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Proceedings of Sixth International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (2001)
Seattle, Washington
Sept. 10, 2001 to Sept. 13, 2001
ISBN: 0-7695-1263-1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Poster Session III

Extracting textual inserts from digital videos (Abstract)

A. Miene , Image Process. Dept., Bremen Univ., Germany
pp. 1079,1080,1081,1082,1083

Preface (PDF)

pp. xxi

Reviewers (PDF)

pp. xxiv
Invited Paper

Establishing Handwriting Individuality Using Pattern Recognition Techniques (Abstract)

Sargur N. Srihari , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition (CEDAR) University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Sung-Hyuk Cha , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition (CEDAR) University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Sangjik Lee , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition (CEDAR) University at Buffalo, State University of New York
pp. 1195
Handwriting Classifiers I

A Candidate Reduction Method for Handwritten Kanji Character Recognition (Abstract)

Eiki Ishidera , Multi Media Research Labs, NEC Corporation
Atsushi Sato , Multi Media Research Labs, NEC Corporation
pp. 0008

Recognition of Unconstrained Handwritten Numeral Strings Using Decision Value Generator (Abstract)

Kye Kyung Kim , Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Taejon, Korea and CENPARMI, Concordia University
Yun Koo Chung , Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Taejon, Korea
Jin Ho Kim , CENPARMI, Concordia University and Kyungil University
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 0014

An Hybrid MLP-SVM Handwritten Digit Recognizer (Abstract)

A. Bellili , LIP6, Université Pierre et Marie Curie and La Poste
M. Gilloux , La Poste
P. Gallinari , LIP6, Université Pierre et Marie Curie
pp. 0028
Image Processing I

Binarizing Document Image Using Coplanar Prefilter (Abstract)

Liying Fan , National University of Singapore
Lixin Fan , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 0034

Separation of Overlapping Text from Graphics (Abstract)

Ruini Cao , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 0044

Binarization of Document Images Using Image Dependent Model (Abstract)

Amer Dawoud , University of Waterloo
Mohamed Kamel , University of Waterloo
pp. 0049

Binarising Camera Images for OCR (Abstract)

Mauritius Seeger , Xerox Research Centre Europe
Christopher Dance , Xerox Research Centre Europe
pp. 0054
OCR and Document Understanding

Character Spotting Using Image-Based Stochastic Models (Abstract)

Seon-Kyu Kim , Pukyong National University
Bong-Kee Sin , Pukyong National University
Seong-Whan Lee , Center for Artificial Vision Research, Korea University
pp. 0060

A Class-Modularity for Character Recognition (Abstract)

Il-Seok Oh , Chonbuk National University
Jin-Seon Lee , Woosuk University
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 0064

Planar Markov Modeling for Arabic Writing Recognition: Advancement State (Abstract)

Housem Miled , Faculté des Sciences de Monastir, Tunisie
Najoua Essoukri Ben Amara , Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Monastir, Tunisie
pp. 0069

Character Preclassification Based on Fuzzy Typographical Analysis (Abstract)

Lu Da , Changshu College
Pu Wei , Changshu College
Brendan McCane , University of Otago
pp. 0074

Fine-Grained Document Genre Classification Using First Order Random Graphs (Abstract)

Andrew D. Bagdanov , University of Amsterdam
Marcel Worring , University of Amsterdam
pp. 0079
Handwriting Features and Writer Identification

Handwriting Stroke Extraction Using a New XYTC Transform (Abstract)

Gilles F. Houle , Computer Sciences Corporation
Katerina Blinova , Computer Sciences Corporation
M. Shridhar , University Michigan-Dearborn
pp. 0091

Writer Identification Using Text Line Based Features (Abstract)

U.-V. Marti , Universität Bern
R. Messerli , Universität Bern
H. Bunke , Universität Bern
pp. 0101

Individuality of Handwriting: A Validation Study (Abstract)

Sargur N. Srihari , University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Sung-Hyuk Cha , University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Hina Arora , University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Sangjik Lee , University at Buffalo, State University of New York
pp. 0106

Fuzzy Modeling Based Signature Verification System. (Abstract)

M. Hanmandlu , Multimedia University
K R Murali Mohan , Department of Science & Technology
Sourav Chakraborty , University of Delhi
Gaurav Garg , Delhi College of Engineering
pp. 0110
Evaluation

Evaluating Document Analysis Results via Graph Probing (Abstract)

Daniel Lopresti , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies Inc.
Gordon Wilfong , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies Inc.
pp. 0116

Performance Evaluation of a Robust Method for Mathematical Expression Recognition (Abstract)

Masayuki Okamoto , Shinshu University
Hiroki Imai , Shinshu University
Kazuhiko Takagi , Shinshu University
pp. 0121

Why Table Ground-Truthing is Hard (Abstract)

Jianying Hu , Avaya Labs
Ramanujan Kashi , Avaya Labs
Daniel Lopresti , Bell Labs
Gordon Wilfong , Bell Labs
George Nagy , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
pp. 0129

An Automatic Performance Evaluation Method for Document Page Segmentation (Abstract)

Liangrui Peng , Tsinghua University
Ming Chen , Tsinghua University
Changsong Liu , Tsinghua University
Xiaoqing Ding , Tsinghua University
Jirong Zheng , Tsinghua University
pp. 0134

Benchmarking Commercial OCR Engines for Technical Drawings Indexing (Abstract)

J.C. Lecoq , PSI, Insa de Rouen
L. Najman , Océ Print Logic Technologies
O. Gibot , Océ Print Logic Technologies
E. Trupin , PSI, Université de Rouen
pp. 0138

Truthing, Testing and Evaluation Issues in Complex Systems (Abstract)

