numeric Characters (Abstract)

Karim Faez , University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Majid Ziaratban , University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Karim Faez , University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Saeed Mozaffari , University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
pp. 237-241

A Novel Method for Off-line Handwriting-based Writer Identification (Abstract)

Zhenyu He , Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
Jianwei Du , Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, P.R.China
Xinge You , Hubei University, P.R.China
Bin Fang , Chongqing University, P.R.China
Yuan Yan Tang , Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
pp. 242-246

Robust Skew Detection in mixed Text/Graphics Documents (Abstract)

Adnan Amin , University of New South Wales, Australia
Sue Wu , University of New South Wales, Australia
pp. 247-251

Similarity-driven Sequence Classification Based on Support Vector Machines (Abstract)

Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo
Hansheng Lei , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 252-261

Improved Text-Detection Methods for a Camera-based Text Reading System for Blind Persons (Abstract)

Nobuo Ezaki , Toba National College of Maritime Technology. Japan
Marius Bulacu , University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Lambert Schomaker , University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Bui Truong Minh , Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
Kimiyasu Kiyota , Kumamoto National College of Technology, Japan
pp. 257-261

A Study On the Use of 8-Directional Features For Online Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition (Abstract)

Zhen-Long BAI , The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Qiang HUO , The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
pp. 262-266

Pre-processing Methods for Handwritten Arabic Documents (Abstract)

Venu Govindaraju , University at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
Faisal Farooq , University at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
Michael Perrone , IBM TJ Watson Center, Yorktown, NY
pp. 267-271

Zone Identification in the Printed Gujarati Text (Abstract)

Jignesh Dholakia , The M.S. Univ. of Baroda. Gujarat, INDIA
Atul Negi , Sciences, Univ. of Hyderabad, Hyderabad. INDIA
S. Rama Mohan , The M. S. Univ. of Baroda. Gujarat, INDIA.
pp. 272-276

Skew Estimation for Scanned Documents from "Noises" (Abstract)

Bo Yuan , Center for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing
Chew Lim Tan , National University Singapore
pp. 277-281

On-Line Signature Verification With Two-Stage Statistical Models (Abstract)

Liang Wan , Chinese University of Hong Kong
Bin Wan , Huazhong University of Science and Technique
pp. 282-286

Prototype Learning Methods for Online Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

C.K. Narayanan , Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
A.G. Ramakrishnan , Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
B.S Raghavendra , Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
M Sriganesh , Hewlett Packard Laboratories, Bangalore, India
G. Sita , Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
pp. 287-291

Ontology Guided Access to Document Images (Abstract)

Jagrati Paranjpe , Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi
Gaurav Harit , Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi
Santanu Chaudhury , Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi
pp. 292-296

Data categorization for a context return applied to logical document structure recognition (Abstract)

Abdel Belayd , Loria Research Center - Read Group, France
Yves Rangoni , Loria Research Center - Read Group, France
pp. 297-301

Dewarping of document image by global optimization (Abstract)

Hiroaki Sakoe , Kyushu University
Akira Asano , Hiroshima University
Hironori Ezaki , Kyushu University
Seiichi Uchida , Kyushu University
pp. 302-306

Three-stage Handwriting Stroke Extraction Method with Hidden Loop Recovery (Abstract)

Vladimir Pervouchine , Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Konstantin Melikhov , Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
pp. 307-311

Color Text Extraction from Camera-based Images the Impact of the Choice of the Clustering Distance (Abstract)

Bernard Gosselin , Faculte Polytechnique de Mons, Belgium
Celine Mancas-Thillou , Faculte Polytechnique de Mons, Belgium
pp. 312-316

Neural Based Binarization Techniques (Abstract)

Hatem HAMZA , LORTA. University Nancy 2
Eddie SMIGIEL , LICIA-INSA de Strasbourg
Abdel BELAID , LORTA. University Nancy 2
pp. 317-321

Fusion of Combination Rules of an Ensemble of MLP Classifiers for Improved Recognition Accuracy of Handprinted Bangla Numerals (Abstract)

B. B. Chaudhuri , CVPR Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
U. Bhattacharya , CVPR Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
pp. 322-326

Challenges in OCR of Dev anagari Documents (Abstract)

Suryaprakash Kompalli , CEDAR, University at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
Srirangaraj Setlur , CEDAR, University at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
Sankalp Nayak , CEDAR, University at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
Venu Govindaraju , CEDAR, University at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
pp. 327-333
Invited Session 1

Pen Computing: Digital Ink and Printed Document (Abstract)

Jian Wang , Microsoft Research Asia
pp. 334

Form Factors for Mobile Computing and Device Symbiosis (Abstract)

Chandra Narayanaswami , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
pp. 335
Layout Analysis

Constructing Area Voronoi Diagram in Document Images (Abstract)

Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
Yue Lu , East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
pp. 342-346

Optimized XY-Cut for Determining a Page Reading Order (Abstract)

Jean-Luc Meunier , Xerox Research Centre Europe
pp. 347-351

Tree Structure forWord Extraction from Handwritten Text Lines (Abstract)

Tamas Varga , Universitat Bern, Neubruckstrasse, Switzerland
Horst Bunke , Universitat Bern, Neubruckstrasse, Switzerland
pp. 352-356

A Statistical Learning Approach To Document Image Analysis (Abstract)

Kevin Laven , University of Toronto
Scott Leishman , University of Toronto
Sam Roweis , University of Toronto
pp. 357-361

Document Ranking by Layout Relevance (Abstract)

Booz Allen Hamilton , 134 National Business Parkway, Annapolis Junction,MD
Daniel DeMenthon , University of Maryland
Lynn Golebiowski , 134 National Business Parkway, Annapolis Junction,MD
May Huang , University of Maryland
David Doermann , University of Maryland
pp. 362-366

Grouping Text Lines in Freeform Handwritten Notes (Abstract)

Sashi Raghupathy , Microsoft Corporation, WA
Michael Shilman , Microsoft Corporation, WA
Herry Sutanto , Microsoft Corporation, WA
Chengyang Li , Microsoft Corporation, WA
Ming Ye , Microsoft Corporation, WA
pp. 367-373
Camera-Based Text Processing

An Example-based Prior Model for Text Image Super-resolution (Abstract)

