The Community for Technology Leaders
2013 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (2003)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Aug. 3, 2003 to Aug. 6, 2003
ISBN: 0-7695-1960-1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
7B: Web Documents and Video

Identifying Story and Preview Images in News Web Pages (Abstract)

Jianying Hu , Avaya Labs Research
Amit Bagga , Avaya Labs Research
pp. 640

Caption Text Recognition in Video Frames by MAP Matching (Abstract)

Akira Nakamura , SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.
Kazuhiko Yamamoto , Gifu University
pp. 650
7C: Feature Selection

Optimizing Binary Feature Vector Similarity Measure using Genetic Algorithm and Handwritten Character Recognition (Abstract)

Sung-Hyuk Cha , Pace University, Pleasantville, New York
Charles C. Tappert , Pace University, Pleasantville, New York
Sargur N. Srihari , University at Buffalo, State University of New York
pp. 662

Unsupervised Feature Selection Using Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms for Handwritten Word Recognition (Abstract)

M. Morita , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure, Montreal, Canada; Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence, Montreal, Canada
R. Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure, Montreal, Canada; Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence, Montreal, Canada; Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?, Curitiba, Brazil
F. Bortolozzi , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran?, Curitiba, Brazil
C. Y. Suen , Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence, Montreal, Canada
pp. 666

Feature Selection for Ensembles: A Hierarchical Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm Approach (Abstract)

L. S. Oliveira , Ecole de Technologie Sup?rieure - Montreal, Canada; Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence - Montreal, Canada
R. Sabourin , Ecole de Technologie Sup?rieure - Montreal, Canada; Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence - Montreal, Canada; Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran? - Curitiba, Brazil
F. Bortolozzi , Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran? - Curitiba, Brazil
C. Y. Suen , Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence - Montreal, Canada
pp. 676
8A: Competitions

ICDAR 2003 Robust Reading Competitions (Abstract)

S. M. Lucas , University of Essex
A. Panaretos , University of Essex
L. Sosa , University of Essex
A. Tang , University of Essex
S. Wong , University of Essex
R. Young , University of Essex
pp. 682

ICDAR 2003 Page Segmentation Competition (Abstract)

A. Antonacopoulos , University of Liverpool
B. Gatos , Institute of Informatics and Telecomunications
D. Karatzas , University of Liverpool
pp. 688
8B: Postal Automation and Cheque Processing

An Image-based Mail Facing and Orientation System for Enhanced Postal Automation (Abstract)

Kenneth Nitz , SRI International
Wayne Cruz , SRI International
Hrishikesh Aradhye , SRI International
Talia Shaham , SRI International
Gregory Myers , SRI International
pp. 694

Segmentation of Postal Envelopes for Address Block Location: an approach based on feature selection in wavelet space (Abstract)

David Menoti , Pontifical Catholic University of Parana (PUCPR)
D?bio Leandro Borges , Pontifical Catholic University of Parana (PUCPR)
Jacques Facon , Pontifical Catholic University of Parana (PUCPR)
Alceu de Souza Britto Jr , Pontifical Catholic University of Parana (PUCPR)
pp. 699

Automatic Segmentation and Recognition System for Handwritten Dates on Canadian Bank Cheques (Abstract)

Qizhi Xu , Concordia University
Louisa Lam , Concordia University; Hong Kong Institute of Education
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 704
8C: Image Quality and Style

Estimating Degradation Model Parameters from Character Images (Abstract)

Hok Sum Yam , Boise State University
Elisa H. Barney Smith , Boise State University
pp. 710

Skew Detection for Complex Document Images Using Fuzzy Runlength (Abstract)

Zhixin Shi , State University of New York at Buffalo
Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 715

A Case Restoration Approach to Named Entity Tagging in Degraded Documents (Abstract)

Rohini K. Srihari , Cymfony Inc
Cheng Niu , Cymfony Inc.
Wei Li , Cymfony Inc.
Jihong Ding , Cymfony Inc.
pp. 720
Posters II: Classifiers/Algorithms

