The Community for Technology Leaders
2013 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (1995)
Montr?al, Canada
Aug. 14, 1995 to Aug. 15, 1995
ISBN: 0-8186-7128-9
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Reviewers (PDF)

pp. xxiv
Session 2.4-P: Poster Papers I

Bibliography references validation using emergent architecture (Abstract)

A. Belaid , CRIN-INRIA Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France
F. Parmentier , CRIN-INRIA Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France
pp. 532

A framework for validating recognized results in understanding table-form document images (Abstract)

T. Watanabe , Dept. of Inf. Eng., Nagoya Univ., Japan
T. Fukumura , Dept. of Inf. Eng., Nagoya Univ., Japan
pp. 536

Zone classification in a document using the method of feature vector generation (Abstract)

R.M. Haralick , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
S. Subramanium , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
J. Ha , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
I.T. Phillips , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
R. Sivaramakrishnan , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 541

READLEX: a lexicon for the recognition and analysis of structured documents (Abstract)

R. Hoch , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
pp. 549

A knowledge-based approach to Chinese archive document understanding (Abstract)

Bing-Shan Chien , Basic Res. Lab., Telecommun. Labs., Taoyuan, Taiwan
Pao-Chung Chang , Basic Res. Lab., Telecommun. Labs., Taoyuan, Taiwan
Gan-How Chang , Basic Res. Lab., Telecommun. Labs., Taoyuan, Taiwan
Shih-Shien You , Basic Res. Lab., Telecommun. Labs., Taoyuan, Taiwan
pp. 553

Contextual postprocessing of a Korean OCR system by linguistic constraints (Abstract)

Ho-Jeong Hwang , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Pusan Nat. Univ., South Korea
Hyuk-Chul Kwon , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Pusan Nat. Univ., South Korea
Min-Jung Kim , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Pusan Nat. Univ., South Korea
Seong-Whan Lee , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Pusan Nat. Univ., South Korea
pp. 557

Classification and functional decomposition of business documents (Abstract)

M. Lipshutz , Gov. Syst. Group, Unisys Corp., Paoli, PA, USA
R.W. Nilson , Gov. Syst. Group, Unisys Corp., Paoli, PA, USA
S.L. Taylor , Gov. Syst. Group, Unisys Corp., Paoli, PA, USA
pp. 563

A new approach to document analysis based on modified fractal signature (Abstract)

Dan Liu , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Y.Y. Tang , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Xiaogang Mao , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Hong Ma , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
C.Y. Suen , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 567

Extraction of reference lines from documents with grey-level background using sub-images of wavelets (Abstract)

Dihua Xi , Center for Pattern Recognition, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Yi Cheng , Center for Pattern Recognition, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Hong Ma , Center for Pattern Recognition, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
C.Y. Suen , Center for Pattern Recognition, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Y.Y. Tang , Center for Pattern Recognition, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 571

Analyzing the logical structure of data flow diagrams in software documents (Abstract)

R. Shinghal , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
G. Butler , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
I. Tjandra , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
P. Grogono , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 575

Description and recognition of form and automated form data entry (Abstract)

Xiaoqing Ding , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Jinhui Liu , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Youshou Wu , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
pp. 579

A method for table structure analysis using DP matching (Abstract)

Y. Hirayama , Res. Lab., IBM Japan Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
pp. 583

Clustering and classification of document structure-a machine learning approach (Abstract)

F. Dubiel , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
A. Dengel , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
pp. 587

Post-processing of OCR results for automatic indexing (Abstract)

A. Dengel , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
H.-G. Hein , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
L. Wiedenhifer , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
pp. 592

A general analysis system for document's layout structure recognition (Abstract)

H.N. Pham , Compiegne Technol. Univ., France
Y.H. Liu-Gong , Compiegne Technol. Univ., France
B. Dubuisson , Compiegne Technol. Univ., France
pp. 597

Ground-truthing and benchmarking document page segmentation (Abstract)

B.A. Yanikoglu , Xerox Imaging Systems, USA
L. Vincent , Xerox Imaging Systems, USA
pp. 601

Segmentation of the Yellow Pages (Abstract)

A. Amin , Sch. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., New South Wales Univ., Sydney, NSW, Australia
D. Drivas , Sch. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., New South Wales Univ., Sydney, NSW, Australia
S. Fischer , Sch. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., New South Wales Univ., Sydney, NSW, Australia
pp. 605

Page segmentation and classification utilising a bottom-up approach (Abstract)

D. Drivas , Sch. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., New South Wales Univ., Kensington, NSW, Australia
A. Amin , Sch. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., New South Wales Univ., Kensington, NSW, Australia
pp. 610

A trainable, single-pass algorithm for column segmentation (Abstract)