Jin Hyung Kim , Division of Computer Science, KAIST, Korea
Jangkyun Park , Division of Computer Science, KAIST, Korea
Younghee Kwon , Division of Computer Science, KAIST, Korea
pp. 374-378

Camera-Based Document Image Retrieval as Voting for Partial Signatures of Projective Invariants (Abstract)

Koichi Kise , Osaka Prefecture University
Tomohiro Nakai , Osaka Prefecture University
Masakazu Iwamura , Osaka Prefecture University
pp. 379-383

A Fast and Stable Approach for Restoration of Warped Document Images (Abstract)

Yu Zhang , National University of Singapore
Li Zhang , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
Kok Beng Chu , National University of Singapore
pp. 384-388

Motion Deblurring for Optical Character Recognition (Abstract)

Li Zhang , National University of Singapore
Xing Yu Qi , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 389-393

Sequential Correction of Perspective Warp in Camera-based Documents (Abstract)

Magn? Snorrason , Charles River Analytics Inc., MA
Camille Monnier , Charles River Analytics Inc., MA
Vitaly Ablavsky , Boston University
Steve Holden , Charles River Analytics Inc., MA
pp. 394-398

A Robust Algorithm for Text Detection in Color Images (Abstract)

Satoshi GOTO , Satoshi GOTO
Yangxing LIU , Yangxing LIU
Takeshi IKENAGA , Takeshi IKENAGA
pp. 399-405
Multilingual Text Understanding 1

Performance Improvements to the BBN Byblos OCR System (Abstract)

Michael Decerbo , BBN Technologies, MA, USA
Rohit Prasad , BBN Technologies, MA, USA
Premkumar Natarajan , BBN Technologies, MA, USA
Ehry MacRostie , BBN Technologies, MA, USA
pp. 411-415

Identifying Script onWord-Level with Informational Confidenc (Abstract)

Stefan Jaeger , University of Maryland
David Doermann , University of Maryland
Huanfeng Ma , University of Maryland
pp. 416-420

Improved Geometric Feature Graph: A Script Independent Representation of Word Images for Compression, and Retrieval (Abstract)

Santanu Chaudhury , Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
Gaurav Harit , Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
Richa Jain , Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
pp. 421-425

Logical Labeling of Arabic Newspapers using Artificial Neural Nets (Abstract)

Karim Hadjar , DIUF, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Rolf Ingold , DIUF, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
pp. 426-431
Digital Libraries

Layout based document image retrieval by means of XY tree reduction (Abstract)

Giovanni Soda , DSI - University of Florence, Italy
Emanuele Marino , DSI - University of Florence, Italy
Simone Marinai , DSI - University of Florence, Italy
pp. 432-436

Eigenspace Method for Text Retrieval in Historical Document Images (Abstract)

Takeshi Nagasaki , Future University-Hakodate,Japan
Toshio Kawashima , Future University-Hakodate,Japan
Kengo Terasawa , Future University-Hakodate,Japan
pp. 437-441

Evaluation of a User-Assisted Archive Construction System for Online Natural History Archives (Abstract)

A. C. Downton , University of Essex, UK.
J. He , University of Essex, UK.
pp. 442-446

A Comprehensive Image Processing Suite for Book Re-mastering (Abstract)

Jian Fan , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories
Xiaofan Lin , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories
Steven Simske , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories
pp. 447-451

PerfectDoc: A Ground Truthing Environment for Complex Documents (Abstract)

Sherif Yacoub , HP Labs, Spain
Sayeed Nusrulla Sami , TSG Hewlett-Packard, Bangalore
Vinay Saxena , TSG Hewlett-Packard, Texas
pp. 452-457
Document Analysis Systems

Universal Data Capture Technology from Semi-structured Form (Abstract)

Diar Tuganbaev , ABBYY Software House, Moscow
Aram Pakhchanian , ABBYY Software House, Moscow
Dmitry Deryagin , ABBYY Software House, Moscow
pp. 458-462

Enhancement of Layout-based Identification of Low-resolution Documents using Geometrical Color Distribution (Abstract)

Rolf Ingold , University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Denis Lalanne , University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Ardhendu Behera , University of Fribourg, Switzerland
pp. 468-472

Relational Learning techniques for Document Image Understanding: Comparing Statistical and Logical approaches (Abstract)

Michelangelo Ceci , Universita degli Studi di Bari
Donato Malerba , Universita degli Studi di Bari
Margherita Berardi , Universita degli Studi di Bari
pp. 473-477

Cursive word skew/slant corrections based on Radon transform (Abstract)

Ching Y. Suen , CENPARMI, Concordia University, Montreal
Adam Krzyyzak , CENPARMI, Concordia University, Montreal
Jian-xiong Dong , IMDS Software
Ponson Dominique , IMDS Software
pp. 478-483
Handwriting Recognition 2

A generic 2D approach of handwriting recognition (Abstract)

Sylvain Chevalier , ARTEMIS project Unit, GET/INT, Evry - France
Francoise Preteux , ARTEMIS project Unit, GET/INT, Evry - France
Melanie Lemaitre , DGA/DET/CEP, Arcueil - France
Edouard Geoffrois , DGA/DET/CEP, Arcueil - France
pp. 489-493

Off-Line Handwritten Character Recognition by SVM on the Virtual Examples Synthesized from On-Line Characters (Abstract)

Yasuaki Nakano , Kyushu Sangyo University, Japan
Minoru Maruyama , Shinshu University, Japan
Hidetoshi Miyao , Shinshu University, Japan
Toshihiro Hananoi , Kyushu Sangyo University, Japan
pp. 494-498

Discriminant Substrokes for Online Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

C. V. Jawahar , Centre for Visual Information Technology, Hyderabad, India
Satya Lahari Putrevu , Centre for Visual Information Technology, Hyderabad, India
Karteek Alahari , Centre for Visual Information Technology, Hyderabad, India
pp. 499-505
Language Models

A Data Structure Using Hashing and Tries For Efficient Chinese Lexical Access (Abstract)

Yat-Kin LAM , University of Hong Kong
Qiang HUO , University of Hong Kong
pp. 506-510

Document Understanding System Using Stochastic Context-Free Grammars (Abstract)

Richard Zanibbi , Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
John C. Handley , Xerox Corporation
Anoop M. Namboodiri , Indian Institute for Information Technology Hyderabad, India
pp. 511-515