An Evolutionary Algorithm for General Symbol Segmentation (Abstract)

Stephen Pearce , University Of Guelph
Maher Ahmed , Wilfrid Laurier University
pp. 726

Recognition of Rotated Characters by Eigen-space (Abstract)

Hiroyuki Hase , Fukui University, Japan
Toshiyuki Shinokawa , Toyama National College of Maritime Technology, Japan
Masaaki Yoneda , Toyama University, Japan
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University, Canada
pp. 731

Directional Wavelet Approach to Remove Document Image Interference (Abstract)

Qian Wang , National University of Singapore
Tao Xia , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
Lida Li , National University of Singapore
pp. 736

A Component-Labeling Algorithm Using Contour Tracing Technique (Abstract)

Fu Chang , Institute of Information Science
Chun-Jen Chen , Institute of Information Science
pp. 741

Automated Segmentation of Math-Zones from Document Images (Abstract)

S. P. Chowdhury , CST Department B. E. College (D.U.)
S. Mandal , CST Department B. E. College (D.U.)
A. K. Das , CST Department B. E. College (D.U.)
Bhabatosh Chanda , Indian Statistical Unit
pp. 755

Confidence Evaluation for Combining Diverse Classifiers (Abstract)

Hongwei Hao , University of Science and Technology Beijing
Cheng-Lin Liu , Hitachi, Ltd.
Hiroshi Sako , Hitachi, Ltd.
pp. 760

Comparison of Genetic Algorithm and Sequential Search Methods for Classifier Subset Selection (Abstract)

Hongwei Hao , University of Science and Technology Beijing
Cheng-Lin Liu , Hitachi, Ltd.
Hiroshi Sako , Hitachi, Ltd.
pp. 765

Binary Classification Trees for Multi-class Classification Problems (Abstract)

Jin-Seon Lee , Woosuk University, Korea
Il-Seok Oh , Chonbuk National University, Korea
pp. 770

A Text Watermarking Algorithm based on Word Classification and Inter-word Space Statistics (Abstract)

Young-Won Kim , Chonbuk National University, Korea
Kyung-Ae Moon , ETRI, Korea
Il-Seok Oh , Chonbuk National University, Korea
pp. 775

An Improved Parallel Thinning Algorithm (Abstract)

Lei Huang , Chinese Academy of Sciences
Genxun Wan , Chinese Academy of Sciences
Changping Liu , Chinese Academy of Sciences
pp. 780

Enhancing Efficiency and Speed of an Off-line Classifier Employed for On-line Handwriting Recognition of a Large Character Set (Abstract)

Ondrej Velek , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
pp. 784

Mirror Image Learning for Autoassociative Neural Networks (Abstract)

Shusaku Shimizu , Mie University
Wataru Ohyama , Mie University
Tetsushi Wakabayashi , Mie University
Fumitaka Kimura , Mie University
pp. 804

Image Segmentation By Learning Approach (Abstract)

Horacio Andr?s Legal-Ayala , Pontifical Catholic University of Parana (PUCPR)
Jacques Facon , Pontifical Catholic University of Parana (PUCPR)
pp. 819

Intelligent Zoning Design Using Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms (Abstract)

Paulo V. W. Radtke , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure - Montreal, Canada; Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran? - Curitiba, Brazil
Luiz S. Oliveira , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure - Montreal, Canada
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure - Montreal, Canada; Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Paran? - Curitiba, Brazil
Tony Wong , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure - Montreal, Canada
pp. 824

Using tree-grammars for training set expansion in page classification (Abstract)

Stefano Baldi , DSI - University of Florence - Italy
Simone Marinai , DSI - University of Florence - Italy
Giovanni Soda , DSI - University of Florence - Italy
pp. 829

A Low-Cost Parallel K-Means VQ Algorithm Using Cluster Computing (Abstract)

