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Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (1997)
Ulm, GERMANY
Aug. 18, 1997 to Aug. 20, 1997
ISBN: 0-8186-7898-4
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Session 1: Character Recognition and Segmentation I

Robust Multifont OCR System from Gray Level Images (Abstract)

F. LeBourgeois , Laboratoire de Reconnaissance de Formes et Vision
pp. 1

Character Recognition by Geometrical Moments on Structural Decompositions (Abstract)

P. Foggia , Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica, Universita' degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II"
C. Sansone , Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica, Universita' degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II"
F. Tortorella , Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica, Universita' degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II"
M. Vento , Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica, Universita' degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II"
pp. 6

Performance comparison of several feature selection methods based on node pruning in handwritten character recognition (Abstract)

Kyusik Chung , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Soongsil Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Jongmin Yoon , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Soongsil Univ., Seoul, South Korea
pp. 11

The Behavior of Dynamic Relaxation in an Elastic Stroke Model for Character Recognition (Abstract)

Takeshi Nagasaki , Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology
Takayoshi Yamamoto , Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology
Masaki Nakagawa , Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology
pp. 16

High speed rough classification for handwritten characters using hierarchical learning vector quantization (Abstract)

Y. Waizumi , Graduate Sch. of Inf. Sci., Tohoku Univ., Sendai, Japan
N. Kato , Graduate Sch. of Inf. Sci., Tohoku Univ., Sendai, Japan
K. Saruta , Graduate Sch. of Inf. Sci., Tohoku Univ., Sendai, Japan
Y. Nemoto , Graduate Sch. of Inf. Sci., Tohoku Univ., Sendai, Japan
pp. 23

Adaptive Normalization of Handwritten Characters Using Global/Local Affine Transformation (Abstract)

Toru Wakahara , NTT Human Interface Laboratories
Kazumi Odaka , NTT Human Interface Laboratories
pp. 28
Session 2: Document Image Analysis I

Page Segmentation Using Document Model (Abstract)

Anil K. Jain , Michigan State University
Bin Yu , Michigan State University
pp. 34

Font Recognition and Contextual Processing for More Accurate Text Recognition (Abstract)

Hongwei Shi , State University of New York at Stony Brook
Theo Pavlidis , State University of New York at Stony Brook
pp. 39

Document Input According to Recognition Accuracy of Handwritten Characters (Abstract)

Sueki Matsumura , NTT Human Interface Laboratories
Tomonori Kobayashi , NTT Human Interface Laboratories
Osamu Nakamura , NTT Human Interface Laboratories
Kenji Ogura , NTT Human Interface Laboratories
pp. 51

Modeling Documents for Structure Recognition Using Generalized N-Grams (Abstract)

Rolf Brugger , University of Fribourg
Abdelwahab Zramdini , University of Fribourg
Rolf Ingold , University of Fribourg
pp. 56

Logo and Word Matching Using a General Approach to Signal Registration (Abstract)

P. Suda , Siemens AG, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, D-81730 M?nchen ENST, 46, Rue Barrault, F-75634 Paris
C. Bridoux , Siemens AG, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, D-81730 M?nchen ENST, 46, Rue Barrault, F-75634 Paris
B. Kämmerer , Siemens AG, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, D-81730 M?nchen ENST, 46, Rue Barrault, F-75634 Paris
G. Maderlechner , Siemens AG, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, D-81730 M?nchen ENST, 46, Rue Barrault, F-75634 Paris
pp. 61
Session 3: Map and Engineering Drawings I

Interpretation of Lines in Distributing Frame Drawings (Abstract)

Huizhu Luo , The Pennsylvania State University
Rangachar Kasturi , The Pennsylvania State University
Juan F. Arias , NYNEX Science and Technology
Atul Chhabra , NYNEX Science and Technology
pp. 66

The Recognition of Form Documents Based on Three Types of Line Segments (Abstract)

Lin Yu Tseng , National Chung Hsing University
Rung-Ching Chen , National Chung Hsing University
pp. 71

Matching form lines based on a heuristic search (Abstract)

U. Bohnacker , Res. Center, Daimler-Benz AG, Ulm, Germany
J. Schacht , Res. Center, Daimler-Benz AG, Ulm, Germany
T. Yucel , Res. Center, Daimler-Benz AG, Ulm, Germany
pp. 86
Session 4: Word Recognition I

General word recognition using approximate segment-string matching (Abstract)

J.T. Favata , CEDAR, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
pp. 92

Words Recognition using Associative Memory (Abstract)

Loris Navoni , SGS-Thomson Microelectronics
Roberto Canegallo , SGS-Thomson Microelectronics
Mauro Chinosi , SGS-Thomson Microelectronics
Giovanni Gozzini , SGS-Thomson Microelectronics
Alan Kramer , SGS-Thomson Microelectronics
Pier Luigi Rolandi , SGS-Thomson Microelectronics
pp. 97

Off-line handwritten word recognition using a mixed HMM-MRF approach (Abstract)

G. Saon , CRIN, CNRS, Vandoevre-les-Nancy, France
A. Belaid , CRIN, CNRS, Vandoevre-les-Nancy, France
pp. 118
Session 5: Document Processing I

Line sweep thinning algorithm for feature analysis (Abstract)

Fu Chang , Inst. of Inf. Sci., Acad. Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Ya-Ching Lu , Inst. of Inf. Sci., Acad. Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
T. Pavlidis , Inst. of Inf. Sci., Acad. Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
pp. 123

Line Removal and Restoration of Handwritten Characters on the Form Documents (Abstract)

Jin-Yong Yoo , Computer Vision Lab., Chung-Ang University
Min-Ki Kim , Computer Vision Lab., Chung-Ang University
Sang Yong Han , Computer Vision Lab., Chung-Ang University
Young-Bin Kwon , Computer Vision Lab., Chung-Ang University
pp. 128