Srirangaraj Setlur , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition
Venu Govindaraju , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition
Sargur Srihari , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition
Alfred Lawson , United States Postal Service
pp. 1205
Word Recognition

Robust Word Recognition for Museum Archive Card Indexing (Abstract)

S.M. Lucas , University of Essex
A.C. Tams , University of Essex
Sung J. Cho , University of Essex
A.C. Downton , University of Essex
Sungho Ryu , AI Lab, Division of Computer Science, KAIST
pp. 0144

Word Discrimination Based on Bigram Co-Occurrences (Abstract)

Adnan El-Nasan , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Sriharsha Veeramachaneni , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
George Nagy , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
pp. 0149

Adaptive N-Best List Handwritten Word Recognition (Abstract)

Thomas Y. Kwok , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Michael P. Perrone , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
pp. 0168
Poster Session I

Automated Discovery of Dependencies Between Logical Components in Document Image Understanding (Abstract)

Donato Malerba , Università degli Studi di Bari
Floriana Esposito , Università degli Studi di Bari
Francesca A. Lisi , Università degli Studi di Bari
Oronzo Altamura , Università degli Studi di Bari
pp. 0174

Handwritten Chinese Character Segmentation Using a Two-Stage Approach (Abstract)

Shuyan Zhao , Institute of Image Processing and Pattern Recognition and The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Zheru Chi , The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Pengfei Shi , Shanghai JiaoTong University
Qing Wang , The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Northwestern Polytechnical University
pp. 0179

Word Segmentation in Handwritten Korean Text Lines Based on Gap Clustering Techniques (Abstract)

Soo H. Kim , Concordia University
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
S. Jeong , ETRI
Guee-Sang Lee , Chonnam National University
pp. 0189

Segmenting Document Images Using Diagonal White Runs and Vertical Edges (Abstract)

Boulos Waked , Concordia University
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
Sabine Bergler , Concordia University
pp. 0194

Detection of Word Groups Based on Irregular Pyramid (Abstract)

Poh Kok Loo , Singapore Polytechnic
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 0200

New Paradigm for Segmentation and Recognition of Handwritten Numeral String (Abstract)

Sungsoo Yoon , Yonsei University
Yillbyung Lee , Yonsei University
Gyeonghwan Kim , Sogang University
Yeongwoo Choi , Sookmyung Women's University
pp. 0205

Character Segmentation of Color Images from Digital Camera (Abstract)

Kongqiao Wang , Nokia (China) Research Center
Jari A. Kangas , Nokia (China) Research Center
Wenwen Li , Nokia (China) Research Center
pp. 0210

KMOD - A New Support Vector Machine Kernel with Moderate Decreasing for Pattern Recognition. Application to Digit Image Recognition (Abstract)

N.E. Ayat , LIVIA, École de Technologie Supérieure and Concordia University
M. Cheriet , LIVIA, École de Technologie Supérieure
L. Remaki , LIVIA, École de Technologie Supérieure
C.Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 1215

Video-Based On-line Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Gernot A. Fink , Bielefeld University
Markus Wienecke , Bielefeld University
Gerhard Sagerer , Bielefeld University
pp. 0226

Multi-Branch and Two-Pass HMM Modeling Approaches for Off-Line Cursive Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Wenwei Wang , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Anja Brakensiek , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Andreas Kosmala , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Gerhard Rigoll , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
pp. 0231

Active Radical Modeling for Handwritten Chinese Characters (Abstract)

Daming Shi , University of Southampton
Steve R. Gunn , University of Southampton
Robert I. Damper , University of Southampton
pp. 0236

A Comparison of Character N-Grams and Dictionaries Used for Script Recognition (Abstract)

Anja Brakensiek , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Gerhard Rigoll , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
pp. 0241

How Conditional Independence Assumption Affects Handwritten Character Segmentation (Abstract)

M. Maragoudakis , University of Patras
E. Kavallieratou , University of Patras
N. Fakotakis , University of Patras
G. Kokkinakis , University of Patras
pp. 0246

A Handwritten Character Recognition Method with ANN Feedback (Abstract)

Zhu Xiaoyan , Tsinghua University
Shi Yifan , Tsinghua University
pp. 0255

Dual-Binarization and Anisotropic Diffusion of Chinese Characters in Calligraphy Documents (Abstract)

Shen-Zheng Wang , National Chiao Tung University
Hsi-Jian Lee , National Chiao Tung University
pp. 0271

A Bezier Curve-Based Approach to Shape Description for Chinese Calligraphy Characters (Abstract)

Hsi-Ming Yang , National Chiao Tung University
Jainn-Jyh Lu , National Chiao Tung University
Hsi-Jian Lee , National Chiao Tung University
pp. 0276

Arabic Hand-Written Text-Line Extraction (Abstract)

A. Zahour , Université du Havre
B. Taconet , Université du Havre
P. Mercy , Université du Havre
S. Ramdane , Université du Havre
pp. 0281

Multi-Skew Detection of Indian Script Documents (Abstract)

U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
M. Mitra , Indian Statistical Institute
B.B. Chaudhuri , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 0292

A Ruled-Line Extraction Method for Digital Camera Images (Abstract)

Katsuhito Fujimoto , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Atsuko Ohara , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
Satoshi Naoi , Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.
pp. 0297

Text Extraction from Gray Scale Document Images Using Edge Information (Abstract)

Q. Yuan , National University of Singapore
C. L. Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 0302

Gray Level Use in a Handwriting Fractal Approach and Morphological Properties Quantification (Abstract)

N. Vincent , LI/ E3I - Université de Tours
T. Freche , LI/ E3I - Université de Tours
pp. 0307

An Efficient Correlation Computation Method for Binary Images Based on Matrix Factorisation (Abstract)