Statistical Language Models for On-line Handwritten Sentence Recognition (Abstract)

Sabine Carbonnel , IRISMINSA Campus de Beaulieu, France
Eric Anquetil , IRISMINSA Campus de Beaulieu, France
Solen Quiniou , IRISMINSA Campus de Beaulieu, France
pp. 516-520

Multiple Handwritten Text Line Recognition Systems Derived from Specific Integration of a Language Model (Abstract)

Roman Bertolami , University of Bern, Switzerland
Horst Bunke , University of Bern, Switzerland
pp. 521-527
Historical Document Processing 2

Classification Models for Historical Manuscript Recognition (Abstract)

R. Manmatha , University of Massachusetts
S. L. Feng , University of Massachusetts
pp. 528-532

Omnilingual Segmentation-freeWord Spotting for Ancient Manuscripts Indexation (Abstract)

Yann LEYDIER , Archimed Lyon, 6 place Charle Hernu, 69100 Villeurbanne, France
Hubert EMPTOZ , LIRIS, 20 av. Albert Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne, France
Frank Le BOURGEOIS , LIRIS, 20 av. Albert Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne, France
pp. 533-537

A Comparison of Binarization Methods for Historical Archive Documents (Abstract)

Q. D. M. Do , KAIST, Kusung-Dong, Yusung-Gu, Daejon, Korea
A. C. Downton , University of Essex, UK
J. H. Kim , KAIST, Kusung-Dong, Yusung-Gu, Daejon, Korea
J. He , KAIST, Kusung-Dong, Yusung-Gu, Daejon, Korea
pp. 538-542
Poster Session 2

Determining Optimal Filters for Binarization of Degraded Grayscale Characters Using Genetic Algorithms (Abstract)

Yusuke Ojima , Hosei University, Japan
Satoshi Kirigaya , Hosei University, Japan
Toru Wakahara , Hosei University, Japan
pp. 555-559

Phishing Webpage Detection (Abstract)

Zhang Min , Tsinghua Univ.
Liu Wenyin , Dept. of Computer Science, City University of Hong Kong
Xiaotie Deng , Dept. of Computer Science, City University of Hong Kong
Guanglin Huang , Translation & Linguistics City University of Hong Kong
Liu Xiaoyue , Translation & Linguistics City University of Hong Kong
pp. 560-564

The Recognition Strategy Language (Abstract)

Richard Zanibbi , Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
Dorothea Blostein , Queen?s University, Kingston, Canada
James R. Cordy , Queen?s University, Kingston, Canada
pp. 565-569

Improving Cascading Classifiers with Particle Swarm Optimization (Abstract)

Luiz S. Oliveira , Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana, Brazil
Alceu S. Jr. Britto , Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana, Brazil
Robert Sabourin , Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana, Brazil
pp. 570-574

A Threshlod Selection Method Based on Multiscale and Graylevel Co-occurrence Matrix Analysis (Abstract)

Yun Li , Concordia University,Montreal,Canada
Mohamed Cheriet , University of Quebec,Canada
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University,Montreal,Canada
pp. 575-579

Associating Text and Graphics for Scientific Chart Understanding (Abstract)

Wee Kheng Leow , National University of Singapore
Weihua Huang , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 580-584

On Foreground-Background Separation in Low Quality Color Document Images (Abstract)

Laurent Heutte , UFR des Sciences, University of Rouen, France
Utpal x Utpal Garain , Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
Thierry Paquet , UFR des Sciences, University of Rouen, France
pp. 585-589

A Hidden Markov Model Based Segmentation and Recognition Algorithm for Chinese Handwritten Address Character Strings (Abstract)

Yan Jiang , Tsinghua University, P.R. China
C.S. Liu , Tsinghua University, P.R. China
X.Q. Ding , Tsinghua University, P.R. China
Qiang Fu , Tsinghua University, P.R. China
pp. 590-594

Locating Text in Images using Matched Wavelets (Abstract)

Sunil Kumar , Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
Nitin Khanna , Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
Santanu Chaudhury , Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
Shiv Dutt Joshi , Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
pp. 595-599

Writer Profiling Using Handwriting Copybook Styles (Abstract)

Sung-Hyuk Cha , Pace University
Sungsoo Yoon , Pace University
Seungseok Choi , Pace University
Charles C. Tappert , Pace University
pp. 600

Segmentation and Pre-Recognition of Arabic Handwriting (Abstract)

Liana Lorigo , University at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
Venu Govindaraju , University at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
pp. 605-609

Text Detection in Images Based on Unsupervised Classification of Edge-based Features (Abstract)

Chunheng Wang , Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Ruwei Dai , Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Chunmei Liu , Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
pp. 610-614

Hangul Document Image Retrieval System Using Rank-based Recognitio (Abstract)

Woo-Youn Kim , Chonbuk National University, Korea
Il-Seok Oh , Chonbuk National University, Korea
Duk-Ryong Lee , Chonbuk National University, Korea
pp. 615-619

Individuality Analysis of Online Kanji Handwriting (Abstract)

Masatsugu Kidode , Nara Institute of Science and Technology
Yoshikazu Nakamura , Nara National College of Technology
pp. 620-624

Local and Global Feature Selection for On-line Signature Verification (Abstract)

Andrzej Drygajlo , Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL)
Hamed Ketabdar , Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL)
Jonas Richiardi , Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL)
pp. 625-629

Language Identification of Character Images Using Machine Learning Techniques (Abstract)

Ying-Ho Liu , Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Fu Chang , Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Chin-Chin Lin , National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan
pp. 630-634

Camera-based Kanji OCR for Mobile-phones: Practical Issues (Abstract)

Masahiro Yamazaki , Hitachi Ubiquitous System Platform R&D Laboratory, Yokohama, Japan
Ryuji Mine , Hitachi Central Research Laboratory, Tokyo, Japan
Masashi Koga , Hitachi Central Research Laboratory, Tokyo, Japan
Toshikazu Takahashi , Hitachi Central Research Laboratory, Tokyo, Japan
Tatsuya Kameyama , Hitachi Central Research Laboratory, Tokyo, Japan
Teruyuki Yamaguchi , Hitachi-Omron Terminal Solutions, Corp., Owariasahi, Japan
pp. 635-639