Boundary Feature Extraction from Gray-Scale Document Images (Abstract)

Hirobumi Nishida , Ricoh Information and Communication R&D Center
pp. 132

An Efficient Fully Parallel Thinning Algorithm (Abstract)

N. H. Han , Inha University
C. W. La , Inha University
P. K. Rhee , Inha University
pp. 137

Skew and Slant Correction for Document Images Using Gradient Direction (Abstract)

Changming Sun , CSIRO Mathematical and Information Sciences
Deyi Si , Beijing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics
pp. 142

Adaptive Document Binarization (Abstract)

Jaakko Sauvola , Machine Vision and Media Processing Group Infotech Oulu, University of Oulu
Tapio Seppänen , Machine Vision and Media Processing Group Infotech Oulu, University of Oulu
Sami Haapakoski , Machine Vision and Media Processing Group Infotech Oulu, University of Oulu
Matti Pietikäinen , Machine Vision and Media Processing Group Infotech Oulu, University of Oulu
pp. 147
Session 6: Applications and Systems I

A system for automatically reading IATA flight coupons (Abstract)

Jianchang Mao , IBM Almaden Res. Center, San Jose, CA, USA
R. Lorie , IBM Almaden Res. Center, San Jose, CA, USA
K. Mohiuddin , IBM Almaden Res. Center, San Jose, CA, USA
pp. 153

A retargetable table reader (Abstract)

J.H. Shamilian , Lucent Technol. Inc., AT&T Bell Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA
H.S. Baird , Lucent Technol. Inc., AT&T Bell Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA
T.L. Wood , Lucent Technol. Inc., AT&T Bell Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA
pp. 158

Form Processing based on Background Region Analysis (Abstract)

Hiroyuki Arai , NTT Human Interface Laboratories
Kazumi Odaka , NTT Human Interface Laboratories
pp. 164

Information Acquisition and Storage of Forms in Document Processing (Abstract)

Yuan Y. Tang , Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong
Jiming Liu , Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong
pp. 170

An Object-Oriented form Description Language and Approach to Handwritten Form Processing (Abstract)

C. Cracknell , University of Essex
A. C. Downton , University of Essex
L. Du , University of Essex
pp. 180
Session 7: Asian Character Recognition I

Offline Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition via Radical Extraction and Recognition (Abstract)

Wilson W.S. Ip , Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Korris F.L. Chung , Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Daniel S. Yeung , Hong Kong Polytechnic University
pp. 185

Hand Printed Chinese Character Recognition via Machine Learning (Abstract)

Adnan Amin , University of New South Wales
Seung-Gwon Kim , University of New South Wales
Claude Sammut , University of New South Wales
pp. 190

Constraints on handwriting Korean characters to improve the machine readability (Abstract)

Choi Baek Young , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Pohang Univ. of Sci. & Technol., South Korea
Bang Sung-Yang , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Pohang Univ. of Sci. & Technol., South Korea
pp. 195

Non-uniformly Sampled Feature Extraction Method for Kanji Character Recognition (Abstract)

Keiji Yamada , Information Technology Research Laboratories, NEC Corporation
pp. 200

Off-line Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition Based on Crossing Line Feature (Abstract)

Youbin Chen , Tsinghua University
Xiaoqing Ding , Tsinghua University
Youshou Wu , Tsinghua University
pp. 206

Robust Stroke Segmentation Method for Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition (Abstract)

Ke Liu , Concordia University
Yea S. Huang , Concordia University
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 211
Session 8: Text and Document Understanding I

Moby Dick meets GEOCR: Lexical Considerations in Word Recognition (Abstract)

A. Lawrence Spitz , Daimler Benz Research and Technology Center
pp. 221

Extraction of Indicative Summary Sentences from Imaged Documents (Abstract)

Francine R. Chen , Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
Dan S. Bloomberg , Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
pp. 227

Image Categorization Using Texture Features (Abstract)

Aya Soffer , Computer Science and EE Department University of Maryland Baltimore County
pp. 233

Generalized Contextual Recognition of Hand-Printed Documents Using Semantic Trees with Lazy Evaluation (Abstract)

L. Du , University of Essex
A. C. Downton , University of Essex
S. M. Lucas , University of Essex
B. Al-Badr , University of Essex
pp. 238
Session 9: Hypermedia Processing and Signature Verification

Extracting Text from WWW Images (Abstract)

Jiangying Zhou , Panasonic Information and Networking Technology Laboratory
Daniel Lopresti , Panasonic Information and Networking Technology Laboratory
pp. 248

On-line Handwritten Signature Verification using Hidden Markov Model Features (Abstract)

R.S. Kashi , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies
J. Hu , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies
W. L. Nelson , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies
W. Turin , AT&T Research Lab
pp. 253

Language identification of on-line documents using word shapes (Abstract)

N. Nobile , Centre for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
S. Bergler , Centre for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
C.Y. Suen , Centre for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
S. Khoury , Centre for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 258

Establishment of Personalized Templates for Automatic Signature Verification (Abstract)

C. Schmidt , RWTH Aachen, Lehrstuhl fur Technische Informatik Ahornstr
K.-F. Kraiss , RWTH Aachen, Lehrstuhl fur Technische Informatik Ahornstr
pp. 263

Average prototypes for stroke-based signature verification (Abstract)

B. Wirtz , Central Res. & Dev., Siemens AG, Munich, Germany
pp. 268

From Linear to Non-Linear Reading: A Case Study to Provide Internet Access to Paper Documents (Abstract)

Marcel Worring , Intelligent Sensory Information Systems, University of Amsterdam
Arnold W.M. Smeulders , Intelligent Sensory Information Systems, University of Amsterdam
pp. 273
Session 10: Character Recognition and Segmentation II

Automatic Prototype Extracion for Adaptive OCR (Abstract)