R. Bogush , Polotsk State University
S. Maltsev , Polotsk State University
S. Ablameyko , Institute of Engineering Cybernetics
S. Uchida , Kyushu University
S. Kamata , Kyushu University
pp. 0312

Marginal Noise Removal of Document Images (Abstract)

Kuo-Chin Fan , National Central University
Tsann-Ran Lay , National Central University
Yuan-Kai Wang , Fu Jen University
pp. 0317

Pitman Shorthand Inspired Model for Plain Text Compression (Abstract)

P Nagabhushan , University of Mysore
S Murali , University of Mysore
pp. 0322
Classifiers and Learning

A Multi-Net Local Learning Framework for Pattern Recognition (Abstract)

Jian-xiong Dong , Concordia University
Adam Krzyzak , Concordia University
C. Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 0328

Document Image Decoding Using Iterated Complete Path Search with Subsampled Heuristic Scoring (Abstract)

Dan S. Bloomberg , Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
Kris Popat , Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
Thomas P. Minka , Carnegie Mellon University
pp. 0344

An a priori Indicator of the Discrimination Power of Discrete Hidden Markov Models (Abstract)

F. Grandidier , Concordia University, LIVIA, ETS, and Pôle ILA, SRTP
R. Sabourin , Concordia University and LIVIA, ETS
M. Gilloux , Pôle ILA, SRTP
C.Y. Suen , LIVIA, ETS
pp. 0350
Graphics Recognition

On-Line Recognition of UML Diagrams (Abstract)

E. Lank , Queen's University
J. Thorley , Queen's University
S. Chen , Queen's University
D. Blostein , Queen's University
pp. 0356

Cadastre Map Assembling: A Puzzle Game Resolution (Abstract)

Jean-Marc Viglino , Institut Géographique National
Laurent Guigues , Institut Géographique National
pp. 1235

High-Quality Polygonal Contour Approximation Based on Relaxation (Abstract)

Artem Mikheev , LizardTech, Inc.
Luc Vincent , LizardTech, Inc.
Vance Faber , LizardTech, Inc.
pp. 0361
Document Analysis Systems and Check Processing

Web-based Cooperative Document Understanding (Abstract)

Nicolas Roussel , University of Fribourg
Oliver Hitz , University of Fribourg
Rolf Ingold , University of Fribourg
pp. 0368

Networking Digital Document Images (Abstract)

F. Le Bourgeois , I.N.S.A. de LYON - Bât 403
H. Emptoz , I.N.S.A. de LYON - Bât 403
E. Trinh , I.N.S.A. de LYON - Bât 403
J. Duong , I.N.S.A. de LYON - Bât 403
pp. 0379

A Knowledge-Based Segmentation System for Handwritten Dates on Bank Cheques (Abstract)

Qizhi Xu , Concordia University
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
Louisa Lam , Hong Kong Institute of Education and Concordia University
pp. 0384

A Modular System to Recognize Numerical Amounts on Brazilian Bank Checks (Abstract)

L. S. Oliveira , PUCPR Pontif´ícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PPGIA-LARDOC), TS-Ecole de Technologie Supérieure (LIVIA), and CENPARMI
R. Sabourin , PUCPR Pontif´ícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PPGIA-LARDOC), TS-Ecole de Technologie Supérieure (LIVIA), and CENPARMI Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
F. Bortolozzi , PUCPR Pontif´ícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PPGIA-LARDOC)
C. Y. Suen , CENPARMI Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
pp. 0389
Handwriting Classifiers II

A Two-Stage HMM-Based System for Recognizing Handwritten Numeral Strings (Abstract)

Alceu de S. Britto Jr , Pontifícia University Católica do Paraná and University Estadual de Ponta Grossa
Robert Sabourin , École de Technologie Supérieure and Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
Flavio Bortolozzi , Pontifícia University Católica do Paraná
Ching Y. Suen , Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
pp. 0396

Active Digit Classifiers: A Separability Optimization Approach to Emulate Cognition (Abstract)

Ankur Teredesai , State University of New York at Buffalo
Venu Govindaraju , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 0401

Strategies for Combining On-line and Off-line Information in an On-line Handwriting Recognition System (Abstract)

N. Gauthier , Université Paris 6
T. Artières , Université Paris 6
P. Gallinari , Université Paris 6
B. Dorizzi , Institut National des Télécommunications
pp. 0412

Off-line Hand-written Character Recognition Using Integrated 1D HMMs Based on Feature Extraction Filters (Abstract)

Hiromitsu Nishimura , Kanagawa Institute of Technology
Masayoshi Tsutsumi , Kanagawa Institute of Technology
Minoru Maruyama , Shinshu University
Hidetoshi Miyao , Shinshu University
Yasuaki Nakano , Shinshu University
pp. 0417
Image Processing II

Handwritten Japanese Character Recognition Using Adaptive Normalization by Global Affine Transformation (Abstract)

Toru Wakahara , Hosei University
Yoshimasa Kimura , NTT Cyber Solutions Laboratories
Mutsuo Sano , NTT Cyber Solutions Laboratories
pp. 0424

Recovery of Distorted Document Images from Bound Volumes (Abstract)

Zheng Zhang , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 0429

Nonuniform Slant Correction Using Dynamic Programming (Abstract)

Seiichi Uchida , Kyushu University
Eiji Taira , Kyushu University
Hiroaki Sakoe , Kyushu University
pp. 0434

Separating Handwritten Material from Machine Printed Text Using Hidden Markov Models (Abstract)

Jinhong K. Guo , Panasonic Information and Networking Technologies Laboratory
Matthew Y. Ma , Panasonic Information and Networking Technologies Laboratory
pp. 0439