Alceu de S. Britto Jr , Pontif?cia Univ. Cat?lica do Paran?; Univ. Estadual de Ponta Grossa
Paulo S. L. de Souza , Univ. Estadual de Ponta Grossa
Robert Sabourin , ?cole de Technologie Sup?rieure; Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
Simone R. S. de Souza , Univ. Estadual de Ponta Grossa
D?bio L. Borges , Pontif?cia Univ. Cat?lica do Paran?
pp. 839

Combining Online and Offline Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Alessandro Vinciarelli , Institut Dalle Molle d'Intelligence Artificielle Perceptive
Michael Perrone , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
pp. 844

Combination of Type III Digit Recognizers using the Dempster-Shafer Theory of Evidence (Abstract)

Catalin I. Tomai , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition (CEDAR)
Sargur N. Srihari , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition (CEDAR)
pp. 854

Comparison of Some Thresholding Algorithms for Text/Background Segmentation in Difficult Document Images (Abstract)

Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University
Chen Yan , Nanyang Technological University
Kalyan Takru , Nanyang Technological University
Joie Hadi Nata Tan , Nanyang Technological University
Li Mian , Nanyang Technological University
pp. 859
Keynote Paper IV

Analysis and Recognition of Asian Scripts - the State of the Art (Abstract)

Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
Shunji Mori , University of Aizu
Soo H. Kim , Chonnam National University
Cheung H. Leung , University of Hong Kong
pp. 866
9A: Non-Latin Alphabets - Arabic/Indian

Multi-Script Line identification from Indian Documents (Abstract)

U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
S. Sinha , Indian Statistical Institute
B. B. Chaudhuri , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 880

Devising Interactive Access Techniques for Indian Language Document Images (Abstract)

Santanu Chaudhury , Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Geetika Sethi , Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Anand Vyas , Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Gaurav Harit , Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
pp. 885

HMM Based Approach for Handwritten Arabic Word Recognition Using the IFN/ENIT- Database (Abstract)

Mario Pechwitz , Technical University Braunschweig
Volker Maergner , Technical University Braunschweig
pp. 890

Arabic Newspaper Page Segmentation (Abstract)

Karim Hadjar , University of Fribourg
Rolf Ingold , University of Fribourg
pp. 895

Combination of Pruned Kohonen Maps for On-line Arabic Characters Recognition (Abstract)

Neila Mezghani , INRS-Telecommunications
Mohamed Cheriet , Ecole de Technologie Sup?rieure
Amar Mitiche , INRS-Telecommunications
pp. 900
9B: Forms and Tables

Consensus-Based Table Form Recognition (Abstract)

Heath E. Nielson , Brigham Young University
William A. Barrett , Brigham Young University
pp. 906

Graph Grammar Based Analysis System of Complex Table Form Document (Abstract)

Akira Amano , Kyoto University
Naoki Asada , Hiroshima City University
pp. 916

A Prototype of an Active Form System (Abstract)

Taro Shimamura , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Bilan Zhu , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Atsushi Masuda , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Motoki Onuma , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Takeshi Sakurada , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Yasushi Kuronuma , Alpha Tech Co., Ltd
pp. 921

Form Reading based on Form-type Identification and Form-data Recognition (Abstract)

Hiroshi Sako , Hitachi, Ltd.
Minenobu Seki , Hitachi, Ltd.
Naohiro Furukawa , Hitachi, Ltd.
Hisashi Ikeda , Hitachi, Ltd.
Atsuhiro Imaizumi , Hitachi, Ltd.
pp. 926
9C: Writer Identification

Multi-Expert Verification of Hand-Written Signatures (Abstract)

L. Bovino , Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per l?Informatica (CINI)
S. Impedovo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
G. Pirlo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
L. Sarcinella , Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per l?Informatica (CINI)
pp. 932

Writer Identification Using Edge-Based Directional Features (Abstract)

Marius Bulacu , Groningen University
Lambert Schomaker , Groningen University
Louis Vuurpijl , Nijmegen University
pp. 937

Writer Identification Using Directional Element Features and Linear Transform (Abstract)