George Nagy , Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Yihong Xu , Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
pp. 278

A Hybrid Classifier for Recognizing Handwritten Numerals (Abstract)

Raymund Yee-Mian Teo , Concordia University
Rajjan Shinghal , Concordia University
pp. 283

Character String Extraction by Multi-stage Relaxation (Abstract)

Hiroyuki Hase , Toyama University
Toshiyuki Shinokawa , Toyama University
Masaaki Yoneda , Toyama University
Mitsuru Sakai , Toyama University
Hiroshi Maruyama , Toyama University
pp. 298

Normalization Techniques of Handwritten Numerals for Gabor Filters (Abstract)

M. Watanabe , Faculty of Engineering Yamaguchi University
Y. Hamamoto , Faculty of Engineering Yamaguchi University
T. Yasuda , Faculty of Engineering Yamaguchi University
S. Tomita , Faculty of Engineering Yamaguchi University
pp. 303
Session 11: Document Image Analysis II

Document image similarity and equivalence detection (Abstract)

J.J. Hull , Ricoh California Res. Center, Menlo Park, CA, USA
J.F. Cullen , Ricoh California Res. Center, Menlo Park, CA, USA
pp. 308

The Detection of Duplicates in Document Image Databases (Abstract)

D. Doermann , Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, University of Maryland, College Park
H. Li , Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, University of Maryland, College Park
O. Kia , Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, University of Maryland, College Park
pp. 314

On Benchmarking of Document Analysis Systems (Abstract)

V.F. Maergner , Institute for Communication Technology, Technical University Braunschweig
P. Karcher , Institute for Communication Technology, Technical University Braunschweig
A.-K. Pawlowski , Institute for Communication Technology, Technical University Braunschweig
pp. 331
Session 12: Map and Engineering Drawings II

An interactive system to extract structured text from a geometrical representation (Abstract)

B. Poirier , Dept. de Genie Electr., Ecole Polytech. de Montreal, Que., Canada
M. Dagenais , Dept. de Genie Electr., Ecole Polytech. de Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 342

Variations on the Analysis of Architectural Drawings (Abstract)

Christian Ah-Soon , CRIN/CNRS & INRIA Lorraine
Karl Tombre , CRIN/CNRS & INRIA Lorraine
pp. 347

Perceptually-Based Representation of Network Diagrams (Abstract)

Diana Galindo , URA CNRS 820, ENST-SIG
Claudie Faure , URA CNRS 820, ENST-SIG
pp. 352

Optical Formula Recognition (Abstract)

Stephane Lavirotte , INRIA Sophia Antipolis, projet SAFIR
pp. 357
Session 13: On-tine Recognition I

A Fast HMM Algorithm for On-line Handwritten Character Recognition (Abstract)

K. Takahashi , Waseda University
H. Yasuda , Waseda University
T. Matsumoto , Waseda University
pp. 369

An Evolutionary Neuro-Fuzzy Approach to Recognize On-Line Arabic Handwriting (Abstract)

Adel M. Alimi , REGIM: Research Group on Intelligent Machines
pp. 382

Finding structure in diversity: a hierarchical clustering method for the categorization of allographs in handwriting (Abstract)

L. Vuurpijl , Inst. for Cognition & Inf., Nijmegen Univ., Netherlands
L. Schomaker , Inst. for Cognition & Inf., Nijmegen Univ., Netherlands
pp. 387
Session 14: Document Processing II

Enhancing Degraded Document Images via Bitmap Clustering and Averaging (Abstract)

John D. Hobby , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies
Tin Kam Ho , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies
pp. 394

Projection profile based skew estimation algorithm for JBIG compressed images (Abstract)

A. Bagdanov , Inf. Sci. Res. Inst., Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV, USA
J. Kanai , Inf. Sci. Res. Inst., Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV, USA
pp. 401

Scalable Image Coding by Spline Approximation for a Gray-scale Image (Abstract)

Ryoji Haruki , Fundamental Mathematical Sciences Laboratory
Takahiko Horiuchi , Fundamental Mathematical Sciences Laboratory
pp. 407

Dynamic word based text compression (Abstract)

K.S. Ng , Dept. of Electron. Eng., City Univ. of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
L.M. Cheng , Dept. of Electron. Eng., City Univ. of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
C.H. Wong , Dept. of Electron. Eng., City Univ. of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
pp. 412

Segmentation of Stick Text Based on Sub Connected Area Analysis (Abstract)

Gao Jingbo , Tsinghua University
Li Xinyou , Tsinghua University
Tang Zesheng , Tsinghua University
pp. 417
Session 15: Applications and Systems II

Analysis of required elements for next-generation document reader on the basis of user requirements (Abstract)

Takashi Miyamoto , Toshiba Corporation OME Works
Yasuto Ishitani , Toshiba Corporation OME Works
Kazushi Seino , Toshiba Corporation OME Works
Toshihiro Nakamura , Toshiba Corporation OME Works
Yoshihisa Tanabe , Toshiba Corporation OME Works
pp. 428

DART - A Software Architecture for the Creation of a Distributed Asynchronous Recognition Toolbox (Abstract)

A. Hennig , The Nottingham Trent University
E. Marongiu , The Nottingham Trent University
N. Sherkat , The Nottingham Trent University
R. J. Whitrow , The Nottingham Trent University
pp. 439

Recognition of Facsimile Documents using a Database of Robust Features (Abstract)

G. Raza , The Nottingham Trent University
A. Hennig , The Nottingham Trent University
N. Sherkat , The Nottingham Trent University
R. J. Whitrow , The Nottingham Trent University
pp. 444
Session 16: POSTER SESSION

A method of extracting curvature features and its application to handwritten character recognition (Abstract)

K.T. Miura , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Shizuoka Univ., Hamamatsu, Japan
R. Sato , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Shizuoka Univ., Hamamatsu, Japan
S. Mori , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Shizuoka Univ., Hamamatsu, Japan
pp. 450

