Computers in Education, International Conference on (2002)
Auckland, New Zealand
Dec. 3, 2002 to Dec. 6, 2002
Jan L. Plass , New York University
Bruce D. Homer , New York University
Two experiments are presented that examined the role of individual differences on cognitive load in multimedia learning. In Experiment 1, 103 students using a German multimedia software were allowed to look up visual and verbal annotations for unknown words. In Experiment 2, 152 students were assigned to one of four treatments in which they could use either verbal or visual annotations, both, or none. Providing a choice of annotation type resulted in increased learning, while assigning an annotation type led to higher cognitive load, resulting in reduced learning for low-ability learners. Results are in line with a Generative Theory of Multimedia Learning  and Cognitive Load Theory , and have implications for the design of Web-based and multimedia learning environments.
J. L. Plass and B. D. Homer, "Cognitive Load in Multimedia Learning: The Role of Learner Preferences and Abilities," Computers in Education, International Conference on(ICCE), Auckland, New Zealand, 2002, pp. 564.