D. Sylwester , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Concordia Coll., Seward, NE, USA
S. Seth , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Concordia Coll., Seward, NE, USA
pp. 615

A feature point clustering approach to the segmentation of form documents (Abstract)

Jeng-Ming Lu , Inst. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
Jing-Yuh Wang , Inst. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
Kuo-Chin Fan , Inst. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
pp. 623

A new vectorization-based approach to the skeletonization of binary images (Abstract)

Kuo-Chin Fan , Inst. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
Den-Fong Chen , Inst. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
Ming-Gang Wen , Inst. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
pp. 627

Hybrid thinning through reconstruction (Abstract)

D. Doermann , Center for Autom. Res., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
O. Kia , Center for Autom. Res., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
pp. 632

Improved binarization algorithm for document image by histogram and edge detection (Abstract)

Heok-Gu Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Korea Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Sun-Mee Kang , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Korea Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Woo-Sik Rho , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Korea Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Duck-Jin Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Korea Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Moon-Soo Chang , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Korea Univ., Seoul, South Korea
pp. 636

Preprocessing raw binary images by means of contours (Abstract)

J.M. Gloger , Dept. of Text Understanding, Daimler-Benz Res. Center, Ulm, Germany
T. Caesar , Dept. of Text Understanding, Daimler-Benz Res. Center, Ulm, Germany
A. Braun , Dept. of Text Understanding, Daimler-Benz Res. Center, Ulm, Germany
E. Mandler , Dept. of Text Understanding, Daimler-Benz Res. Center, Ulm, Germany
pp. 640

Character detection based on multi-scale measurement (Abstract)

S. Shimotsuji , Res. & Dev. Center, Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan
H. Hontani , Res. & Dev. Center, Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan
pp. 644

Gray scale filtering for line and word segmentation (Abstract)

A.C. Tisler , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Michigan Univ., Dearborn, MI, USA
Yi Lu , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Michigan Univ., Dearborn, MI, USA
pp. 648

Drawing capturing system using image enhancement (Abstract)

N. Nakamura , NTT Human Interface Labs., Kanagawa, Japan
M. Nagura , NTT Human Interface Labs., Kanagawa, Japan
K. Hosaka , NTT Human Interface Labs., Kanagawa, Japan
pp. 652

Observation method for mathematical graphology (Abstract)

K. Toraichi , Inst. of Inf. Sci. & Electron., Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki, Japan
R. Haruki , Inst. of Inf. Sci. & Electron., Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki, Japan
T. Horiuchi , Inst. of Inf. Sci. & Electron., Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki, Japan
pp. 656

A system for automatic Chinese seal imprint verification (Abstract)

Xilin Chen , Artificial Intelligence Lab., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
Shengfu Dong , Artificial Intelligence Lab., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
Wen Gao , Artificial Intelligence Lab., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 660

Extraction of signature and seal imprint from bankchecks by using color information (Abstract)

K. Ueda , Dept. of Inf. Eng., Nara Nat. Coll. of Technol., Japan
pp. 665

Color quantization by RWM-cut (Abstract)

Ja-Chen Lin , Inst. of Comput. & Inf. Sci., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan
Ching-Yung Yang , Inst. of Comput. & Inf. Sci., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan
pp. 669

Circular histogram thresholding for color image segmentation (Abstract)

Yao-Fu Li , Inst. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
Cheng-Tan Tung , Inst. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
Din-Chang Tseng , Inst. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
pp. 673

Faxed image restoration using Kalman filtering (Abstract)

Ju-Sung Kim , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Chungcheong Coll., Chungbuk, South Korea
Seong-Whan Lee , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Chungcheong Coll., Chungbuk, South Korea
Myoung-Young Yoon , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Chungcheong Coll., Chungbuk, South Korea
pp. 677

A shape band-pass filter for character recognition and texture segmentation (Abstract)

J. Ronsin , IRISA, Rennes, France
Demin Wang , IRISA, Rennes, France
V. Haese-Coat , IRISA, Rennes, France
pp. 681

A structural model of continuous transformation of handwritten characters (Abstract)

H. Nishida , Sch. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Aizu Univ., Japan
pp. 685

The field transform and its application to personal handwritten Chinese character recognition (Abstract)

Ming-Jing Li , Inst. of Autom., Acad. Sinica, Beijing, China
Ru-Wei Dai , Inst. of Autom., Acad. Sinica, Beijing, China
pp. 689

Towards a genetic based prototyper for character shapes (Abstract)

A. Marcelli , Dipartimento di Inf. e Sistemistica, Univ. di Napoli Federico II, Italy
B. Bontempi , Dipartimento di Inf. e Sistemistica, Univ. di Napoli Federico II, Italy
pp. 694