A System for Segmentation and Recognition of Totally Unconstrained Handwritten Numeral Strings (Abstract)

Z. Shi , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, U.S.A.
S. N. Srihari , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, U.S.A.
Y-C. Shin , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, U.S.A.
V. Ramanaprasad , Center of Excellence for Document Analysis and Recognition State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, U.S.A.
pp. 455

A systematic approach to classifier selection on combining multiple classifiers for handwritten digit recognition (Abstract)

Jongryeol Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Soongsil Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Kukhwan Seo , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Soongsil Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Kyusik Chung , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Soongsil Univ., Seoul, South Korea
pp. 459

Boundary Normalization for Recognition of Non-Touching Non-Degraded Characters (Abstract)

Maurice Szmurlo , Universite de Caen, Laboratoire d'informatique
pp. 463

Disconnected Handwritten Numeral Image Recognition (Abstract)

Luan Ling Lee , DECOM-FEEC-UNICAMP
Natanael Rodrigues Gomes , DECOM-FEEC-UNICAMP
pp. 467

Handwritten Numeral Recognition Using MFNN Based Multiexpert Combination Strategy (Abstract)

Xiaofan Lin , Image Processing Division Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P.R.C
Xiaoqing Ding , Image Processing Division Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P.R.C
Youshou Wu , Image Processing Division Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P.R.C
pp. 471

1-Dimensional and Pseudo 2-Dimensional HMMs for the Recognition of German Literal Amounts (Abstract)

Rolf Bippus , Institute for Communication Technology, Technical Univ. Braunschweig(Germany)
pp. 487

Robust Character Recognition of Gray-Scaled Images with Graphical Designs and Noise (Abstract)

Minako Sawaki , NTT Basic Research Laboratories and NTT Communication Science Laboratories
Norihiro Hagita , NTT Basic Research Laboratories and NTT Communication Science Laboratories
Kenichiro Ishii , NTT Basic Research Laboratories and NTT Communication Science Laboratories
pp. 491

Structural Character Recognition Using Simulated Annealing (Abstract)

Takashi Hirano , Human media department Information Technology R&D Center, Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
Yasuhiro Okada , Human media department Information Technology R&D Center, Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
Fumio Yoda , Human media department Information Technology R&D Center, Mitsubishi Electric Corp.
pp. 507

Two-dimensional Extension of Nonlinear Normalization Method using Line Density for Character Recognition (Abstract)

Takahiko Horiuchi , Inst. Info. Sci. and Elec. University of Tsukuba
Ryoji Haruki , Inst. Info. Sci. and Elec. University of Tsukuba
Hiromitsu Yamada , Machine Understanding Division, Electrotechnical Lab.
Kazuhiko Yamamoto , Faculty of Engineering, Gifu University
pp. 511

A New Method for Segmenting Unconstrained Handwritten Numeral String (Abstract)

Bin Zhao , Tsinghua University
Hui Su , Tsinghua University
Shaowei Xia , Tsinghua University
pp. 524

Contour-based Image Preprocessing for Holistic Handwritten Word Recognition (Abstract)

S. Madhvanath , IBM Almaden Research Center
V. Govindaraju , CEDAR, Department of Computer Science, SUNY at Buffalo
pp. 536

HMM Word Recognition Engine (Abstract)

Didier Guillevic , CENPARMI, Suite GM-606
Ching Y. Suen , CENPARMI, Suite GM-606
pp. 544

Markov Model Order Optimization for Text Recognition (Abstract)

Christian Olivier , PSI-La3i, universit? de Rouen
Frédéric Jouzel , PSI-La3i, universit? de Rouen
Manuel Avila , PSI-La3i, universit? de Rouen
pp. 548

Pruning Large Lexicons Using Generalized Word Shape Descriptors (Abstract)

S. Madhvanath , IBM Almaden Research Center
V. Krpasundar , Viewlogic Systems Inc.
pp. 552

Reject Management in a Handwriting Recognition System (Abstract)

J.M. Gloger , Daimler-Benz Research Center Ulm
A. Kaltenmeier , Daimler-Benz Research Center Ulm
E. Mandler , Daimler-Benz Research Center Ulm
L. Andrews , Siemens Electrocom GmbH
pp. 556

Revealing the hidden Markov recognizer (Abstract)

C. Aufmuth , Res. Center, Daimler-Benz AG, Ulm, Germany
pp. 560

A Geometrical Method for Printing and Handwritten Berber Character Recognition (Abstract)

A. Djematen , Laboratoire d'Informatique du Havre
B. Taconet , Laboratoire d'Informatique du Havre
A. Zahour , Laboratoire d'Informatique du Havre
pp. 564

A New Method for Segmenting Handwritten Chinese Characters (Abstract)

Lin Yu Tseng , National Chung Hsing University
Rung-Ching Chen , National Chung Hsing University
pp. 568

A study of moment functions and its use in Chinese character recognition (Abstract)

S.X. Liao , Dept. of Bus. Comput., Winnipeg Univ., Man., Canada
Qin Lu , Dept. of Bus. Comput., Winnipeg Univ., Man., Canada
pp. 572

Automatic Separation of Words in Multi-lingual Multi-script Indian Documents (Abstract)

U. Pal , Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Unit Indian Statistical Institute
B. B. Chaudhuri , Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Unit Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 576

Coupling observation/letter for a Markovian modelisation applied to the recognition of Arabic handwriting (Abstract)

H. Miled , Rouen Univ., Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
C. Olivier , Rouen Univ., Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
M. Cheriet , Rouen Univ., Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
Y. Lecoutier , Rouen Univ., Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
pp. 580

Integration of Multiple Levels of Contour Information for Chinese-Character Stroke Extraction (Abstract)

Chungnan Lee , National Sun Yat-Sen University
Bohom Wu , National Sun Yat-Sen University
Wen-Chen Huang , Chia-Nan College of Pharmacy and Science
pp. 584