A..Study on Vulnerability in On-line Writer Verification System (Abstract)

Yasushi Yamazaki , University of Kitakyushu, Japan
Kazunobu Tasaka , Waseda University, Japan
Naohisa Komatsu , Waseda University, Japan
Akane Nakashima , University of Kitakyushu, Japan
pp. 640-644

Segmentation of Connected Chinese Characters Based on Genetic Algorithm (Abstract)

Shaoping Ma , CST Dept, Tsinghua Universit, China
Yijiang Jin , CST Dept, Tsinghua Universit, China
Xianghui Wei , Institute of Software, CAS, China
pp. 645-649

The Neural-based Segmentation of Cursive Words using Enhanced Heuristics (Abstract)

Chun Ki Cheng , Griffith University-Gold Coast Campus, Australia
Michael Blumenstein , Griffith University-Gold Coast Campus, Australia
pp. 650-654

Text Locating from Natural Scene Images Using Image Intensitie (Abstract)

SooHyung Kim , Chonnam National University
JiSoo Kim , Chonnam National University
SangCheol Park , Chonnam National University
pp. 655-659

Classification of Liquid and Viscous Inks using HSV Colour Space (Abstract)

Dasari Haritha , University of Hyderabad, India
Chakravarthy Bhagvati , University of Hyderabad, India
pp. 660-664

Camera based mixed-lingual card reader for mobile device (Abstract)

Jun Li , Motorola China Research Center, Shanghai, P.R.China
Gang Peng , Motorola China Research Center, Shanghai, P.R.China
Li-Xin Zhen , Motorola China Research Center, Shanghai, P.R.China
Xi-Ping Luo , Motorola China Research Center, Shanghai, P.R.China
Bai-Hua Xiao , Motorola China Research Center, Shanghai, P.R.China
pp. 665-669

A Toplogy Based Multi-Classifier System (Abstract)

Yann Prudent , University and INSA of Rouen PSI Laboratory, France
Abdellatif Ennaji , University and INSA of Rouen PSI Laboratory, France
pp. 670-674

A Ground-Truthed Mathematical Character and Symbol Image Database (Abstract)

Akihiro Nomura , Graduate School of Mathematics, Kyushu University
Seiichi Uchida , Faculty of Information Science and Electrical Engineering, Kyushu University
Masakazu Suzuki , Faculty of Mathematics, Kyushu University
pp. 675-679

Independent Component Analysis Segmentation Algorithm (Abstract)

Yan Chen , Nanyang Technological University Singapore
Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University Singapore
pp. 680-684

Accuracy Improvement for Handwritten Japanese Word Recognition by Combination of Character and Word Recognizer (Abstract)

Misako Suwa , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., Japan
Hiroaki Takebe , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., Japan
Yoshinobu Hotta , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., Japan
Satoshi Naoi , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., Japan
pp. 685-689

Text Detection in Color Scene Images based on Unsupervised Clustering of Multi-channel Wavelet Features (Abstract)

Tomoyuki Saoi , Graduate School of Information Sciences, Tohoku University, Japan
Hiroaki Kobayashi , Information Synergy Center, Tohoku University, Japan
Hideaki Goto , Information Synergy Center, Tohoku University, Japan
pp. 690-694

Text Recognition of Low-resolution Document Images (Abstract)

Patrice Y. Simard , Microsoft Research
Paul Viola , Microsoft Research
Charles Jacobs , Microsoft Research
James Rinker , Microsoft Research
pp. 695-699

Local Norm Features based on ridgelets Transform (Abstract)

Oriol Ramos Terrades , Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain
Ernest Valveny , Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain
pp. 700-704

A Hierarchical Method for Automated Identification and Segmentation of Forms (Abstract)

S. P. Chowdhury , B. E. & Sc. University, Shibpur, India
A. K. Das , B. E. & Sc. University, Shibpur, India
Bhabatosh Chanda , ECS Unit Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta, INDIA
S. Mandal , B. E. & Sc. University, Shibpur, India
pp. 705-709

Performance Improvement Techniques for Chinese Character Recognition (Abstract)

Hsi-Jian Lee , Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
Jen..Tsan Huang , National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan
pp. 710-715

Word Separation of Unconstrained Handwritten Text Lines in PCR Forms (Abstract)

Gyeonghwan Kim , Sogang University, Seoul, S. Korea
Ifeoma Nwogu , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 715-719

A Proposal of the Effective Recognition Method for Low-Resolution Characters from Motion Images (Abstract)

Kunihito Kato , Gifu University, Japan
Makoto Nomura , Gifu University, Japan
Hirotaka Ohta , Gifu University, Japan
Kazuhiko Yamamoto , Gifu University, Japan
pp. 720-724

Push-Style Guidance System for Technical Document Writing (Abstract)

Koichi Tanigaki , Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
Yasuhiro Okada , Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
Takashi Hirano , Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
pp. 725-729

Dynamic TimeWarping Applied to Tamil Character Recognitio (Abstract)

Ralph Niels , Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information
Louis Vuurpij , Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information
pp. 730-734

A Two-stage Online Handwritten Chinese Character Segmentation Algorithm Based on Dynamic Programming (Abstract)

Xue Gao , South China University of Technology, Guangzhou , China
Pierre Michel Lallican , Vision Objects, Nantes , France
Christian Viard-Gaudin , Ecole Polytechnique de Nantes, Nantes, France
pp. 735-739

Recognition for Large Sets of Handwritten Mathematical Symbols (Abstract)

Xiaofang Xie , University of Western Ontario, Canada
Stephen M. Watt , University of Western Ontario, Canada
pp. 740-744

Camera-based Degraded Character Segmentation into Individual Components (Abstract)

Bernard Gosselin , Faculte Polytechnique de Mons, Belgium
Celine Mancas-Thillou , Faculte Polytechnique de Mons, Belgium
Matei Mancas , Faculte Polytechnique de Mons, Belgium
pp. 755-759

What Should the User Do? Inference Structures and Line Drawing Interpretation (Abstract)

T.P Pridmore , University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
S. Ablameyko , National Academy of Sciences, Belarus
V. Bucha , National Academy of Sciences, Belarus
pp. 760-764

Rejection strategy for Convolutional Neural Network by adaptive topology applied to handwritten digits recognition (Abstract)