Xianliang Wang , Tsinghua University
Xiaoqing Ding , Tsinghua University
Hailong Liu , Tsinghua University
pp. 942

Information Retrieval Based Writer Identification (Abstract)

A. Bensefia , Universit? de Rouen
T. Paquet , Universit? de Rouen
L. Heutte , Universit? de Rouen
pp. 946
10A: Classifiers II

A Generic Hybrid Classifier Based on Hierarchical Fuzzy Modeling: Experiments on On-Line Handwritten Character Recognition (Abstract)

Nicolas Ragot , Universit? de Rennes 1 / INSA de Rennes
Eric Anquetil , Universit? de Rennes 1 / INSA de Rennes
pp. 963

Gabor Filter Based Multi-class Classifier for Scanned Document Images (Abstract)

Huanfeng Ma , University of Maryland
David Doermann , University of Maryland
pp. 968
10B: Graphical On-line Recognition

Recognition of On-line Handwritten Mathematical Formulas in the E-Chalk System (Abstract)

Ernesto Tapia , Free University of Berlin
Ra? Rojas , Free University of Berlin
pp. 980

Automatic Classification of Hand Drawn Geometric Shapes using Constructional Sequence Analysis (Abstract)

R.M. Guest , University of Kent
S. Chindaro , University of Kent
M.C. Fairhurst , University of Kent
J.M. Potter , Kent and Canterbury Hospital
pp. 990
10C: Graphics Recognition II

Extraction, layout analysis and classification of diagrams in PDF documents (Abstract)

Robert P. Futrelle , Northeastern University
Mingyan Shao , Northeastern University
Chris Cieslik , Northeastern University
Andrea Elaina Grimes , Northeastern University
pp. 1007

Vectorization with the Voronoi L-diagram (Abstract)

A. Gribov , ESRI, Inc.
E. Bodansky , ESRI, Inc.
pp. 1015

A Line Drawings Degradation Model for Performance Characterization (Abstract)

Jian Zhai , City University of Hong Kong
Liu Wenyin , City University of Hong Kong
Dov Dori , Technion, Israel
Qing Li , City University of Hong Kong
pp. 1020
Keynote Paper V

Making Documents Work: Challenges for Document Understanding (Abstract)

Andreas R. Dengel , German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI)
pp. 1026
11A: Online Handwriting Recognition

A Neural-Evolutionary Approach for Feature and Architecture Selection in Online Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Brijesh Verma , Griffith University-Gold Coast Campus, Australia
Moumita Ghosh , Griffith University-Gold Coast Campus, Australia
pp. 1038

On-line Overlaid-Handwriting Recognition Based on Substroke HMMs (Abstract)

Hiroshi Shimodaira , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Takashi Sudo , Toshiba Corporation Digital Media Network Company
Mitsuru Nakai , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Shigeki Sagayama , The University of Tokyo
pp. 1043

A Flexible Recognition Engine for Complex On-line Handwritten Character Recognition (Abstract)

Sanparith Marukatat , Universit? de Paris 6
Rudy Sicard , Universit? de Paris 6
Thierry Arti?res , Universit? de Paris 6
Patrick Gallinari , Universit? de Paris 6
pp. 1048

N-Gram and N-Class Models for On line Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Freddy Perraud , Vision Objects
Christian Viard-Gaudin , Institut de Recherche en Communications et Cybern?tique de Nantes
Emmanuel Morin , Institut de Recherche en Informatique de Nantes
Pierre-Michel Lallican , Vision Objects
pp. 1053
11B: Document Understanding II

Towards a Ptolemaic Model for OCR (Abstract)

Sriharsha Veeramachaneni , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
George Nagy , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
pp. 1060

The Callpaper Concept: Turning Paper into Computer Terminals (Abstract)

Stefan Jaeger , Tokyo University of Agri. & Tech.
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agri. & Tech.
pp. 1065

Numeral Recognition by Weighting Local Decisions (Abstract)