A clustering method and radius tuning by end users (Abstract)

H. Takahashi , Yamato Lab., IBM Japan Ltd., Yamato, Japan
K.M. Mohiuddin , Yamato Lab., IBM Japan Ltd., Yamato, Japan
pp. 698

Automatic hypertext link generation based on conceptual graphs (Abstract)

Gi-Chul Yang , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Mokpo Nat. Univ., South Korea
Key-Sun Choi , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Mokpo Nat. Univ., South Korea
pp. 702

A visual programming toolkit demonstrator for offline handwritten forms recognition (Abstract)

A.C. Downton , Dept. of Electron. Syst. Eng., Essex Univ., Colchester, UK
S.J. Hanlon , Dept. of Electron. Syst. Eng., Essex Univ., Colchester, UK
A. Amiri , Dept. of Electron. Syst. Eng., Essex Univ., Colchester, UK
pp. 707

Data structures and tools for document database generation: an experimental system (Abstract)

R. Bippus , Inst. fur Nachrichtentech., Tech. Univ. Braunschweig, Germany
V. Märgner , Inst. fur Nachrichtentech., Tech. Univ. Braunschweig, Germany
pp. 711

Parallel hardware implementation of handwritten character recognition system on wavefront array processor architecture (Abstract)

Seong-Whan Lee , Tech. Lab., BIT Comput. Co. Ltd., Seoul, South Korea
Young-Joon Kim , Tech. Lab., BIT Comput. Co. Ltd., Seoul, South Korea
Myung-Won Kim , Tech. Lab., BIT Comput. Co. Ltd., Seoul, South Korea
pp. 715
Session 3.1 -A: Shape Models

Comparison of normalization methods for character recognition (Abstract)

J.T. Favata , Center of Excellence for Document Anal. & Recognition, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
Dar-Shyang Lee , Center of Excellence for Document Anal. & Recognition, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
G. Srikantan , Center of Excellence for Document Anal. & Recognition, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
pp. 719

An OCR based on character shape codes and lexical information (Abstract)

A.L. Spitz , Fuji Xerox Palo Alto Lab., CA, USA
pp. 723

Matching graph embeddings for shape analysis (Abstract)

H. Shi , Dept. of Comput. Sci., State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA
T. Pavlidis , Dept. of Comput. Sci., State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA
W.J. Sakoda , Dept. of Comput. Sci., State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA
pp. 729

Power functions and their use in selecting distance functions for document degradation model validation (Abstract)

H.S. Baird , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
R.M. Haralick , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
T. Kanungo , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 734

A study of document image degradation effects on font recognition (Abstract)

A. Zramdini , Inst. of Inf., Fribourg Univ., Switzerland
R. Ingold , Inst. of Inf., Fribourg Univ., Switzerland
pp. 740
Session 3.1 -B: Item Extraction

Item searching in forms: Application to French tax form (Abstract)

A. Belaïl , CRIN-INRIA Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France
E. Turolla , CRIN-INRIA Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France
Y. Belaïd , CRIN-INRIA Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France
pp. 744

Detection of courtesy amount block on bank checks (Abstract)

P.S.P. Wang , Sloan Sch. of Manage., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
A. Gupta , Sloan Sch. of Manage., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
A. Agarwal , Sloan Sch. of Manage., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
L. Granowetter , Sloan Sch. of Manage., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
K. Hussein , Sloan Sch. of Manage., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 748

Four directional adjacency graphs (FDAG) and their application in locating fields in forms (Abstract)

Jianxing Yuan , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Y.Y. Tang , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
C.Y. Suen , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 752

Location of name and address on fax cover pages (Abstract)

Jenchyou Lii , Center of Excellence for Document Anal. & Recognition, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
S.N. Srihari , Center of Excellence for Document Anal. & Recognition, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
pp. 756
Session 3.1 -C: Document Segmentation

Simultaneous word segmentation from document images using recursive morphological closing transform (Abstract)

I.T. Phillips , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
Su Chen , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
R.M. Haralick , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 761

Kalman filter contributions towards document segmentation (Abstract)

J. Camillerapp , Inst. Nat. des Sci. Appliques, Rennes, France
I. Leplumey , Inst. Nat. des Sci. Appliques, Rennes, France
C. Queguiner , Inst. Nat. des Sci. Appliques, Rennes, France
pp. 765

A Hough based algorithm for extracting text lines in handwritten documents (Abstract)

L. Likforman-Sulem , Ecole Nat. Superieure des Telecommun., Paris, France
C. Faure , Ecole Nat. Superieure des Telecommun., Paris, France
A. Hanimyan , Ecole Nat. Superieure des Telecommun., Paris, France
pp. 774

Adaptive image restoration of text images that contain touching or broken characters (Abstract)