Abdel Belad , LORIA/CNRS Campus Scientifique, France
Hubert Cecotti , LORIA/CNRS Campus Scientifique, France
pp. 765-769

Oriya Handwritten Numeral Recognition Syste (Abstract)

F. Kimura , Mie University , Japan
K. Roy , Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
T. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
pp. 770-774

An Approach to Identify Unique Styles in Online Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

A. Bharath , Hewlett-Packard Labs India
V. Deepu , Hewlett-Packard Labs India
Sriganesh Madhvanath , Hewlett-Packard Labs India
pp. 775-779

A New Feature Ranking Method in a HMM-Based Handwriting Recognition System (Abstract)

Sijun Kang , CEDAR, State University of New York at Buffalo
Venu Govindaraju , CEDAR, State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 779-783

Recognition of Printed Amharic Documents (Abstract)

Million Meshesha , International Institute of Information Technology - Hyderabad, India
C. V. Jawahar , International Institute of Information Technology - Hyderabad, India
pp. 784-788

Databases for Research on Recognition of Handwritten Characters of Indian Scripts (Abstract)

U. Bhattacharya , CVPR Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
B. B. Chaudhuri , CVPR Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
pp. 789-793

Text Extraction from Gray Scale Historical Document Images Using Adaptive Local Connectivity Map (Abstract)

Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY
Zhixin Shi , State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY
Srirangaraj Setlur , State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY
pp. 794-798

Fast Convolutional OCR with the Scanning N-Tuple Grid (Abstract)

Simon M. Lucas , University of Essex, UK
Kyu Tae Cho , University of Essex, UK
pp. 799-805
Invited Session 2

Tracking, Analysis, and Recognition of Human Gestures in Video (Abstract)

Vassilis Athitsos , Boston University, Boston, MA
George Kollios , Boston University, Boston, MA
Stan Sclaroff , Boston University, Boston, MA
Jonathan Alon , Boston University, Boston, MA
Rui Li , Boston University, Boston, MA
Tai-peng Tian , Boston University, Boston, MA
John Magee , Boston University, Boston, MA
Margrit Betke , Boston University, Boston, MA
pp. 806-810
Character Recognition

Adaptive OCR with Limited User Feedback (Abstract)

David Doermann , University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
Huanfeng Ma , University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
pp. 814-818

Character Representation and Recognition Using Quadtree-based Fractal Encoding Scheme (Abstract)

Majid Ziaratban , University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Saeed Mozaffari , University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Karim Faez , University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
pp. 819-823

Fast Optical Character Recognition through Glyph Hashing for Document Conversion (Abstract)

Radoslav Nickolov , Microsoft Research
Kumar Chellapilla , Microsoft Research
Patrice Simard , Microsoft Research
pp. 829-834

Text Degradations and OCR Training (Abstract)

Elisa H. Barney Smith , Boise State University
Tim Andersen , Boise State University
pp. 834-838

Online and Offline Character Recognition Using Alignment to Prototypes (Abstract)

Stan Sclaroff , Boston University, MA
Vassilis Athitsos , Boston University, MA
Jonathan Alon , Boston University, MA
pp. 839-845
Classification Methods

A Hierarchical Classifier Using New Support Vector Machine (Abstract)

Yu-Chiang Wang , Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA
David Casasent , Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA
pp. 851-855

MS-TDNN with Global Discriminant Trainings (Abstract)

Abdul Rahim AHMAD , Laboratoire IRCCyN UMR CNRS Polytech Nantes, France
Christian VIARD-GAUDIN , Laboratoire IRCCyN UMR CNRS Polytech Nantes, France
Emilie CAILLAULT , Laboratoire IRCCyN UMR CNRS Polytech Nantes, France
pp. 856-861

Handwriting Matching and Its Application to Handwriting Synthesis (Abstract)

David Doermann , University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
Yefeng Zheng , University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
pp. 861-865

Intelligent Feature Extraction for Ensemble of Classifiers (Abstract)

Robert Sabourin , Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana - Curitiba, Brazil
PauloV. W. Radtke , Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana - Curitiba, Brazil
Tony Wong , Ecole de Technologie Superieure - Montreal, Canada
pp. 866-870

Fast Vector Matching Methods and Their Applications to Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Wen-Hsiung Lin , Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Chin-Chin Lin , Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan
Fu Chang , Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Ying-Ho Liu , Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
pp. 871-877
Multilingual Text Understanding 2

Script Identification Using Steerable Gabor Filters (Abstract)

C. Y. Suen , Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence,Concordia University, Canada
T. D. Bui , Computer Science and Software Engineering,, Concordia University, Canada
W. M. Pan , Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence,Concordia University, Canada
pp. 883-887

Rule-based Middle-level Character Detection for Simplifying Thai Document Layout Analysis (Abstract)

Asanee Kawtrakul , Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
Chaiyakorn Yingsaeree , Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
pp. 888-892

Arabic Handwriting Recognition Using Baseline Dependant Features and Hidden Markov Modeling (Abstract)

Ramy El-Hajj , University of Balamand, Lebanon
Chafic Mokbel , University of Balamand, Lebanon
Laurence Likforman-Sulem , GET-Ecole Nationale Superieure des Telecommunications, France
pp. 893-897

A Fuzzy Hierarchical Attributed Graph Approach for Handwritten Egyptian Hieroglyphs description and matching. (Abstract)

Philippe Bouyer , RC-SOFT, France
Denis Arrivault , Laboratoire SIC - CNRS, France
Noel Richard , Laboratoire SIC - CNRS, France
pp. 898-903
Multimedia Document

Mosaicing-by-recognition: a technique for video-based text recognition (Abstract)

Hiromitsu Miyazaki , Kyushu University, Japan
Hiroaki Sakoe , Kyushu University, Japan
Seiichi Uchida , Kyushu University, Japan
pp. 904-908

A Novel Context Matching Based Technique for Web Document Retrieval (Abstract)

Brijesh Verma , Central Queensland University, Australia
John Zakos , Griffith University, Australia
pp. 909-914

Image Analysis for Efficient Categorization of Image-based Spam E-mail (Abstract)

Hrishikesh B. Aradhye , SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA
Gregory K. Myers , SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA
James A. Herson , SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA
pp. 914-918

Educational Video Understanding: Mapping Handwritten Text to Textbook Chapters (Abstract)