Efficient Conversion of Digital Documents to Multilayer Raster Formats (Abstract)

Léon Bottou , AT&T Labs - Research
Patrick Haffner , AT&T Labs - Research
Yann LeCun , AT&T Labs - Research
pp. 0444
Applications I

Exploration of Contextual Constraints for Character Pre-Classification (Abstract)

Tin Kam Ho , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies
George Nagy , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
pp. 0450

Learning of Structural Descriptions of Graphic Symbols Using Deformable Template Matching (Abstract)

Ernest Valveny , Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
Enric Martí , Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
pp. 0455

Online Recognition of Sketched Electrical Diagrams (Abstract)

Jean-Philippe Valois , LIVIA, École de Technologie Supérieure
Myriam Côté , LIVIA, École de Technologie Supérieure
Mohamed Cheriet , LIVIA, École de Technologie Supérieure
pp. 0460

A Graph Grammar to Recognize Textured Symbols (Abstract)

Gemma Sánchez , Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
Josep Lladós , Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
pp. 0465

ICAR: Identity Card Automatic Reader (Abstract)

Josep Lladós , Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
Felipe Lumbreras , Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
Vicente Chapaprieta , Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
Joan Queralt , Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
pp. 0470
Online Handwriting

Incremental Hierarchical Discriminant Regression for Online Image Classification (Abstract)

Juyang Weng , Michigan State University
Wey-Shiuan Hwang , Michigan State University
pp. 0476

Character Recognition Experiments Using Unipen Data (Abstract)

Marc Parizeau , Université Laval
Alexandre Lemieux , Université Laval
Christian Gagné , Université Laval
pp. 0481

Comparing Adaptation Techniques for On-Line Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Anja Brakensiek , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Andreas Kosmala , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Gerhard Rigoll , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
pp. 0486

Substroke Approach to HMM-Based On-line Kanji Handwriting Recognition (Abstract)

Mitsuru Nakai , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Naoto Akira , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Hiroshi Shimodaira , Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Shigeki Sagayama , The University of Tokyo
pp. 0491

Collection and Analysis of On-line Handwritten Japanese Character Patterns (Abstract)

Kaoru Matsumoto , Tokyo University of Agriculture &Technology
Takahiro Fukushima , Tokyo University of Agriculture &Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture &Technology
pp. 0496

Speeding Up On-line Recognition of Handwritten Characters by Pruning the Prototype Set (Abstract)

Vuokko Vuori , Helsinki University of Technology
Jorma Laaksonen , Helsinki University of Technology
Erkki Oja , Helsinki University of Technology
Jari Kangas , Nokia Research Center
pp. 0501
Tables

Three Approaches to "Industrial" Table Spotting (Abstract)

Bertin Klein , Insiders Information Management GmbH
Serdar Gökkus , Insiders Information Management GmbH
Thomas Kieninger , Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz (DFKI)
Andreas Dengel , Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz (DFKI)
pp. 0513

Applying the T-Recs Table Recognition System to the Business Letter Domain (Abstract)

Thomas Kieninger , German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI GmbH)
Andreas Dengel , German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI GmbH)
pp. 0518

Automatic Table Ground Truth Generation and a Background-Analysis-Based Table Structure Extraction Method (Abstract)

Yalin Wang , University of Washington Seattle
Robert Haralick , University of Washington Seattle
Ihsin T. Phillips , CUNY Flushing
pp. 0528

Table Form Document Synthesis by Grammar-Based Structure Analysis (Abstract)

Akira Amano , Hiroshima City University
Naoki Asada , Hiroshima City University
Takayuki Motoyama , Hiroshima City University
Taiji Sumiyoshi , Hiroshima City University
Koji Suzuki , Hiroshima City University
pp. 0533
Evaluation and Datasets

Zone Content Classification and its Performance Evaluation (Abstract)

Yalin Wang , University of Washington Seattle
Robert Haralick , University of Washington Seattle
Ihsin T. Phillips , CUNY Flushing
pp. 0540

Automatic Performance Evaluation for Video Text Detection (Abstract)

Xian-Sheng Hua , Peking University
Liu Wenyin , Microsoft Research China
Hong-Jiang Zhang , Microsoft Research China
pp. 0545

Match Between Normalization Schemes and Feature Sets for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition (Abstract)

Qing Wang , The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Zheru Chi , The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
David D. Feng , The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Rongchun Zhao , Northwestern Polytechnical University
pp. 0551

Generating Realistic Kanji Character Images from On-Line Patterns (Abstract)

Ondrej Velek , Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology
Cheng-Lin Liu , Hitachi Ltd.
pp. 0556

The GRUHD Database of Greek Unconstrained Handwriting (Abstract)

E. Kavallieratou , University of Patras
N. Liolios , University of Patras
E. Koutsogeorgos , University of Patras
N. Fakotakis , University of Patras
G. Kokkinakis , University of Patras
pp. 0561

Two On-Line Japanese Character Databases in Unipen Format (Abstract)

Stefan Jaeger , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
pp. 0566
Poster Session II

Automatic Seal Verification by Evaluating Positive Cost (Abstract)

Takahiko Horiuchi , Iwate Prefectural University
pp. 0572

A System for Automatic Chinese Business Card Recognition (Abstract)

Wumo Pan , Nankai University
Jianming Jin , Nankai University
Guangshun Shi , Nankai University
Q.R. Wang , Nankai University
pp. 0577

Book Cover Identification by Using Four Directional Features Filed for a Small-Scale Library System (Abstract)