V. Kalluri , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV, USA
J. Kanai , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV, USA
P. Stubberud , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV, USA
pp. 778
Sesson 3.1 -D: Diagram/Drawing Understanding

Efficient analysis of complex diagrams using constraint-based parsing (Abstract)

R.P. Futrelle , Coll. of Comput. Sci., Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA, USA
N. Nikolakis , Coll. of Comput. Sci., Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA, USA
pp. 782

A system for recognizing a large class of engineering drawings (Abstract)

S.C. Seth , Legent Corp., Naperville, IL, USA
A. Samal , Legent Corp., Naperville, IL, USA
Yuhong Yu , Legent Corp., Naperville, IL, USA
pp. 791

Efficient techniques for telephone company line drawing interpretation (Abstract)

A. Chhabra , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
R. Kasturi , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
J.F. Arias , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
pp. 795

The role of taxonomy in drawing interpretation (Abstract)

B. Pasternak , AI-Lab., Hamburg Univ., Germany
pp. 799

Automatic understanding of symbol-connected diagrams (Abstract)

Bin Yu , Inst. of Inf. Sci., Northern Jiaotong Univ., Beijing, China
pp. 803
Session 3.2-P: Poster Papers II

A comparative study of the k nearest neighbour, threshold and neural network classifiers for handwritten signature verification using an enhanced directional PDF (Abstract)

R. Sabourin , Ecole de Technol. Superieure, Montreal, Que., Canada
J.-P. Drouhard , Ecole de Technol. Superieure, Montreal, Que., Canada
M. Godbout , Ecole de Technol. Superieure, Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 807

A system for machine-written and hand-written character distinction (Abstract)

L. Simoncini , Dipartimento di Elettronica, Inf. e Sistemistica, Bologna Univ., Italy
K. Kuhnke , Dipartimento di Elettronica, Inf. e Sistemistica, Bologna Univ., Italy
Zs.M. Kovacs-V , Dipartimento di Elettronica, Inf. e Sistemistica, Bologna Univ., Italy
pp. 811

Off-line recognition of handwritten Korean and alphanumeric characters using hidden Markov models (Abstract)

Woo Sung Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Sun Moon Univ., Chunan, South Korea
Choonsuk Oh , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Sun Moon Univ., Chunan, South Korea
pp. 815

Recognition of handprinted Chinese characters using Gabor features (Abstract)

S. Tomita , Fac. of Eng., Yamaguchi Univ., Ube, Japan
Y. Hamamoto , Fac. of Eng., Yamaguchi Univ., Ube, Japan
S. Uchimura , Fac. of Eng., Yamaguchi Univ., Ube, Japan
K. Masamizu , Fac. of Eng., Yamaguchi Univ., Ube, Japan
pp. 819

Hierarchical flexible matching for recognition of Chinese characters (Abstract)

Yung-Ping Cheng , Inst. of Inf. Sci., Acad. Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Fu Chang , Inst. of Inf. Sci., Acad. Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Yao-Sheng Huang , Inst. of Inf. Sci., Acad. Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
pp. 824

A personal handwritten Chinese character recognition algorithm based on the generalized Hough transform (Abstract)

Ru-Wei Dai , Inst. of Autom., Acad. Sinica, Beijing, China
Ming-Jing Li , Inst. of Autom., Acad. Sinica, Beijing, China
pp. 828

A method of Jia Gu Wen recognition based on a two-level classification (Abstract)

Feng Li , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Fudan Univ., Shanghai, China
Xing-Cheng Hua , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Fudan Univ., Shanghai, China
Xin-Lun Zhou , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Fudan Univ., Shanghai, China
pp. 833

Incremental character recognition with feature attribution (Abstract)

L. Shastri , Domaine de la Merci, Inst. Albert Boniot, La Tronche, France
R. Audouin , Domaine de la Merci, Inst. Albert Boniot, La Tronche, France
pp. 837

Extracting meaningful handwriting features with fuzzy aggregation method (Abstract)

A. Malaviya , German Nat. Res. Center for Comput. Sci., St. Augustin, Germany
L. Peters , German Nat. Res. Center for Comput. Sci., St. Augustin, Germany
pp. 841

Graph-based handwritten digit string recognition (Abstract)

A. Filatov , Offline Recognition Dept., Paragraph Int., Sunnyvale, CA, USA
I. Kil , Offline Recognition Dept., Paragraph Int., Sunnyvale, CA, USA
A. Gitis , Offline Recognition Dept., Paragraph Int., Sunnyvale, CA, USA
pp. 845

A multi-layer classifier for recognition of unconstrained handwritten numerals (Abstract)

Jhing-Fa Wang , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan, Taiwan
Gwo-En Wang , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan, Taiwan
pp. 849