Location and recognition of legal amounts on Chinese bank cheques (Abstract)

C.L. Yu , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
C.Y. Suen , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Y.Y. Tang , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 588

New Features for Chinese Character Recognition (Abstract)

Torsten Caesar , Daimler-Benz Research Center Ulm
pp. 592

Off Line Arabic Character Recognition - A Survey (Abstract)

Adnan Amin , University of New South Wales
pp. 596

On-line recognition of cursive Hangul characters by modeling extended graphemes (Abstract)

Kyung Hee Kim , Software Center, Samsung Electron., South Korea
Tae Jin Seong , Software Center, Samsung Electron., South Korea
Jeong In Doh , Software Center, Samsung Electron., South Korea
pp. 604

Optical Chinese character recognition for low-quality document images (Abstract)

Tzren-Ru Chou , Inst. of Inf. Sci., Acad. Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Fu Chang , Inst. of Inf. Sci., Acad. Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
pp. 608

Recognition of Printed Arabic Text Using Neural Networks (Abstract)

Adnan Amin , University of New South Wales
Wathiq Mansoor , University of New South Wales
pp. 612

Recognizing components of handwritten characters by attributed relational graphs with stable features (Abstract)

Xingyuan Li , Image Process. Dept., Syst. Eng. Res. Inst., Taejon, South Korea
Weon-Geun Oh , Image Process. Dept., Syst. Eng. Res. Inst., Taejon, South Korea
Jiarong Hong , Image Process. Dept., Syst. Eng. Res. Inst., Taejon, South Korea
Wen Gao , Image Process. Dept., Syst. Eng. Res. Inst., Taejon, South Korea
pp. 616

Recognizing on-line handwritten Chinese character via FARG matching (Abstract)

Jing Zheng , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Xiaoqing Ding , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Youshou Wu , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
pp. 621

Segmentation of Arabic Cursive Script (Abstract)

Deya Motawa , University of New South Wales
Adnan Amin , University of New South Wales
Robert Sabourin , University of New South Wales
pp. 625

Speeding-up Chinese Character Recognition in an Automatic Document Reading System (Abstract)

Yi-Hong Tseng , National Chiao Tung University
Chi-Chang Kuo , National Chiao Tung University
Hsi-Jian Lee , National Chiao Tung University
pp. 629

An on-line Japanese character recognition method using length-based stroke correspondence algorithm (Abstract)

Y. Tonouchi , Knowledge & Media Technol. Dept., Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan
A. Kawamura , Knowledge & Media Technol. Dept., Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan
pp. 633

On-line recognition handwritten mathematical symbols (Abstract)

Z. Xuejun , - Zhao Xuejin; Liu Xinyu; Zheng Shengling; Pan Baochang; Tang, Y.Y. Chongqing Univ., China
L. Xinyu , - Zhao Xuejin; Liu Xinyu; Zheng Shengling; Pan Baochang; Tang, Y.Y. Chongqing Univ., China
Z. Shengling , - Zhao Xuejin; Liu Xinyu; Zheng Shengling; Pan Baochang; Tang, Y.Y. Chongqing Univ., China
P. Baochang , - Zhao Xuejin; Liu Xinyu; Zheng Shengling; Pan Baochang; Tang, Y.Y. Chongqing Univ., China
Y. Tang , - Zhao Xuejin; Liu Xinyu; Zheng Shengling; Pan Baochang; Tang, Y.Y. Chongqing Univ., China
pp. 645

Shape Matrices as a Mixed Shape Factor for Off-line Signature Verification (Abstract)

Robert Sabourin , Laboratoire d'Imagerie, de Vision et d'Intelligence Artificielle (LIVIA)
J.-P. Drouhard , Laboratoire d'Imagerie, de Vision et d'Intelligence Artificielle (LIVIA)
Etienne Sum Wah , Laboratoire d'Imagerie, de Vision et d'Intelligence Artificielle (LIVIA)
pp. 661

A method for connecting disappeared junction patterns on frame lines in form documents (Abstract)

H. Shinjo , Hitachi Ltd, Japan
K. Nakashima , Hitachi Ltd, Japan
M. Koga , Hitachi Ltd, Japan
K. Marukawa , Hitachi Ltd, Japan
Y. Shima , Hitachi Ltd, Japan
E. Hadano , Hitachi Ltd, Japan
pp. 667

An Object/Segment Oriented Skew-Correction Technique for Document Images (Abstract)

Majdi Ben Hadj Ali , German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence
pp. 671

Artificial Neural Network for Discrete Cosine Transform and Image Compression (Abstract)

K. S. Ng , City University of Hong Kong
L. M. Cheng , City University of Hong Kong
pp. 675

Logarithmic Spiral Grid and Gaze Control for the Development of Strategies of Visual Segmentation on a Document (Abstract)

Veronique Eglin , Laboratoire de Reconnaissance de Formes et Vision RFV
Hubert Emptoz , Laboratoire de Reconnaissance de Formes et Vision RFV
pp. 689

Weighted Hough Transform on a Gridded Image Plane (Abstract)

Kazuhide Sugawara , Tokyo Research Laboratory, IBM Japan Ltd.
pp. 701

Table Image Segmentation (Abstract)

Konstantin Zuyev , Bit Software, Moscow, Russia.
pp. 705

A Proposal for a Text-Indicated Writer Verification Method (Abstract)

Yasushi Yamazaki , Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering School of Science & Engineering, Waseda University
Naohisa Komatsu , Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering School of Science & Engineering, Waseda University
pp. 709

Document image database retrieval and browsing using texture analysis (Abstract)

J.F. Cullen , Ricoh Silicon Valley Inc., Ricoh California Res. Center, CA, USA
J.J. Hull , Ricoh Silicon Valley Inc., Ricoh California Res. Center, CA, USA
P.E. Hart , Ricoh Silicon Valley Inc., Ricoh California Res. Center, CA, USA
pp. 718