Lijun Tang , Columbia University, NY
John R. Kender , Columbia University, NY
pp. 919-923

From Searching to Browsing through Multimodal Documents Linking (Abstract)

Delila Mekhaldi , Universite de Fribourg, Chemin de Musee, Switzerland
Denis Lalanne , Universite de Fribourg, Chemin de Musee, Switzerland
Rolf Ingold , Universite de Fribourg, Chemin de Musee, Switzerland
pp. 924-929
Applications 1

An Evaluation System for String Extraction in the Airline Coupon Project (Abstract)

Sen Guo , South China University of Technology, Guangzhou
Zhiyan Wang , South China University of Technology, Guangzhou
Yan Heping , South China University of Technology, Guangzhou
pp. 930-934

ScatterType: A Legible but Hard-to-Segment CAPTCHA (Abstract)

Sui-Yu Wang , Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
Henry S. Baird , Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
Michael A. Moll , Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
pp. 935-939

Capturing the Layout of Electronic Documents for Reuse in Variable Data Printing (Abstract)

Xiaofan Lin , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories
Hui Chao , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories
pp. 940-944

OCR Based Slide Retrieval (Abstract)

N. Daddaoua , IDIAP Research Institute, Switzerland
J.M. Odobez , IDIAP Research Institute, Switzerland
A. Vinciarelli , IDIAP Research Institute, Switzerland
pp. 945-949
Poster Session 3

IAM-OnDB - an On-Line English Sentence Database Acquired from Handwritten Text on a Whiteboard (Abstract)

Horst Bunke , University of Bern, Switzerland
Marcus Liwicki , University of Bern, Switzerland
pp. 956-961

A New Method of Recognizing Chinese Fonts (Abstract)

Lihua Yang , Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
Zhihua Yang , South China Normal University, Guangzhou
pp. 962-966

A Human Interactive Proof Algorithm Using Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Venu Govindaraju , University at Buffalo, NY
Amalia Rusu , University at Buffalo, NY
pp. 967-971

Using Fuzzy Logic to Analyze Superscript and Subscript Relations in Handwritten Mathematical Expressions (Abstract)

Dorothea Blostein , Queen?s University, Canada
Richard Zanibbi , Concordia University, Canada
Ling Zhang , Queen?s University, Canada
pp. 972-976

Text Extraction from Name Cards with Complex Design (Abstract)

Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
Lin Lin , National University of Singapore
pp. 977-980

Design of a Chinese Name Card Understanding System (Abstract)

Hsi-Jian Lee , Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
Shan-Hung Lee , National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan
pp. 981-985

Automatical Definition of Measures from the Combination of Shape Descriptors (Abstract)

S. Tabbone , LORIA, Cedex, France
J.-P. Salmon , LORIA, Cedex France
L. Wendling , LORIA, Cedex France
pp. 986-990

Intelligent Document Scanning with Active Camera (Abstract)

Anjin Park , Soongsil University, Korea
Keechul Jung , Soongsil University, Korea
pp. 991-995

Frequencies Decomposition and Partial Similarities Retrieval for Ancient Handwriting Documents Compression (Abstract)

Frank LEBOURGEOIS , LIRIS UMR 5205 INSA Lyon, Cedex, France
Hubert EMPTOZ , LIRIS UMR 5205 INSA Lyon, Cedex, France
Abir EL ABED , LIRIS UMR 5205 INSA Lyon, Cedex, France
Veronique EGLIN , LIRIS UMR 5205 INSA Lyon, Cedex, France
pp. 996-1000

Document Image Dewarping using Robust Estimation of Curled Text Lines (Abstract)

Adrian Ulges , Univ. of Kaiserslautern, Germany
Christoph H. Lampert , DFKI GmbH, Kaiserslautern, Germany
Thomas M. Breuel , DFKI GmbH, Kaiserslautern, Germany
pp. 1001-1005

The feature Combination Technique for Off-line Thai Character Recognition System (Abstract)

Thanarak Theeramunkung , Thamasata University, Thailand
Ithipan Methasate , NECTEC, Thailand
Sutat Sae-tang , NECTEC, Thailand
Sanparith Marukatat , NECTEC, Thailand
pp. 1006-1009

Text/Graphic labelling of Ancient Printed Documents (Abstract)

J.Y Ramel , LI, 64 Avenue Jean Portalis 37200 TOURS - FRANCE
N. Journet , L3I, 17042 La Rochelle Cedex 1 - FRANCE
V. Eglin , LIRIS INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne cedex - FRANCE
R. Mullot , L3I, 17042 La Rochelle Cedex 1 - FRANCE
pp. 1010-1014

Issues in Developing a Commercial Parcel Reading System (Abstract)

Wouter Homan , Prime Vision BV, The Netherlands
Martijn Nuijt , Prime Vision BV, The Netherlands
Michiel de Rijcke , Prime Vision BV, The Netherlands
Marija Bojovic , Prime Vision BV, The Netherlands
pp. 1015-1019

Multi-scale Techniques for Document Page Segmentation (Abstract)

Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
Zhixin Shi , State University of New York at Buffalo, Amherst, NY
pp. 1020-1024

Affixal Approach for Arabic Decomposable Vocabulary Recognition: A Validation on Printed Word in Only One Font (Abstract)

Slim KANOUN , University of Sfax, Tunisia
Adel Mohamed ALIMI , University of Sfax, Tunisia
Yves LECOURTIER , University of Rouen, France
pp. 1025-1029

Support System for Archeologists to Read Scripts on Mokkans (Abstract)

Daisuke Hachiya , Faculty of Technology, Tokyo Univ. of Agri. & Tech., Japan
Kei Saito , Tokyo Univ. of Agri. & Tech., Japan
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo Univ. of Agri. & Tech., Japan
Akihito Kitadai , Tokyo Univ. of Agri. & Tech., Japan
pp. 1030-1034

Isolated Character Recognition by Searching Feature Points (Abstract)

Hirotomo ASO , Tohoku University, Japan
Shinichiro OMACHI , Tohoku University, Japan
Kazuya NEGISHI , Tohoku University, Japan
Masakazu IWAMURA , Osaka Prefecture University, Japan
pp. 1035-1039

Document Image Retrieval Based on Density Distribution Feature and Key Block Feature (Abstract)