A structural method with local refining for handwritten character recognition (Abstract)

G. Dimauro , Dipt. di Inf., Bari Univ., Italy
S. Impedovo , Dipt. di Inf., Bari Univ., Italy
G. Congedo , Dipt. di Inf., Bari Univ., Italy
G. Pirlo , Dipt. di Inf., Bari Univ., Italy
pp. 853

Lexical postprocessing by heuristic search and automatic determination of the edit costs (Abstract)

J. Rohrschneider , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
A. Weigel , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
S. Baumann , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
pp. 857

Strokes recovering from static handwriting (Abstract)

Weimin Huang , Dept. of Autom., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Gang Rong , Dept. of Autom., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Zhaoqi Bian , Dept. of Autom., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
pp. 861

A robust approach for Arabic printed character segmentation (Abstract)

B.A. Najoua , Ecole Nationale d'Ingenieurs de Monastir, Tunisia
E. Noureddine , Ecole Nationale d'Ingenieurs de Monastir, Tunisia
pp. 865

Persian cursive script recognition (Abstract)

R. Safavi , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ottawa Univ., Ont., Canada
O. Fatemi , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ottawa Univ., Ont., Canada
M.R. Hashemi , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ottawa Univ., Ont., Canada
pp. 869

A new approach for Latin/Arabic character segmentation (Abstract)

K. Romeo-Pakker , La3i, Rouen Univ., Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
Y. Lecourtier , La3i, Rouen Univ., Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
H. Miled , La3i, Rouen Univ., Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
pp. 874

Numeral characters and capital letters segmentation recognition in mixed handwriting context (Abstract)

J. Lemoine , LERISS, Paris XII Univ., Val-de-Marne, France
E. Petit , LERISS, Paris XII Univ., Val-de-Marne, France
H. Oulhadj , LERISS, Paris XII Univ., Val-de-Marne, France
H. Wehbi , LERISS, Paris XII Univ., Val-de-Marne, France
pp. 878

Applying personalized weights to a feature set for on-line signature verification (Abstract)

Myoung Soo Park , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Seong Hoon Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Jaihie Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea
pp. 882

On-line cursive script recognition using an island-driven search technique (Abstract)

Seung-Ho Lee , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Taejon, South Korea
Hyunkyu Lee , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Taejon, South Korea
J.H. Kim , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Taejon, South Korea
pp. 886

Off-line cursive handwriting segmentation (Abstract)

I.K. Sethi , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI, USA
Ke Han , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI, USA
pp. 894

Base line correction for handwritten word recognition (Abstract)

S. Tsuruoka , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Mie Univ., Tsu, Japan
Y. Miyake , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Mie Univ., Tsu, Japan
N. Minamide , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Mie Univ., Tsu, Japan
F. Kimura , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Mie Univ., Tsu, Japan
N. Watanabe , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Mie Univ., Tsu, Japan
M. Shridhar , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Mie Univ., Tsu, Japan
pp. 902

Handwritten ZIP code recognition using lexicon free word recognition algorithm (Abstract)

M. Shridhar , Fac. of Eng., Mie Univ., Tsu, Japan
F. Kimura , Fac. of Eng., Mie Univ., Tsu, Japan
Y. Miyake , Fac. of Eng., Mie Univ., Tsu, Japan
pp. 906

Serial classifier combination for handwritten word recognition (Abstract)

S. Madhvanath , CEDAR, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
V. Govindaraju , CEDAR, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
pp. 911

Using lexical knowledge for the recognition of poorly written words (Abstract)

E. Mandler , Text Understanding Dept., Daimler-Benz AG, Ulm, Germany
T. Caesar , Text Understanding Dept., Daimler-Benz AG, Ulm, Germany
J.M. Gloger , Text Understanding Dept., Daimler-Benz AG, Ulm, Germany
pp. 915

Lexicon-driven word recognition (Abstract)

Chien-Huei Chen , Inf., Telecommun., & Autom. Div., SRI Int., Menlo Park, CA, USA
pp. 919

Data capture from maps based on gray scale topographic analysis (Abstract)

A.K. Jain , Dept. of Inf., Oslo Univ., Norway
T. Taxt , Dept. of Inf., Oslo Univ., Norway
O.D. Trier , Dept. of Inf., Oslo Univ., Norway
pp. 923

Tools for interactive map conversion and vectorization (Abstract)

L. Eikvil , Norwegian Comput. Center, Oslo, Norway
K. Aas , Norwegian Comput. Center, Oslo, Norway
H. Koren , Norwegian Comput. Center, Oslo, Norway
pp. 927

Recursive morphological sieve method for searching pictorial point symbols on maps (Abstract)

J.S. Shieh , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. John's, Nfld., Canada
pp. 931