Kenji Iwata , Gifu University
Kazuhiko Yamamoto , Gifu University
Masakazu Yasuda , Gifu University
Kunihito Kato , Gifu University
Masahiko Ishida , Hitachi System & Service, Ltd.
Keishi Murata , R&D Dep. of Softpia Japan
pp. 0582

Indexing Technical Drawings Using Title Block Structure Recognition (Abstract)

Laurent Najman , Océ Print Logic Technologies SA
Olivier Gibot , Océ Print Logic Technologies SA
Stéphane Berche , Océ Print Logic Technologies SA
pp. 0587

Experimental Evaluation of Passage-Based Document Retrieval (Abstract)

Koichi Kise , German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI)
Markus Junker , German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI)
Andreas Dengel , German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI)
Keinosuke Matsumoto , Osaka Prefecture Univ.
pp. 0592

A Document Retrieval Method from Handwritten Characters Based on OCR and Character Shape Information (Abstract)

Taizo Kameshiro , Mitsubishi Electric Co.
Takashi Hirano , Mitsubishi Electric Co.
Yasuhiro Okada , Mitsubishi Electric Co.
Fumio Yoda , Mitsubishi Electric Co.
pp. 0597

Geometric Method for Document Understanding and Classification Using On-line Machine Learning (Abstract)

Cholwich Nattee , Tokyo Institute of Technology
Masayuki Numao , Tokyo Institute of Technology
pp. 0602

An Improved Learning Scheme for the Moving Window Classifier (Abstract)

M. S. Hoque , University of Kent
M. C. Fairhurst , University of Kent
pp. 0607

Handwritten Numeral Recognition Using Flexible Matching Based on Learning of Stroke Statistics (Abstract)

Takashi Kobayashi , Shizuoka University
Kaori Nakamura , Shizuoka University
Hirokazu Muramatsu , Shizuoka University
Takahiro Sugiyama , Shizuoka University
Keiichi Abe , Shizuoka University
pp. 0612

High-Precision Two-Kernel Chinese Character Recognition in General Document Processing Systems (Abstract)

San-Lung Zhao , National Chiao Tung University
Hsi-Jian Lee , National Chiao Tung University
pp. 0617

A System for Recognizing Vietnamese Document Images Based on HMM and Linguistics (Abstract)

Vu Hai Quan , University of Natural Sciences, HoChiMinh
Hoang Kiem , University of Natural Sciences, HoChiMinh
Pham Nam Trung , University of Natural Sciences, HoChiMinh
LamTri Tin , University of Natural Sciences, HoChiMinh
Nguyen Duc Hoang Ha , University of Natural Sciences, HoChiMinh
An. H Nguyen , Northwestern Polytechnic University
pp. 0627

Multiresolution Recognition of Offline Handwritten Chinese Characters with Wavelet Transform (Abstract)

Lei Huang , Chinese Academy of Sciences
Xiao Huang , Michigan State University
pp. 0631

A New Stroke-Based Directional Feature Extraction Approach for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition (Abstract)

Xue Gao , South China University of Technology
Lian-Wen Jin , South China University of Technology
Jun-Xun Yin , South China University of Technology
Jian-Cheng Huang , Motorola China Research Center
pp. 0635

Vertical Bar Detection for Gauging Text Similarity of Document Images (Abstract)

Weihua Huang , University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , University of Singapore
Sam Yuan Sung , University of Singapore
Yi Xu , University of Singapore
pp. 0640

Genetic Algorithms for Feature Selection and Weighting, A Review and Study (Abstract)

Faten Hussein , University of British Columbia
Rabab Ward , University of British Columbia
Nawwaf Kharma , Concordia University
pp. 1240

A Distributed Scheme for Lexicon-Driven Handwritten Word Recognition and its Application to Large Vocabulary Problems (Abstract)

Alessandro L. Koerich , École de Technologie Supérieure
Robert Sabourin , École de Technologie Supérieure
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 0660

Handwritten Isolated Word Recognition: An Approach Based on Mutual Information for Feature Set Validation (Abstract)

Cinthia O. A. Freitas , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Flávio Bortolozzi , Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Robert Sabourin , École de Technologie Supérieure
pp. 0665

Application of Slant Correction to Handwritten Japanese Address Recognition (Abstract)

Yimei Ding , Mie University
Masayuki Okada , Mie University
Fumitaka Kimura , Mie University
Yasuji Miyake , Chubu University
pp. 0670

Analysis of Postal Address Fields for Efficient Encoding of Korean Mail Pieces (Abstract)

Gyeonghwan Kim , Sogang University
Seokgoo Lee , Sogang University
Miyoung Shin , Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
Yun Seok Nam , Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
pp. 0675

Name Block Location in Facsimile Images Using Spatial/Visual Cues (Abstract)

Laurence Likforman-Sulem , Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications
pp. 0680

Handwritten Country Name Identification Using Vector Quantisation and Hidden Markov Model (Abstract)

Graham Leedham , Nanyang Technological University
Wei Kei Tan , Nanyang Technological University
Weng Lee Yap , Nanyang Technological University
pp. 0685

Adaptive Technology for Mail-Order Form Segmentation (Abstract)

A. Belaïd , LORIA-CNRS
Y. Belaïd , LORIA-University of Nancy 2
S. Kébairi , ITESOFT
pp. 0689

A Recursive Analysis for Form Cell Recognition (Abstract)

Hiroshi Shinjo , Hitachi, Ltd.
Eiichi Hadano , Hitachi, Ltd.
Katsumi Marukawa , Hitachi, Ltd.
Yoshihiro Shima , Hitachi, Ltd.
Hiroshi Sako , Hitachi, Ltd.
pp. 0694

Form Frame Line Detection with Directional Single-Connected Chain (Abstract)

