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2017 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) (2017)
Venice, Italy
Oct. 22, 2017 to Oct. 29, 2017
ISSN: 2380-7504
ISBN: 978-1-5386-1032-9
pp: 2506-2515
ABSTRACT
To bridge the gap between humans and machines in image understanding and describing, we need further insight into how people describe a perceived scene. In this paper, we study the agreement between bottom-up saliency-based visual attention and object referrals in scene description constructs. We investigate the properties of human-written descriptions and machine-generated ones. We then propose a saliency-boosted image captioning model in order to investigate benefits from low-level cues in language models. We learn that (1) humans mention more salient objects earlier than less salient ones in their descriptions, (2) the better a captioning model performs, the better attention agreement it has with human descriptions, (3) the proposed saliency-boosted model, compared to its baseline form, does not improve significantly on the MS COCO database, indicating explicit bottom-up boosting does not help when the task is well learnt and tuned on a data, (4) a better generalization is, however, observed for the saliency-boosted model on unseen data.
INDEX TERMS
feature extraction, image processing
CITATION

H. R. Tavakoliy, R. Shetty, A. Borji and J. Laaksonen, "Paying Attention to Descriptions Generated by Image Captioning Models," 2017 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), Venice, Italy, 2018, pp. 2506-2515.
doi:10.1109/ICCV.2017.272
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