Extraction of slant character candidates from maps using circular templates (Abstract)

H. Kuroda , Sasebo Coll. of Technol., Japan
M. Anegawa , Sasebo Coll. of Technol., Japan
A. Nakamura , Sasebo Coll. of Technol., Japan
O. Shiku , Sasebo Coll. of Technol., Japan
H. Takahira , Sasebo Coll. of Technol., Japan
pp. 936

A system for recognizing numeric strings from topographical maps (Abstract)

H. Kuroda , Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Nagasaki Univ., Japan
A. Nakamura , Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Nagasaki Univ., Japan
M. Anegawa , Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Nagasaki Univ., Japan
T. Ohyamat , Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Nagasaki Univ., Japan
O. Shiku , Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Nagasaki Univ., Japan
pp. 940

Rotation-invariant recognition of character strings for Korean cadastral map digitizing (Abstract)

P.K. Rhee , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Inha Univ., Inchon, South Korea
J.S. Park , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Inha Univ., Inchon, South Korea
Y.G. Kang , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Inha Univ., Inchon, South Korea
pp. 944

Separation of Chinese characters from graphics (Abstract)

Hong-Yuan Mark Liao , Dept. of Inf. & Electron. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
Jiing-Yuh Wang , Dept. of Inf. & Electron. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
Kuo-Chin Fan , Dept. of Inf. & Electron. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
Liang-Hua Chen , Dept. of Inf. & Electron. Eng., Nat. Central Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan
pp. 948

Recursive X-Y cut using bounding boxes of connected components (Abstract)

R.M. Haralick , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
I.T. Phillips , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
Jaekyu Ha , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 952

Understanding mathematical expressions from document images (Abstract)

R.M. Haralick , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
Jaekyu Ha , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
I.T. Phillips , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 956

Interpretation of conceptual diagrams from line segments and strings (Abstract)

S. Takamatsu , Dept. of Comput. & Syst. Sci., Osaka Prefecture Univ., Japan
N. Yoneda , Dept. of Comput. & Syst. Sci., Osaka Prefecture Univ., Japan
K. Fukunaga , Dept. of Comput. & Syst. Sci., Osaka Prefecture Univ., Japan
K. Kise , Dept. of Comput. & Syst. Sci., Osaka Prefecture Univ., Japan
pp. 960

Semi-automatic delineation of regions in floor plans (Abstract)

J. Marks , Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA
S. Shieber , Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA
K. Ryall , Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA
M. Mazer , Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 964

Recognition of objects in images of paper based line drawings (Abstract)

V.M. Kiyko , Inst. of Cybernetics, Acad. of Sci., Kiev, Ukraine
pp. 970

An intelligent Chinese official document processing system (Abstract)

Gan-How Chang , Basic Res. Lab., Telecommun. Labs., Taiwan
Tieh-Ming Wu , Basic Res. Lab., Telecommun. Labs., Taiwan
Pei-Yih Ting , Basic Res. Lab., Telecommun. Labs., Taiwan
Tun-Wen Pai , Basic Res. Lab., Telecommun. Labs., Taiwan
pp. 974

Realization of a high-performance bilingual Chinese-English OCR system (Abstract)

Fanxia Guo , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Xiaoqing Ding , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Youshou Wu , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Hong Guo , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Zhong Zhang , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
pp. 978

A microprocessor-based optical character recognition check reader (Abstract)

F. Wu , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Hong Kong Univ., Hong Kong
F. Chin , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Hong Kong Univ., Hong Kong
pp. 982

Two-stage recognition of freight train ID number under outdoor environment (Abstract)

Ki-Sang Hong , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Pohang Inst. of Sci. & Technol., South Korea
Jeong-Hoe Ku , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Pohang Inst. of Sci. & Technol., South Korea
Jeong-Hun Jang , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Pohang Inst. of Sci. & Technol., South Korea
Jae-Ho Kim , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Pohang Inst. of Sci. & Technol., South Korea
pp. 986

A map acquisition, storage, indexing, and retrieval system (Abstract)

A. Soffer , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
H. Samet , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
pp. 992

A Markovian random field approach to information retrieval (Abstract)

J.G. Meunier , Lab. d'Analyse Cognitive de l'Inf., UQAM, Canada
D. Bouchaffra , Lab. d'Analyse Cognitive de l'Inf., UQAM, Canada
pp. 997
Session 3.3-A: Word and Character Recognition

A system for segmenting and recognising totally unconstrained handwritten numeral strings (Abstract)

H. Bunke , Inst. fur Inf. und Angewandte Math., Berne Univ., Switzerland
T.M. Ha , Inst. fur Inf. und Angewandte Math., Berne Univ., Switzerland
D. Niggeler , Inst. fur Inf. und Angewandte Math., Berne Univ., Switzerland
pp. 1003