Xueping Liu , Ricoh Co., Japan
Suoqian Feng , Peking University, China
Hongbin Zha , Peking University, China
Hong Liu , Peking University, China
pp. 1040-1044

Hybrid OCR combination approach complemented by a specialized ICR applied on ancient documents (Abstract)

Hubert Cecotti , LORIA/CNRS Campus Scientifique ,Cedex , France
Abdel Belayd , LORIA/CNRS Campus Scientifique ,Cedex , France
pp. 1045-1049

Towards a Canonical and Structured Representation of PDF Documents through Reverse Engineering (Abstract)

Denis Lalanne , DIVA group, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Jean-Luc Bloechle , DIVA group, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Karim Hadjar , DIVA group, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Rolf Ingold , DIVA group, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Maurizio Rigamonti , DIVA group, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
pp. 1050-1055

A Learning Approach to Discovering Web Page Semantic Structures (Abstract)

Junlan Feng , AT&T LABS RESEARCH
Mazin Gilbert , AT&T LABS RESEARCH
Patrick Haffner , AT&T LABS RESEARCH
pp. 1055-1059

A System for Indian Postal Automation (Abstract)

A. Belaid , LORIA Research Center, Nancy, France
K. Roy , Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
S. Vajda , LORIA Research Center, Nancy, France
B. B. Chaudhuri , Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
pp. 1060-1064

Cascade Classifier : Design and Application to Digit Recognition (Abstract)

Jean Duong , LIRIS-INSA, CEDEX , France
Hubert Emptoz , LIRIS-INSA, CEDEX , France
pp. 1065-1069

On Appearance-Based Feature Extraction Methods for Writer-Independent Handwritten Text Recognition (Abstract)

Thomas Plotz , Bielefeld University,Germany
Gernot A. Fink , Bielefeld University,Germany
pp. 1070-1074

On-line Writer Adaptation for Handwriting Recognition using Fuzzy Inference Systems (Abstract)

Nicolas Ragot , IRISA, INSA de Rennes, CEDEX, France
Eric Anquetil , IRISA, INSA de Rennes, CEDEX, France
Harold Mouchere , IRISA, INSA de Rennes, CEDEX, France
pp. 1075

An Approach for Stemming in Symbolically Compressed Indian Language Imaged Documents (Abstract)

Utpal Garain , Indian Statistical Institute, India
Alok Kumar Datta , Indian Statistical Institute, India
pp. 1080-1084

Influence of Zoning on Whole Word Recognition (Abstract)

Nasser Sherkat , The Nottingham Trent University, UK
pp. 1085-1089

Transliteration of Online Handwritten Phonetic Pitman?s Shorthand with the Use of a Bayesian Network (Abstract)

Colin Higgins , The University of Nottingham, UK
Ma Yang , Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Swe Myo Htwe , The University of Nottingham, UK
pp. 1090-1094

Graphical Object Recognition using Statistical Language Models (Abstract)

Adam Winstanley , Institute of Technology Blanchardstown, Dublin
Laura Keyes , Institute of Technology Blanchardstown, Dublin
Andrew O' Sullivan , Institute of Technology Blanchardstown, Dublin
pp. 1095-1099

Intelligent Document Processing (Abstract)

Floriana Esposito , University of Bari
Stefano Ferilli , University of Bari
Teresa M.A. Basile , University of Bari
Nicola Di Mauro , University of Bari
pp. 1100-1104

A Statistical Model For Writer Verification (Abstract)

Vivek Shah , University at Buffalo, NY
Sargur N. Srihari , University at Buffalo, NY
Karthik Bandi , University at Buffalo, NY
Matthew J. Beal , University at Buffalo, NY
pp. 1105-1109

A color-based layout analysis to process censorship cards of film archives (Abstract)

Michelangelo Ceci , Universita degli Studi di Bari, Italy
Margherita Berardi , Universita degli Studi di Bari, Italy
Oronzo Altamura , Universita degli Studi di Bari, Italy
Donato Malerba , Universita degli Studi di Bari, Italy
pp. 1110-1114

Using GPUs for Machine Learning Algorithms (Abstract)

Patrice Y. Simard , Microsoft Research,WA
Dave Steinkrau , Microsoft Research,WA
Ian Buck , Stanford University
pp. 1115-1119

Recovery of a Drawing Order from Off-Line Isolated Letters Dedicated to On-Line Recognition (Abstract)

Eric Anquetil , Laboratoire IRISA - Campus Universitaire de Beaulieu, France
Jean Camillerapp , Laboratoire IRISA - Campus Universitaire de Beaulieu, France
Laetitia Rousseau , Laboratoire IRISA - Campus Universitaire de Beaulieu, France
pp. 1121-1125

Structural Information Implant in a Context Based Segmentation-Free HMM Handwritten Word Recognition System for Latin and Bangla Script (Abstract)

Szilard Vajda , Loria Research Center READ Group, France
Abdel Belayd , Loria Research Center READ Group, France
pp. 1126-1130

Writing Speed Normalization for On-Line Handwritten Text Recognition (Abstract)

Alejandro Toselli , Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Spain
Moises Pastor , Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Spain
Enrique Vidal , Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Spain
pp. 1131-1135

Character Duration Modeling for Speed Improvements in the BBN Byblos OCR System (Abstract)

Ram Sundaram , BBN Technologie, MA., USA
Premkumar Natarajan , BBN Technologie, MA., USA
Ehry MacRostie , BBN Technologie, MA., USA
Rohit Prasad , BBN Technologie, MA., USA
pp. 1136-1140

Semantic Analysis of Matrix Structures (Abstract)

Volker Sorge , University of Birmingham, UK
Alan P. Sexton , University of Birmingham, UK
pp. 1141-1145

A Lexicon Reduction Strategy in the Context of Handwritten Medical Forms (Abstract)

Robert Milewski , University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Srirangaraj Setlur , University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Venu Govindaraju , University at Buffalo, State University of New York
pp. 1146-1150

Combining Matching Scores in Identification Model (Abstract)

Sergey Tulyakov , State University of New York at Buffalo, USA
Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo, USA
pp. 1151-1155

Machine Recognition of Online Handwritten Devanagari Characters (Abstract)