Yefeng Zheng , Tsinghua University
Changsong Liu , Tsinghua University
Xiaoqing Ding , Tsinghua University
Shiyan Pan , Tsinghua University
pp. 0699

Form Document Identification Using Line Structure Based Features (Abstract)

Kuo-Chin Fan , National Central University
Mei-Lin Chang , National Central University
Yuan-Kai Wang , Fu Jen University
pp. 0704

Region Segmentation for Table Image with Unknown Complex Structure (Abstract)

Shinji Tsuruoka , Mie University
Toru Tanaka , Mie University
Tomohiro Yoshikawa , Mie University
Tsuyoshi Shinogi , Mie University
Kensuke Takao , Suzuka Fuji Xerox Co.
pp. 0709
Classification and Language Models

Reduction of the Classification Cost Using Hierarchical Classifiers based on the k-NN Rule (Abstract)

Xiangyun Ye , Concordia University
Mohamed Cheriet , Concordia University
Ching Y. Suen , University of Quebec
pp. 0716

An Analytical Handwritten Word Recognition System with Word-level Discriminant Training (Abstract)

Yong Haur Tay , Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Marzuki Khalid , Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Pierre-Michel Lallican , Vision Objects
Stefan Knerr , Vision Objects
Christian Viard-Gaudin , Ecole Polytechnique de l'Université de Nantes
pp. 0726

Sentence Recognition through Hybrid Neuro-Markovian Modeling (Abstract)

S. Marukatat , Université Paris 6
T. Artières , Université Paris 6
P. Gallinari , Université Paris 6
B. Dorizzi , Institut National des Télécommunications
pp. 0731
Forms

Field Extraction Method from Existing Forms Transmitted by Facsimile (Abstract)

Takashi Hirano , Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
Yasuhiro Okada , Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
Fumio Yoda , Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
pp. 0738

Line Detection and Segmentation in Historical Church Registers (Abstract)

Markus Feldbach , Otto-von-Guericke University of Magdeburg
Klaus D. Tönnies , Otto-von-Guericke University of Magdeburg
pp. 0743

Contextual Focus for Improved Recognition of Hand-Filled Forms (Abstract)

Wing Seong Wong , The Nottingham Trent University
Nasser Sherkat , The Nottingham Trent University
Tony Allen , The Nottingham Trent University
pp. 0748

Document Image Matching and Annotation Lifting (Abstract)

Ming Ye , University of Washington
Marshall Bern , Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
David Goldberg , Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
pp. 0753
Applications II

Mathematical Formula Recognition Using Virtual Link Network (Abstract)

Yuko Eto , Toshiba Corporation e-Solution Company
Masakazu Suzuki , Kyushu University
pp. 0762

Baseline Structure Analysis of Handwritten Mathematics Notation (Abstract)

Richard Zanibbi , Queen's University
Dorothea Blostein , Queen's University
James R. Cordy , Queen's University
pp. 0768

PenCalc: A Novel Application of On-Line Mathematical Expression Recognition Technology (Abstract)

Kam-Fai Chan , The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Dit-Yan Yeung , The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
pp. 0774

Information Extraction from Complex Circular Charts (Abstract)

A. Antonacopoulos , University of Liverpool
D.P. Kennedy , University of Liverpool
pp. 0784
Non-Latin Alphabets I

Automatic Identification of English, Chinese, Arabic, Devnagari and Bangla Script Line (Abstract)

U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
B. B. Chaudhuri , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 0790

Automatic Recognition of Printed Oriya Script (Abstract)

B.B. Chaudhuri , Indian Statistical Institute
U. Pal , Indian Statistical Institute
M. Mitra , Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 0795

A Complete OCR for Printed Hindi Text in Devanagari Script (Abstract)

Veena Bansal , Indian Institute of Technology
M. K. Sinha , Indian Institute of Technology
pp. 0800
Segmentation I

Adaptive Segmentation of Document Images (Abstract)

Don Sylwester , Concordia University
Sharad Seth , University of Nebraska, Lincoln
pp. 0827

Logical Labeling Using Bayesien Networks (Abstract)

Souad Souafi-Bensafi , I.N.S.A. de LYON
Marc Parizeau , Université Laval
Franck Lebourgeois , I.N.S.A. de LYON
Hubert Emptoz , I.N.S.A. de LYON
pp. 0832
Web Documents and Video

Structure in On-line Documents (Abstract)

Anil K. Jain , Michigan State University
Anoop M. Namboodiri , Michigan State University
Jayashree Subrahmonia , IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
pp. 0844

Classification of HTML Documents by Hidden Tree-Markov Models (Abstract)

M. Diligenti , Università di Siena
M. Gori , Università di Siena
M. Maggini , Università di Siena
F. Scarselli , Università di Siena
pp. 0849

Constructing Web-Based Legacy Index Card Archives - Architectural Design Issues and Initial Data Acquisition (Abstract)

A.C. Downton , University of Essex
A.C. Tams , University of Essex
G.J. Wells , University of Essex
A.C. Holmes , University of Essex
S.M. Lucas , University of Essex
G.W. Beccaloni , Natural History Museum
M.J. Scoble , Natural History Museum
G.S. Robinson , Natural History Museum
pp. 0854

HTML Page Analysis Based on Visual Cues (Abstract)

Yudong Yang , Microsoft Research China
HongJiang Zhang , Microsoft Research China
pp. 0859

Robust Detection of Stylized Text Events in Digital Video (Abstract)

David Crandall , The Pennsylvania State University
Rangachar Kasturi , The Pennsylvania State University
pp. 0865
Postal Automation and Check Processing

Adaptation of an Address Reading System to Local Mail Streams (Abstract)

Anja Brakensiek , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Jörg Rottland , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Frank Wallhoff , Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg
Gerhard Rigoll , Siemens Dematic AG
pp. 0872