G. Dimauro , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
S. Impedovo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
R. Modugno , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
G. Pirlo , Universit? degli Studi di Bari
pp. 1070

Text-mining based journal splitting (Abstract)

Xiaofan Lin , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories
pp. 1075
11C: Handwriting Features

Individuality of Handwritten Characters (Abstract)

Bin Zhang , State University of New York at Buffalo
Sargur N. Srihari , State University of New York at Buffalo
Sangjik Lee , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 1086

Study of the Consistency of Some Discriminatory Features Used by Document Examiners in the Analysis of Handwritten Letter ?a? (Abstract)

Philip Jonathan Sutanto , Nanyang Technological University
Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University
Vladimir Pervouchine , Nanyang Technological University
pp. 1091

Individuality of Numerals (Abstract)

Sargur N. Srihari , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition (CEDAR)
Catalin I. Tomai , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition (CEDAR)
Bin Zhang , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition (CEDAR)
Sangjik Lee , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition (CEDAR)
pp. 1096

Offline Recognition of Large Vocabulary Cursive Handwritten Text (Abstract)

A. Vinciarelli , Dalle Molle Institute for Perceptual Artificial Intelligence
S. Bengio , Dalle Molle Institute for Perceptual Artificial Intelligence
H. Bunke , University of Bern
pp. 1101
Keynote Paper VI
Posters III: Handwriting/Document Models/Algorithms

A Format-Driven Handwritten Word Recognition System (Abstract)

Xia Liu , State University of New York at Buffalo
Zhixin Shi , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 1118

Recovery of Writing Sequence of Static Images of Handwriting using UWM (Abstract)

K K Lau , Hong Kong Baptist University
Pong C Yuen , Hong Kong Baptist University
Yuan Y Tang , Hong Kong Baptist University
pp. 1123

Segmentation of Bangla Unconstrained Handwritten Text (Abstract)

U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
Sagarika Datta , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 1128

Lexical Postcorrection of OCR-Results: The Web as a Dynamic Secondary Dictionary? (Abstract)

Christian M. Strohmaier , SfS - Univ. of T?bingen
Christoph Ringlstetter , CIS - Univ. of Munich
Klaus U. Schulz , CIS - Univ. of Munich
Stoyan Mihov , LPDP - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
pp. 1133

Mathematical Formulas Extraction (Abstract)

Jianming Jin , Nankai University
Xionghu Han , Nankai University
Qingren Wang , Nankai University
pp. 1138

Analysis of Handwriting Individuality Using Word Features (Abstract)

Bin Zhang , State University of New York at Buffalo
Sargur N. Srihari , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 1142

Structured and Unstructured Document Summarization: Design of a Commercial Summarizer using Lexical Chains (Abstract)

Hassan Alam , BCL Technologies Inc.
Aman Kumar , BCL Technologies Inc.
Mikako Nakamura , BCL Technologies Inc.
Fuad Rahman , BCL Technologies Inc.
Yuliya Tarnikova , BCL Technologies Inc.
Che Wilcox , BCL Technologies Inc.
pp. 1147

Web Page Summarization for Handheld Devices: A Natural Language Approach (Abstract)

Hassan Alam , BCL Technologies Inc.
Rachmat Hartono , BCL Technologies Inc.
Aman Kumar , BCL Technologies Inc.
Fuad Rahman , BCL Technologies Inc.
Yuliya Tarnikova , BCL Technologies Inc.
Che Wilcox , BCL Technologies Inc.
pp. 1153

Web Site: a structured document (Abstract)

Antoine Gagneux , Insa de Lyon
Hubert Emptoz , Insa de Lyon
pp. 1158

Writer Identification based on the fractal construction of a reference base (Abstract)

A. Seropian , Universit? de Toulon et du Var
M. Grimaldi , Universit? de Toulon et du Var
N. Vincent , Laboratoire d'Informatique Universit? de Tours
pp. 1163

Writer Identification from Gray Level Distribution (Abstract)