Information Capture and Semantic Indexing of Digital Libraries through Machine Learning Techniques (Abstract)

Floriana Esposito , Universita' degli Studi di Bari
Donato Malerba , Universita' degli Studi di Bari
Giovanni Semeraro , Universita' degli Studi di Bari
Cesare Daniele Antifora , Universita' degli Studi di Bari
Gioacchino de Gennaro , Universita' degli Studi di Bari
pp. 722

Knowledge-based Document Analysis (Abstract)

Karl-Hans Bläsius , Fachbereich Angewandte Informatik
Beate Grawemeyer , Fachbereich Angewandte Informatik
Isabel John , Fachbereich Angewandte Informatik
Norbert Kuhn , Fachbereich Angewandte Informatik
pp. 728

Supporting Information Extraction from Printed Documents by Lexico-Semantic Pattern Matching (Abstract)

Claudia Wenzel , German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence DFKI GmbH
pp. 732

A Generic System for Processing Invoices (Abstract)

T. A. Bayer , Daimler-Benz Research Information Technology Text Understanding Systems
H. U. Mogg-Schneider , Daimler-Benz Research Information Technology Text Understanding Systems
pp. 740

A Scenario Model Advocating User-Driven Adaptive Document Recognition Systems (Abstract)

F. Bapst , University of Fribourg
A. Zramdini , University of Fribourg
R. Ingold , University of Fribourg
pp. 745

Extraction of Items From Checks (Abstract)

Salim Djeziri , Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres
Fathallah Nouboud , Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres
Rejean Plamondon , Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal
pp. 749

Fast Address Block Location on Handwritten and Machine Printed Mail--piece Images (Abstract)

M. Wolf , Bavarian Research Center for Knowledge Based Systems (FORWISS)
H. Niemann , Bavarian Research Center for Knowledge Based Systems (FORWISS)
W. Schmidt , Siemens AG, AUT V21
pp. 753

From Acquisition to Modelisation of a Form Base to Retrieve Information (Abstract)

S. Diana , Laboratoire PSI / La3I, Universite de Rouen
E. Trupin , Laboratoire PSI / La3I, Universite de Rouen
F. Jouzel , Laboratoire PSI / La3I, Universite de Rouen
Y. Lecourtier , Laboratoire PSI / La3I, Universite de Rouen
J. Labiche , Laboratoire ISMRA / LACP
pp. 762

Handwritten ZIP Code Recognition (Abstract)

Gregory Dzuba , Parascript, LLC, 1035 Pearl Street, Suite 206, Boulder, CO 80302 USA
Alexander Filatov , Parascript, LLC, 1035 Pearl Street, Suite 206, Boulder, CO 80302 USA
Alexander Volgunin , Parascript, LLC, 1035 Pearl Street, Suite 206, Boulder, CO 80302 USA
pp. 766

A Strategy for On-line Interpretation of Sketched Engineering Drawings (Abstract)

G. Hutton , University of Nottingham, England
M. Cripps , University of Nottingham, England
D.G. Elliman , University of Nottingham, England
C.A. Higgins , University of Nottingham, England
pp. 771

Algorithms for Recognition of the Main Engineering Drawing Entities (Abstract)

S. Ablameyko , Institute of Engineering Cybernetics, Belarussian Academy of Sciences
V. Bereishik , Institute of Engineering Cybernetics, Belarussian Academy of Sciences
O. Frantskevich , Institute of Engineering Cybernetics, Belarussian Academy of Sciences
M. Homenko , Institute of Engineering Cybernetics, Belarussian Academy of Sciences
N. Paramonova , Institute of Engineering Cybernetics, Belarussian Academy of Sciences
pp. 776

Finding straight lines in drawings (Abstract)

J.F. Arias , NYNEX Sci. & Technol., White Plains, NY, USA
A. Chhabra , NYNEX Sci. & Technol., White Plains, NY, USA
V. Misra , NYNEX Sci. & Technol., White Plains, NY, USA
pp. 788

Memory efficient skeletonization of utility maps (Abstract)

A.M. Vossepoel , Delft Univ. of Technol., Netherlands
K. Schutte , Delft Univ. of Technol., Netherlands
C.F.P. Delanghe , Delft Univ. of Technol., Netherlands
pp. 797

N-grams: a well-structured knowledge representation for recognition of graphical documents (Abstract)

E. Lank , Dept. of Comput. & Inf. Sci., Queen's Univ., Kingston, Ont., Canada
D. Blostein , Dept. of Comput. & Inf. Sci., Queen's Univ., Kingston, Ont., Canada
pp. 801

An Image Consulting Framework for Document Analysis of Internet Graphics (Abstract)

M. Köppen , Fraunhofer-Institute Production Systems and Design Technology Sector Process Technology/Department Pattern Recognition
L. Lohmann , Fraunhofer-Institute Production Systems and Design Technology Sector Process Technology/Department Pattern Recognition
B. Nickolay , Fraunhofer-Institute Production Systems and Design Technology Sector Process Technology/Department Pattern Recognition
pp. 819

Image and text coupling for creating electronic books from manuscripts (Abstract)

L. Robert , Ecole Nat. Superieure des Telecommun., Paris, France
L. Likforman-Sulem , Ecole Nat. Superieure des Telecommun., Paris, France
E. Lecolinet , Ecole Nat. Superieure des Telecommun., Paris, France
pp. 823

Surfing an ODBMS (Maintaining WWW Documents with O2) (Abstract)

Frank Buddrus , Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University
Marco Bellavia , Universit`a Statale di Milano
pp. 827

Representing OCRed documents in HTML (Abstract)

Tao Hong , Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, USA
S.N. Srihari , Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, USA
pp. 831