Recognition of Handwritten Foreign Mail (Abstract)

Catalin I. Tomai , State University of New York at Buffalo
Kristin M. Allen , State University of New York at Buffalo
Sargur N. Srihari , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 0882

A Feedback-based Approach for Segmenting Handwritten Legal Amounts on Bank Cheques (Abstract)

Jun Zhou , Concordia University
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
Ke Liu , Concordia University
pp. 0887
Information Retrieval and Word Spotting

APEX An Adaptive Visual Information Retrieval System (Abstract)

Ciro de Mauro , Università di Siena
Marco Gori , Università di Siena
Marco Maggini , Università di Siena
pp. 0898

Creating Generic Text Summaries (Abstract)

Yihong Gong , NEC USA, Inc.
Xin Liu , NEC USA, Inc.
pp. 0903

An Approach to Word Image Matching Based on Weighted Hausforff Distance (Abstract)

Yue Lu , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
Weihua Huang , National University of Singapore
Liying Fan , National University of Singapore
pp. 0921

Automated Assessment: It's Assessment Jim But Not As We Know It (Abstract)

Jonathan Allan , The Nottingham Trent University
Tony Allen , The Nottingham Trent University
Nasser Sherkat , The Nottingham Trent University
Peter Halstead , The Nottingham Trent University
pp. 0926
Color and Multimedia Documents

Alignment of Free Layout Color Texts for Character Recognition (Abstract)

Hiroyuki Hase , Toyama University
Masaaki Yoneda , Toyama University
Toshiyuki Shinokawa , Toyama National College of Maritime Technology
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 0932

Text Extraction from Color Documents - Clustering Approaches in Three and Four Dimensions (Abstract)

T. Perroud , University of Berne
K. Sobottka , University of Berne
H. Bunke , University of Berne
L. Hall , University of South Florida
pp. 0937

Use of Colour in Form Layout Analysis (Abstract)

Wing Seong Wong , The Nottingham Trent University
Nasser Sherkat , The Nottingham Trent University
Tony Allen , The Nottingham Trent University
pp. 0942

Videotext OCR Using Hidden Markov Models (Abstract)

Prem Natarajan , BBN Technologies/Verizon
Baback Elmieh , BBN Technologies/Verizon
Richard Schwartz , BBN Technologies/Verizon
John Makhoul , BBN Technologies/Verizon
pp. 0947

An Investigation on MPEG Audio Segmentation by Evolutionary Algorithms (Abstract)

C. de Stefano , Università del Sannio
A. Della Cioppa , Università di Salerno
A. Marcelli , Università di Salerno
pp. 0952

Character-Like Region Verification for Extracting Text in Scene Images (Abstract)

Hao Wang , Nokia Research Center
Jari Kangas , Nokia Research Center
pp. 0957
Poster Session III

Legal Amount Recognition Based on the Segmentation Hypotheses for Bank Check Processing (Abstract)

Kye Kyung Kim , Concordia University
Jin Ho Kim , Concordia University
Yun Koo Chung , Electronics and Telecommunication Research Institute
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 0964

Handwritten Month Word Recognition on Brazilian Bank Checks (Abstract)

M. Morita , PUCPR Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PPGIA-LARDOC)
R. Sabourn , PUCPR Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PPGIA-LARDOC)
A. El Yacoubi , PUCPR Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PPGIA-LARDOC)
F. Bortolozzi , PUCPR Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PPGIA-LARDOC)
C.Y. Suen , CENPARMI Centre for Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence
pp. 0972

The Autonomous Document Object (ADO) Model (Abstract)

W.G.J. Howells , University of Kent, Canterbury
H. Selim , University of Kent, Canterbury
S. Hoque , University of Kent, Canterbury
M.C. Fairhurst , University of Kent, Canterbury
F. Deravi , University of Kent, Canterbury
pp. 0977

Rejection Methods for an Adaptive Committee Classifier (Abstract)

Matti Aksela , Helsinki Univ ersity of Technology
Jorma Laaksonen , Helsinki Univ ersity of Technology
Erkki Oja , Helsinki Univ ersity of Technology
Jari Kangas , Nokia Research Center
pp. 0982

A Genetic Algorithm for Feature Selection in a Neuro-Fuzzy OCR System (Abstract)

Shamik Sural , Data-Core Systems
P.K. Das , Jadavpur University
pp. 0987

Prediction of Handwriting Legibility (Abstract)

Mandana Ebadian Dehkordi , Nottingham Trent University
Nasser Sherkat , Nottingham Trent University
Tony Allen , Nottingham Trent University
pp. 0997

A Bayesian Bi-gram Scheme for HMM Online Handwriting Recognition Algorithm (Abstract)

T. Hasegawa , Waseda University
K. Akamatsu , Waseda University
T. Matsumoto , Waseda University
pp. 1012

Apriori Algorithm for Sub-category Classification Analysis of Handwriting (Abstract)

Sung-Hyuk Cha , Pace University
Sargur N. Srihari , State University of New York at Buffalo
pp. 1022

Off-line Signature Verification Using HMM for Random, Simple and Skilled Forgeries (Abstract)

Edson J. R. Justino , PUCPR - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Flávio Bortolozzi , PUCPR - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Robert Sabourin , PUCPR - Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
pp. 1031

Dynamic Recognition in the Omni-Writer Frame: Application to Hand-Printed Text Recognition (Abstract)

Loïc Oudot , Université Paris VI
Lionel Prevost , Université Paris VI
Maurice Milgram , Université Paris VI
pp. 1035

Automatic Signature Verification Based on the Dynamic Feature of Pressure (Abstract)