M. Wirotius , Universit? de Tours
A. Seropian , Universit? de Toulon et du Var
N. Vincent , Universit? de Tours
pp. 1168

A Fast Multifunctional Approach for Document Image Analysis (Abstract)

Abhishek Gattani , Newgen Software Technologies Limited
Maitrayee Mukerji , Newgen Software Technologies Limited
Hareish Gur , Newgen Software Technologies Limited
pp. 1178

Recognition of Printed Urdu Script (Abstract)

U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
Anirban Sarkar , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 1183

Wavelet Diffusion for Document Image Denoising (Abstract)

Lixin Fan , Xerox Research Centre Europe
Liying Fan , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 1188

Localization, Extraction and Recognition of Text in Telugu Document Images (Abstract)

Atul Negi , University of Hyderabad
K. Nikhil Shanker , Institute of Technology
Chandra Kanth Chereddi , Osmania University
pp. 1193

A Novel Approach to Separate Handwritten Connected Digits (Abstract)

Reda Alhajj , University of Calgary
Ashraf Elnagar , University of Sharjah
pp. 1198

A Contour Code Feature Based Segmentation For Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Brijesh Verma , Griffith University-Gold Coast Campus, Australia
pp. 1203

Stippling Data on Backgrounds of Pages - Toward Seamless Integration of Paper and Electronic Documents (Abstract)

Koichi Kise , Osaka Prefecture University
Yasuo Miki , Osaka Prefecture University
Keinosuke Matsumoto , Osaka Prefecture University
pp. 1213

Understanding Document Analysis and Understanding (through Modeling) (Abstract)

Bertin Klein , Deutsches Forschungszentrum f?r K?nstliche Intelligenz (DFKI)
Stefan Agne , Deutsches Forschungszentrum f?r K?nstliche Intelligenz (DFKI)
Andrew D. Bagdanov , University of Amsterdam
pp. 1218

Markov Model Document Retrieval (Abstract)

Michael Perrone , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Alessandro Vinciarelli , Institut Dalle Molle d'Intelligence Artificielle Perceptive
pp. 1223

Handwriting Trajectory Movements Controlled by a B?ta-Elliptic Model (Abstract)

Hala Bezine , National School of Engineers of Sfax
Adel M. Alimi , National School of Engineers of Sfax
Nabil Derbel , National School of Engineers of Sfax
pp. 1228

New Approach for the Skeletonization of Handwritten Characters in Gray-Level Images (Abstract)

Amer Dawoud , University of Waterloo, Canada
Mohamed Kamel , University of Waterloo, Canada
pp. 1233

Generalized Hough Transform for Arabic Optical Character Recognition (Abstract)

Sofien Touj , Ecole Nationale d?Ing?nieurs de Tunis
Najoua Essoukri Ben Amara , Ecole Nationale d?Ing?nieurs de Monastir
Hamid Amiri , Ecole Nationale d?Ing?nieurs de Tunis
pp. 1242

Shock Filters for Character Image Enhancement and Peeling (Abstract)

Mohamed Cheriet , University of Quebec at Montr?al
pp. 1247

Integration of Contextual Information in Handwriting Recognition Systems (Abstract)

F. Grandidier , Concordia University; LIVIA, ETS
R. Sabourin , Concordia University; LIVIA, ETS
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 1252

SAGENT: A Novel Technique for Document Modeling for Secure Access and Distribution (Abstract)

S. Hoque , University of Kent
H. Selim , University of Kent
G. Howells , University of Kent
M. C. Fairhurst , University of Kent
F. Deravi , University of Kent
pp. 1257

A Database for Handwriting Recognition Research in Sinhala Language (Abstract)

H. C. Fernando , Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology
N. D. Kodikara , University of Colombo School of Computing
S. Hewavitharana , University of Colombo School of Computing
pp. 1262

XPEN: An XML Based Format for Distributed Online Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

A. P. Lenaghan , Kingston University, UK
R. R. Malyan , Kingston University, UK
pp. 1270
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