Confidence computation improvement in an optical field reading system (Abstract)

A. Benedetti , Dipt. di Sci. dell'Ingegneria, Modena Univ., Italy
Z.M. Kovacs-V. , Dipt. di Sci. dell'Ingegneria, Modena Univ., Italy
pp. 836

Omnifont and Unlimited-Vocabulary OCR for English and Arabic (Abstract)

Issam Bazzi , BBN Corporati
Chris LaPre , BBN Corporati
John Makhoul , BBN Corporati
Chris Raphael , BBN Corporati
Richard Schwartz , BBN Corporati
pp. 842

Pattern Classification Method by Integrating Interval Feature Values (Abstract)

Takahiko Horiuchi , Institute of Information Sciences and Electronics University of Tsukuba
pp. 847

Self-organizing Algorithm of Robust PCA Based on Single-layer NN (Abstract)

Wang Song , Tsinghua University
Xia Shaowei , Tsinghua University
pp. 851
Session 17: Word Recognition II

Handwritten Word Recognition Using Lexicon Free and Lexicon Directed Word Recognition Algorithms (Abstract)

M. Shridhar , University of Michigan-Dearborn
Gilles Houle , TRW Enterprise Solutions
F. Kimura , Mie University, Tsu City, Japan
pp. 861

Machine and Human Recognition of Segmented Characters from Handwritten Words (Abstract)

F. Kimura , Faculty of Engineering, Mie University
N. Kayahara , Faculty of Engineering, Mie University
Y. Miyake , Faculty of Engineering, Mie University
M. Shridhar , Faculty of Engineering, Mie University
pp. 866
Session 18: Classifier Combination

A Probabilistic Framework for Combining Multiple Classifiers at Abstract Level (Abstract)

Hee-Joong Kang , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Jin H. Kim , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
pp. 870

Complementary Classifier Design Using Difference Principal Components (Abstract)

Takahiko Kawatani , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories Japan
Hiroyuki Shimizu , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories Japan
pp. 875

Using Combination of Structural, Feature and Raster Classifiers for Recognition of Handprinted Characters (Abstract)

Konstantin Anisimovich , R&D Department, BIT Software
Vladimir Rybkin , R&D Department, BIT Software
Alexander Shamis , R&D Department, BIT Software
Vadim Tereshchenko , R&D Department, BIT Software
pp. 881

Introducing New Multiple Expert Decision Combination Topologies: A Case Study using Recognition of Handwritten Characters (Abstract)

A. F. R. Rahman , Electronic Engineering Laboratories University of Kent
M. C. Fairhurst , Electronic Engineering Laboratories University of Kent
pp. 886
Session 19: Applications and Systems III

Integration of hand-written address interpretation technology into the United States Postal Service Remote Computer Reader system (Abstract)

S.N. Srihari , CEDAR, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
E.J. Kuebert , CEDAR, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
pp. 892

Address Block Location on Complex Mail Pieces (Abstract)

Bin Yu , Michigan State University
Anil K. Jain , Michigan State University
Moidin Mohiuddin , IBM Alamaden Research Center
pp. 897

Form--Based Localization of the Destination Address Block on Complex Envelopes (Abstract)

M. Wolf , Bavarian Research Center for Knowledge Based Systems (FORWISS)
H. Niemann , Bavarian Research Center for Knowledge Based Systems (FORWISS)
pp. 908
Session 20: On-Line Recognition II

An On-Line Handwritten Note Recognition Method Using Shape Metamorphosis (Abstract)

Ioannis Pavlidis , Honeywell Technology Center, Honeywell Inc.
Rahul Singh , University of Minnesota
Nikolaos P. Papanikolopoulos , University of Minnesota
pp. 914

An On-Line Handwriting Characters Recognition Algorithm RAV (Reparameterized Angle Variations) (Abstract)

S. Masaki , Wasada University
M. Kobayashi , Wasada University
O. Miyamoto , Wasada University
Y. Nakagawa , Wasada University
T. Matsumoto , Wasada University
pp. 919

On-line handwriting character recognition method with directional features and direction-change features (Abstract)

M. Okamoto , Hypermedia Res. Centre, Sanyo Electr. Co. Ltd., Japan
K. Yamamoto , Hypermedia Res. Centre, Sanyo Electr. Co. Ltd., Japan
pp. 926

Recovery of temporal information of cursively handwritten words for on-line recognition. (Abstract)

H. Bunke , University Of Berne
R. Ammann , University Of Berne
G. Kaufmann , University Of Berne
T. M. Ha , University Of Berne
M. Schenkel , Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
R. Seiler , Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
F. Eggimann , Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
pp. 931

Recognizing Letters in on-line Handwriting using Hierarchical Fuzzy Inference (Abstract)

A. Hennig , The Nottingham Trent University
N. Sherkat , The Nottingham Trent University
R. J. Whitrow , The Nottingham Trent University
pp. 936

On-line Recognition of Renqun's Handwritten Shorthand (Abstract)

Chen Xiaoping , Department of Automation, Shandong University of Technology
Qiao Yizheng , Department of Automation, Shandong University of Technology
pp. 941
Session 21: Storage and Retrieval of Documents

Retrieval methods for English-text with missrecognized OCR characters (Abstract)

M. Ohta , Grad. Sch. of Eng., Tokyo Univ., Japan
A. Takasu , Grad. Sch. of Eng., Tokyo Univ., Japan
J. Adachi , Grad. Sch. of Eng., Tokyo Univ., Japan
pp. 950

An Approximate String Match for Garbled Text with Various Accuracy (Abstract)

Atsuhiro Takasu , National Center for Science Information Systems
pp. 957

Construction of retrieval system for pictorial book of flora (Abstract)

Y. Watanabe , Dept. of Electron. & Inf., Ryukoku Univ., Ohtsu, Japan
M. Nagao , Dept. of Electron. & Inf., Ryukoku Univ., Ohtsu, Japan
pp. 962

