Computer Vision, IEEE International Conference on (2001)
Vancouver, B.C., Canada
July 7, 2001 to July 14, 2001
Ahmed M. Elgammal , University of Maryland
Larry S. Davis , University of Maryland
In this paper we address the problem of segmenting foreground regions corresponding to a group of people given models of their appearance that were initialized before occlusion. We present a general framework that uses maximum likelihood estimation to estimate the best arrangement for people in terms of 2D translation that yields a segmentation for the foreground region. Given the segmentation result we conduct occlusion reasoning to recover relative depth information and we show how to utilize this depth information in the same segmentation framework. We also present a more practical solution for the segmentation problem that is online to avoid searching an exponential space of hypothesis. The person model is based on segmenting the body into regions in order to spatially localize the color features corresponding to the way people are dressed. Modeling these regions involves modeling their appearance (color distributions) as well as their spatial distribution with respect to the body. We use a non-parametric approach based on kernel density estimation to represent the color distribution of each region and therefore we do not restrict the clothing to be of uniform color. Instead, it can be any mixture of colors and/or patterns. We also present a method to automatically initialize these models and learn them before the occlusion.
L. S. Davis and A. M. Elgammal, "Probabilistic Framework for Segmenting People Under Occlusion," Computer Vision, IEEE International Conference on(ICCV), Vancouver, B.C., Canada, 2001, pp. 145.