G. Sita , Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, India
Sriganesh Madhvanath , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Bangalore
Niranjan Joshi , Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, India
V. Deepu , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Bangalore
A.G. Ramakrishnan , Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, India
pp. 1156-1160

UPX: A New XML Representation for Annotated Datasets of Online Handwriting Data (Abstract)

Sriganesh Madhvanath , HP Labs, Bangalore, India
Louis Vuurpijl , NICI, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Kalika Bali , HP Labs, Bangalore, India
Mudit Agrawal , HP Labs, Bangalore, India
pp. 1161-1165

Boosting-based Transductive Learning for Text Detection (Abstract)

Patrice Simard , Microsoft Research, WA
David Bargeron , Microsoft Research, WA
Paul Viola , Microsoft Research, WA
pp. 1166-1171

Efficient Geometric Algorithms for Parsing in Two Dimensions (Abstract)

Michael Shilman , Microsoft Research, WA
Paul Viola , Microsoft Research, WA
Mukund Narasimhan , Microsoft Research, WA
Percy Liang , Microsoft Research, WA
pp. 1172-1177

Multi-Level Component Grouping Algorithm and Its Applications (Abstract)

Chew Lim Tan , Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing
Bo Yuan , Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing
pp. 1178-1181

Ink Normalization and Beautification (Abstract)

Patrice Y. Simard , Microsoft Research, WA
Maneesh Agrawala , Microsoft Research, WA
Dave Steinkraus , Microsoft Research, WA
pp. 1182-1187

Learning Diagram Parts with Hidden Random Fields (Abstract)

Martin Szummer , Microsoft Research, UK
pp. 1188-1193

Selection of Classifiers for the Construction of Multiple Classifier Systems (Abstract)

David Doermann , University of Maryland, MD
Hee-Joong Kang , Hansung University, S. Korea
pp. 1194-1198

Configurable Hybrid Architectures for Character Recognition Applications (Abstract)

C. V Jawahar , International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad, INDIA
M. N. S. S. K. Pavan Kumar , International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad, INDIA
pp. 1199-1205
Symbol Recognition

Recognition of On-Line Handwritten Mathematical Expressions in the E-Chalk System - An Extension (Abstract)

Ernesto Tapia , Freie Universitat Berlin, Institut fur Informatik, Berlin, Germany
Raul Rojas , Freie Universitat Berlin, Institut fur Informatik, Berlin, Germany
pp. 1206-1210

Method for Representing 3-D Virtual Origami (Abstract)

Takashi Terashima , Nagoya University, Japan
Jien Kato , Nagoya University, Japan
Hiroshi Shimanuki , Nagoya University, Japan
Toyohide Watanabe , Nagoya University, Japan
pp. 1211-1215

Clustering document images using a bag of symbols representation (Abstract)

Eugen Barbu , CNRS FRE 2645 - Universite de Rouen, France
Eric Trupin , CNRS FRE 2645 - Universite de Rouen, France
Sebastien Adam , CNRS FRE 2645 - Universite de Rouen, France
Pierre Heroux , CNRS FRE 2645 - Universite de Rouen, France
pp. 1216-1220

Handwritten Gesture Recognition Driven by the Spatial Context of Strokes (Abstract)

Eric Anquetil , IRISA - INSA, IMADOC team, France
Francois Bouteruche , IRISA - INSA, IMADOC team, France
Nicolas Ragot , IRISA - INSA, IMADOC team, France
pp. 1221-1225

Sketch Grammars: A Formalism for Describing and Recognizing Diagrammatic Sketch Languages (Abstract)

Michele Risi , Universita di Salerno, Italy
Gennaro Costagliola , Universita di Salerno, Italy
Vincenzo Deufemia , Universita di Salerno, Italy
pp. 1226-1231
Table Understanding

An Approach towards Benchmarking of Table Structure Recognition Results (Abstract)

Thomas Kieninger , German Research Center for AI (DFKI)
Andreas Dengel , University of Kaiserslautern, Germany
pp. 1232-1236

Table Recognition Evaluation and Combination Methods (Abstract)

Ferihane Kboubi , University of Manouba, Tunisia
Anja Habacha Chabi , University of Manouba, Tunisia
Mohamed Ben Ahmed , University of Manouba, Tunisia
pp. 1237-1241

A Model for Detecting and Merging Vertically Spanned Table Cells in Plain Text Documents (Abstract)

Steve Cassidy , Macquarie University Sydney, Australia
Robert Dale , Macquarie University Sydney, Australia
Vanessa Long , Macquarie University Sydney, Australia
pp. 1242-1246

Table Structure Analysis Based on Cell Classification and Cell Modification for XML Document Transformation (Abstract)

Kazuo SUMITA , Toshiba Corporation, Japana
Kosei FUME , Toshiba Corporation, Japana
Yasuto ISHITANI , Toshiba Corporation, Japana
pp. 1247-1252
Applications 2

Dynamic Signature Verification Using Discriminative Training (Abstract)

Dmitry Markman , IBM Haifa Research Lab, University Campus,Israel
Jianying Hu , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center,NY
Andre Heilper , IBM Haifa Research Lab, University Campus,Israel
Gregory F. Russell , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center,NY
Alain Biem , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center,NY
pp. 1260-1264

Online Chinese Character Recognition System with Handwritten Pinyin Input (Abstract)

Feng-Jun GUO , Motorola Labs, China Research Center, Shanghai, P. R. China
Qing-Shan CHEN , Motorola Labs, China Research Center, Shanghai, P. R. China
Li-Xin ZHEN , Motorola Labs, China Research Center, Shanghai, P. R. China
Yong GE , Motorola Labs, China Research Center, Shanghai, P. R. China
pp. 1265-1269

Distinguishing Mathematics Notation from English Text using Computational Geometry (Abstract)

Henry S. Baird , Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA
Derek M. Drake , Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA
pp. 1270-1274

A Comparison of Clustering Methods for Writer Identification and Verification (Abstract)

Marius Bulacu , AI Institute, Groningen University, The Netherlands
Lambert Schomaker , AI Institute, Groningen University, The Netherlands
pp. 1275-1279

Use of Exterior Contours and Shape Features in Off-line Signature Verification (Abstract)

Sargur Srihari , University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, USA
Siyuan Chen , University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, USA
pp. 1280-1284
Author Index

Author Index (Abstract)

pp. 1285
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