Measuring the Effects of OCR Errors on Similarity Linking (Abstract)

Andreas Myka , Wilhelm-Schickard-Institut Universitaet Tuebingen
Ulrich Guentzer , Wilhelm-Schickard-Institut Universitaet Tuebingen
pp. 968

Using Character Shape Coding for Information Retrieval (Abstract)

A.F. Smeaton , Dublin City University
A.L. Spitz , Daimler Benz Research & Technology Center
pp. 974
Session 22: Research Environments

A Knowledge-Based Image Understanding Environment for Document Processing (Abstract)

Ying Li , Centre de recherche informatique de Montreal (CRIM)
Marc Lalonde , Centre de recherche informatique de Montreal (CRIM)
Eric Reiher , Centre de recherche informatique de Montreal (CRIM)
Jean-Francois Rizand , Centre de recherche informatique de Montreal (CRIM)
Chong Zhu , Centre de recherche informatique de Montreal (CRIM)
pp. 979

A distributed management system for testing document image analysis algorithms (Abstract)

J. Sauvola , Machine Vision & Media Process. Group, Oulu Univ., Finland
S. Haapakoski , Machine Vision & Media Process. Group, Oulu Univ., Finland
H. Kauniskangas , Machine Vision & Media Process. Group, Oulu Univ., Finland
T. Seppanen , Machine Vision & Media Process. Group, Oulu Univ., Finland
M. Pietiklainen , Machine Vision & Media Process. Group, Oulu Univ., Finland
D. Doermann , Machine Vision & Media Process. Group, Oulu Univ., Finland
pp. 989

A Measure of Recognition Difficulty for a Character Image Database (Abstract)

Jung-Tae Kim , University of Berne
Sung-Yang Bang , University of Berne
pp. 996

TABS - A New Software Framework for Document Image Processing, Analysis, and Understanding (Abstract)

C. Cracknell , University of Essex
A. C. Downton , University of Essex
L. Du , University of Essex
pp. 1001
Session 23: Asian Character Recognition II

An OCR System to Read Two Indian Language Scripts: Bangla and Devnagari (Hindi) (Abstract)

B. B. Chaudhuri , Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Unit Indian Statistical Institute
U. Pal , Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Unit Indian Statistical Institute
pp. 1011

Unconstrained Japanese Address Recognition Using a Combination of Spatial Information and Word Knowledge (Abstract)

Eiki Ishidera , Information Technology Research Laboratories, NEC Corporation
Daisuke Nishiwaki , Information Technology Research Laboratories, NEC Corporation
Keiji Yamada , Information Technology Research Laboratories, NEC Corporation
pp. 1016

Classification of Oriental and European Scripts by Using Characteristic Features (Abstract)

J. Ding , Concordia University
L. Lam , Concordia University
Ching Y. Suen , Concordia University
pp. 1023

Recognition of Chinese business cards (Abstract)

Yaw-Huei Chiou , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan
Hsi-Jian Lee , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan
pp. 1028

High Accuracy Handwritten Chinese Character Recognition by Improved Feature Matching Method (Abstract)

Cheng-Lin Liu , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
In-Jung Kim , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Jin H. Kim , Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
pp. 1033
Session 24: Text and Document Understanding II

Layout and Language: Preliminary Investigations in Recognizing the Structure of Tables (Abstract)

Matthew Hurst , Language Technology Group, Human Communication Research Centre, University of Edinburgh
Shona Douglas , Language Technology Group, Human Communication Research Centre, University of Edinburgh
pp. 1043

Logical Structure Analysis of Book Document Images Using Contents Information (Abstract)

ChunChen Lin , School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University
Yosihiro Niwa , School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University
Seinosuke Narita , School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University
pp. 1048

Message Extraction from Printed Documents - A Complete Solution (Abstract)

Stephan Baumann , German Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI GmbH)
Majdi Ben Hadj Ali , German Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI GmbH)
Andreas Dengel , German Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI GmbH)
Thorsten Jäger , German Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI GmbH)
Michael Malburg , German Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI GmbH)
Achim Weigel , German Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI GmbH)
Claudia Wenzel , German Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI GmbH)
pp. 1055

Evaluating OCR and Non-OCR Text Representations for Learning Document Classifiers (Abstract)

Markus Junker , German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence GmbH, Germany
Rainer Hoch , SAP AG, Basis Systems and Services, Germany
pp. 1060

Logical Structure Recognition of Scientific Bibliographic References (Abstract)

Francois Parmentier , Campus Scientifique BP 239, F-54506 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy CEDEX, FRANCE
Abdel Belaid , Campus Scientifique BP 239, F-54506 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy CEDEX, FRANCE
pp. 1072
Session 25: Theoretical Approach

Modification of Hard-Limiting Multilayer Neural Networks for Confidence Evaluation (Abstract)

Robert Eigenmann , Institute for Network Theory and Circuit Design Munich University of Technology
Josef A. Nossek , Institute for Network Theory and Circuit Design Munich University of Technology
pp. 1087

Optimizing Error-Reject Trade off in Recognition Systems (Abstract)

Nikolai Gorski , St. Petersburg Inst. for Informatics and Automation
pp. 1092

Lexicon Reduction in an HMM-Framework Based on Quantized Feature Vectors (Abstract)

G. Kaufmann , University of Berne, Switzerland
H. Bunke , University of Berne, Switzerland
M. Hadorn , University of Berne, Switzerland
pp. 1097

Mathematical properties of the native integral ratio handwriting and text extraction technique (Abstract)

Yan Solihin , Sch. of Appl. Sci., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore
G. Leedham , Sch. of Appl. Sci., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore
pp. 1102
Invited Papers

More Versatile Scientific Documents (Abstract)

Richard J. Fateman , University of California, Berkeley, CA
pp. 1107

Author Index (PDF)

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