Multiresolution recognition of handwritten numerals with wavelet transform and multilayer cluster neural network (Abstract)

Seong-Whan Lee , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Korea Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Young-Joon Kim , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Korea Univ., Seoul, South Korea
pp. 1010

Optimal techniques in OCR error correction for Japanese texts (Abstract)

H. Fujisawa , Adv. Res. Lab., Hitachi Ltd., Saitama, Japan
K. Marukawa , Adv. Res. Lab., Hitachi Ltd., Saitama, Japan
Y. Nitta , Adv. Res. Lab., Hitachi Ltd., Saitama, Japan
T. Hisamitsu , Adv. Res. Lab., Hitachi Ltd., Saitama, Japan
Y. Shima , Adv. Res. Lab., Hitachi Ltd., Saitama, Japan
pp. 1014

Reading encrypted postal indicia (Abstract)

B. Romansky , Pitney Bowes Inc., Shelton, CT, USA
M. Cullen , Pitney Bowes Inc., Shelton, CT, USA
L. Pintsov , Pitney Bowes Inc., Shelton, CT, USA
pp. 1018

Conjoined location and recognition of street names within a postal address delivery line (Abstract)

M. Gilloux , Service de Recherche Tech. de La Poste, La Poste, Nantes, France
A. El Yacoubi , Service de Recherche Tech. de La Poste, La Poste, Nantes, France
J.-M. Bertille , Service de Recherche Tech. de La Poste, La Poste, Nantes, France
pp. 1024
Session 3.3-B: Segmentation II

Strategies in character segmentation: a survey (Abstract)

E. Lecolinet , IBM Almaden Res. Center, San Jose, CA, USA
R.G. Casey , IBM Almaden Res. Center, San Jose, CA, USA
pp. 1028

A correspondence based approach to segmentation of cursive words (Abstract)

A. Negi , Dept. of Comput. & Inf. Sci., Hyderabad Univ., India
A. Agarwal , Dept. of Comput. & Inf. Sci., Hyderabad Univ., India
K.S. Swaroop , Dept. of Comput. & Inf. Sci., Hyderabad Univ., India
pp. 1034

Segmentation of numeric strings (Abstract)

S. Impedovo , Dipartimento di Inf., Univ. degli Studi di Bari, Italy
G. Pirlo , Dipartimento di Inf., Univ. degli Studi di Bari, Italy
G. Congedo , Dipartimento di Inf., Univ. degli Studi di Bari, Italy
G. Dimauro , Dipartimento di Inf., Univ. degli Studi di Bari, Italy
pp. 1038

Segmentation of interference marks using morphological approach (Abstract)

M. Shridhar , Windsor Univ., Ont., Canada
S. Liang , Windsor Univ., Ont., Canada
M. Ahmadi , Windsor Univ., Ont., Canada
pp. 1042

A system for scanning and segmenting cursively handwritten words into basic strokes (Abstract)

R. Plamondon , Dept. de Genie Electr., Ecole Polytech. de Montreal, Que., Canada
C.M. Privitera , Dept. de Genie Electr., Ecole Polytech. de Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 1047
Session 3.3-C: On-Line Recognition II

On-line cursive Korean character recognition by using curvature models (Abstract)

Moo Young Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Jaihie Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Chang Soo Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Woo Seong Kim , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea
Byung Hwan Jun , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea
pp. 1051

Neural approaches for human signature verification (Abstract)

Luan Ling Lee , Univ. Estadual de Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
pp. 1055

On-line cursive Kanji character recognition as stroke correspondence problem (Abstract)

A. Suzuki , NTT Human Interface Labs., Kanagawa, Japan
N. Nakajima , NTT Human Interface Labs., Kanagawa, Japan
T. Wakahara , NTT Human Interface Labs., Kanagawa, Japan
S. Miyahara , NTT Human Interface Labs., Kanagawa, Japan
K. Odaka , NTT Human Interface Labs., Kanagawa, Japan
pp. 1059

Intelligent document assistant processor for pen-based computing systems (Abstract)

T. Fujisaki , Comput. Sci. & Eng., Inha Univ., Inchon, South Korea
P.K. Rhee , Comput. Sci. & Eng., Inha Univ., Inchon, South Korea
pp. 1065

A grammatical inference approach to on-line handwriting modeling and recognition: a pilot study (Abstract)

Dit-Yan Yeung , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Kowloon, Hong Kong
pp. 1069
Session 3.3-D: Theoretical Approach and Music Recognition

Head and stem extraction from printed music scores using a neural network approach (Abstract)