K. Tanabe , University of Aizu
M. Yoshihara , University of Aizu
H. Kameya , University of Aizu
S. Mori , University of Aizu
S. Omata , Nihon University
T. Ito , Nihon University
pp. 1045

Smart Sketchpad - An On-line Graphics Recognition System (Abstract)

Liu Wenyin , Microsoft Research China
Wenjie Qian , Microsoft Research China
Rong Xiao , Nanjing University
Xiangyu Jin , Nanjing University
pp. 1050

Chart Analysis and Recognition in Document Images (Abstract)

Yanping Zhou , National University of Singapore
Chew Lim Tan , National University of Singapore
pp. 1055

A System for Real-time Recognition of Handwritten Mathematical Formulas (Abstract)

Kenichi Toyozumi , Nagoya Univ.
Kensaku Mori , Nagoya Univ.
Yasuhito Suenaga , Nagoya Univ.
Takahiro Suzuki , Canon Inc. Corporation
pp. 1059

A Truthing Tool for Generating a Database of Cursive Words (Abstract)

Dave Elliman , University of Nottingham
Nasser Sherkat , Nottingham Tren University
pp. 1255

Automatic Summarization of Web Content to Smaller Display Devices (Abstract)

A. F. R. Rahman , BCL Computers Inc.
H. Alam , BCL Computers Inc.
R. Hartono , BCL Computers Inc.
K. Ariyoshi , BCL Computers Inc.
pp. 1064

Automatic Text Location in Natural Scene Images (Abstract)

Chuang Li , Tsinghua Univ.
Xiaoqing Ding , Tsinghua Univ.
Youshou Wu , Tsinghua Univ.
pp. 1069

Flexible Web Document Analysis for Delivery to Narrow-Bandwidth Devices (Abstract)

Gerald Penn , Lucent Bell Labs
Jianying Hu , Lucent Bell Labs
Hengbin Luo , Lucent Bell Labs
Ryan McDonald , University of Toronto
pp. 1074

Character Extraction and Recognition in Natural Scene Images (Abstract)

Xuewen Wang , Tsinghua Univ.
Xiaoqing Ding , Tsinghua Univ.
Changsong Liu , Tsinghua Univ.
pp. 1084

Improvement of Video Text Recognition by Character Selection (Abstract)

Takeshi Mita , Toshiba Corporation
Osamu Hori , Toshiba Corporation
pp. 1089

Web Sites Thematic Classification Using Hidden Markov Models (Abstract)

Lyonel Serradura , Université de Tours
Mohamed Slimane , Université de Tours
Nicole Vincent , Université de Tours
pp. 1094
Non-Latin Alphabets II

A Shape Based Post Processor for Gurmukhi OCR (Abstract)

G S Lehal , Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology
Chandan Singh , Punjabi University
Ritu Lehal , Punjabi University
pp. 1105

An OCR System for Telugu (Abstract)

Atul Negi , University of Hyderabad
Chakravarthy Bhagvati , University of Hyderabad
B. Krishna , University of Hyderabad
pp. 1110

Discrimination of Oriental and Euramerican Scripts Using Fractal Feature (Abstract)

Yu Tao , Hong Kong Baptist University
Yuan Y. Tang , Hong Kong Baptist University
pp. 1115
Segmentation II

Text Area Localization under Complex-Background Using Wavelet Decomposition (Abstract)

Ning Jin , Nanjing University
Yuan Y. Tang , Hong Kong Baptist University
pp. 1126

Encoding of Modified X-Y Trees for Document Classification (Abstract)

Francesca Cesarini , Università di Firenze
Marco Lastri , Università di Firenze
Simone Marinai , Università di Firenze
Giovanni Soda , Università di Firenze
pp. 1131

A Model Guided Document Image Analysis Scheme (Abstract)

Gaurav Harit , Indian Institute of Technology
Santanu Chaudhury , Indian Institute of Technology
P. Gupta , Indian Institute of Technology
N. Vohra , Indian Institute of Technology
S.D. Joshi , Indian Institute of Technology
pp. 1137

Analysis of Segmentation Performance on the CEDAR Benchmark Database (Abstract)

Michael Blumenstein , Griffith University-Gold Coast Campus
Brijesh Verma , Griffith University-Gold Coast Campus
pp. 1142
Image Quality and Style

Pessimal Print: A Reverse Turing Test (Abstract)

Allison L. Coates , University of California at Berkeley
Richard J. Fateman , University of California at Berkeley
Henry S. Baird , Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
pp. 1154

Synthetic Data for Arabic OCR System Development (Abstract)

V. Märgner , Technical University Braunschweig
M. Pechwitz , Technical University Braunschweig
pp. 1159

Style-Consistency in Isogenous Patterns (Abstract)

Prateek Sarkar , Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
George Nagy , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
pp. 1169
First International Newspaper Segmentation Contest

A New Component Based Algorithm for Newspaper Layout Analysis (Abstract)

Fei Liu , Tsinghua University
Yupin Luo , Tsinghua University
Dongcheng Hu , Tsinghua University
Masataka Yoshikawa , Brother Industries, Ltd.
pp. 1176

Newspaper Document Analysis Featuring Connected Line Segmentation (Abstract)

Phillip E Mitchell , University of Sydney
Hong Yan , City University of Hong Kong
pp. 1181

Newspaper Page Decomposition Using a Split and Merge Approach (Abstract)

Karim Hadjar , University of Fribourg
Oliver Hitz , University of Fribourg
Rolf Ingold , University of Fribourg
pp. 1186

First International Newspaper Segmentation Contest (Abstract)

B. Gatos , Lambrakis Press Archives
S.L. Mantzaris , Lambrakis Press Archives
A. Antonacopoulos , The University of Liverpool
pp. 1190

Author Index (PDF)

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