H. Miyao , Fac. of Eng., Shinshu Univ., Nagano, Japan
Y. Nakano , Fac. of Eng., Shinshu Univ., Nagano, Japan
pp. 1074

A simplified attributed graph grammar for high-level music recognition (Abstract)

S. Baumann , German Res. Center for Artificial Intelligence, Kaiserslautern, Germany
pp. 1080
Session 3.4-A: Learning

An experimental study of learning curves for statistical pattern classifiers (Abstract)

T. Matsunaga , NTT Data Commun. Syst. Corp., Kanagawa, Japan
H. Kida , NTT Data Commun. Syst. Corp., Kanagawa, Japan
pp. 1103

Automatic construction of structural models for unconstrained handwritten characters (Abstract)

H. Nishida , Sch. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Univ. of Aizu, Fukushima, Japan
pp. 1107

Joint feature and classifier design for OCR (Abstract)

Dz-Mou Jung , Dept. of Electr. Comput. & Syst. Eng., Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA
G. Nagy , Dept. of Electr. Comput. & Syst. Eng., Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA
pp. 1115
Session 3.4-B: Layout Analysis

Document page decomposition by the bounding-box project (Abstract)

Jaekyu Ha , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
R.M. Haralick , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
I.T. Phillips , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 1119

A language for document generic layout description and its use for segmentation into regions (Abstract)

R. Ingold , Inst. of Inf., Fribourg Univ., Switzerland
A. Azokly , Inst. of Inf., Fribourg Univ., Switzerland
pp. 1123

Page segmentation and classification using fast feature extraction and connectivity analysis (Abstract)

M. Pietikäinen , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Oulu Univ., Finland
J. Sauvola , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Oulu Univ., Finland
pp. 1127

Representation and classification of complex-shaped printed regions using white tiles (Abstract)

R.T. Ritchings , Dept. of Comput., Univ. of Manchester Inst. of Sci. & Technol., UK
A. Antonacopoulos , Dept. of Comput., Univ. of Manchester Inst. of Sci. & Technol., UK
pp. 1132

A system for data extraction from forms of known class (Abstract)

S. Marinai , Dept. of Syst. & Inf., Florence Univ., Italy
G. Soda , Dept. of Syst. & Inf., Florence Univ., Italy
M. Gori , Dept. of Syst. & Inf., Florence Univ., Italy
F. Cesarini , Dept. of Syst. & Inf., Florence Univ., Italy
pp. 1136
Session 3.4-C: Skew Detection and Processing

Cooperation of multi-layer perceptrons for the estimation of skew angle in text document images (Abstract)

G. Burel , Thomson Broadband Syst., Cesson-Sevigne, France
N. Rondel , Thomson Broadband Syst., Cesson-Sevigne, France
pp. 1141

A simple and efficient skew detection algorithm via text row accumulation (Abstract)

R. Smith , Hewlett Packard Labs., Bristol, UK
pp. 1145

Document skew detection based on the fractal and least squares method (Abstract)

Chiu L. Yu , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Ching Y. Suen , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
Yuan Y. Tang , Center for Pattern Recognition & Machine Intelligence, Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
pp. 1149

Automatic text skew estimation in document images (Abstract)

I.T. Phillips , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
Su Chen , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
R.M. Haralick , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 1153

Processing of text documents: straight line approximation and lost loop recovery (Abstract)

M.J.J. Holt , Dept. of Comput. Eng., King Saud Univ., Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
I.S.I. Abuhaiba , Dept. of Comput. Eng., King Saud Univ., Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
S. Datta , Dept. of Comput. Eng., King Saud Univ., Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
pp. 1157
Session 3.4-D: Storage and Retrieval

Automatic indexing and content-based retrieval of captioned photographs (Abstract)

R.K. Srihari , Center of Excellence for Document Anal. & Recognition, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
pp. 1165

TheSys-a comprehensive thesaurus system for intelligent document analysis and text retrieval (Abstract)

Chin Lu , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
K.H. Lee , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
H.Y. Chen , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
pp. 1169

Iconic paper (Abstract)

M. Peairs , Res. Center, Ricoh, CA, USA
pp. 1174

Hyperdocument generation using OCR and icon detection (Abstract)

R. van den Boomgaard , Fac. of Math. & Comput. Sci., Amsterdam Univ., Netherlands
A.W.M. Smeulders , Fac. of Math. & Comput. Sci., Amsterdam Univ., Netherlands
M. Worring , Fac. of Math. & Comput. Sci., Amsterdam Univ., Netherlands
pp. 1180

Evaluation of an interactive tool for handwritten form description (Abstract)

G. Leedham , Sch. of Appl. Sci., Nanyang Technol. Inst., Singapore
D. Monger , Sch. of Appl. Sci., Nanyang Technol. Inst., Singapore
pp. 1185
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