The Community for Technology Leaders
Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on (1992)
San Francisco, CA, USA
Mar. 23, 1992 to Mar. 26, 1992
ISBN: 0-7803-0532-9
TABLE OF CONTENTS

On separating amplitude from frequency modulations using energy operators (Abstract)

P. Maragos , Div. of Appl. Sci., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 1-4

Quadratic detectors for general nonlinear analysis of speech (Abstract)

J. Fang , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
L. Atlas , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 9-12

Evaluation of a glottal ARMA model of speech production (Abstract)

A.P. Lobo , Dept. of Commun. & Neurosci., Keele Univ., UK
W.A. Ainsworth , Dept. of Commun. & Neurosci., Keele Univ., UK
pp. 13-16

DP-based determination of F/sub 0/ contours from speech signals (Abstract)

R. Kompe , Erlangen-Nurnberg Univ., Germany
A. Kiessling , Erlangen-Nurnberg Univ., Germany
H. Niemann , Erlangen-Nurnberg Univ., Germany
E. Noth , Erlangen-Nurnberg Univ., Germany
pp. 17-20

HMM-based noisy-speech pitch contour estimation (Abstract)

Y.H. Gu , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Eindhoven Univ. of Technol., Netherlands
pp. 21-24

Improvements to and applications of analysis of stressed speech using glottal waveforms (Abstract)

M.A. Clements , Sch. of Electr. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA
K.E. Cummings , Sch. of Electr. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA
pp. 25-28

An automatic method to estimate the time-based parameters of the glottal pulseform (Abstract)

P. Alku , Acoustics Lab., Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
pp. 29-32

Optimization of acoustic-to-articulatory mapping (Abstract)

E.H. Shiva , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Florida Univ., FL, USA
D.G. Childers , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Florida Univ., FL, USA
P.P.L. Prado , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Florida Univ., FL, USA
pp. 33-36

A new method for determining the vocal tract transfer function and its excitation from voiced speech (Abstract)

M.M. Thomson , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Auckland Univ., New Zealand
pp. 37-40

Implementation of waveform files for synthesis-by-rule (Abstract)

T. Hayashi , NTT DATA Communication Systems Corp., Kanagawa, Japan
K. Murakami , NTT DATA Communication Systems Corp., Kanagawa, Japan
pp. 41-44

A first study on neural net based generation of prosodic and spectral information for Mandarin text-to-speech (Abstract)

Chun-Yu Tsai , Dept. of Commun. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan
Sin-Horng Chen , Dept. of Commun. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan
Shaw-Hwa Hwang , Dept. of Commun. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan
pp. 45-48

Optimization of intonation control using statistical F/sub 0/ resetting characteristics (Abstract)

N. Kaiki , ATR Interpreting Technology Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
Y. Sagisaka , ATR Interpreting Technology Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
pp. 49-52

Two-stage F/sub 0/ control model using syllable based F/sub 0/ units (Abstract)

H. Sato , NTT Human Interface Labs., Tokyo, Japan
M. Abe , NTT Human Interface Labs., Tokyo, Japan
pp. 53-56

An articulatory speech synthesizer based on a frequency-domain simulation of the vocal tract (Abstract)

G. Fant , Dept. of Speech Commun. & Music Acoust., R. Inst. of Technol., Stockholm, Sweden
Q. Lin , Dept. of Speech Commun. & Music Acoust., R. Inst. of Technol., Stockholm, Sweden
pp. 57-60

Inference of letter-phoneme correspondences by delimiting and dynamic time warping techniques (Abstract)

R.I. Damper , Dept. of Electron. & Comput. Sci., Southampton Univ., UK
R.W.P. Luk , Dept. of Electron. & Comput. Sci., Southampton Univ., UK
pp. 61-64

Concatenative speech synthesis by minimum distortion criteria (Abstract)

N. Iwahashi , ATR Interpreting Telephony Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
Y. Sagisaka , ATR Interpreting Telephony Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
N. Kaiki , ATR Interpreting Telephony Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
pp. 65-68

SOCS: A speech output system from concept representation (Abstract)

R. Mizoguchi , Inst. of Sci. & Ind. Res., Osaka Univ., Japan
Y. Yamashita , Inst. of Sci. & Ind. Res., Osaka Univ., Japan
pp. 69-72

A rule-based text-to-speech system for Portuguese (Abstract)

I.M. Trancoso , ATR Interpreting Telephony Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
L.C. Oliviera , INESC, Lisbon, Portugal
M.C. Viana , Inst. of Sci. & Ind. Res., Osaka Univ., Japan
pp. 73-76

A hybrid neural network, dynamic programming word spotter (Abstract)

A.H. Waibel , Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
T. Zeppenfeld , Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 77-80

A whole word recurrent neural network for keyword spotting (Abstract)

J.A. Naylor , ITT A/CD, San Diego, CA, USA
K.P. Li , ITT A/CD, San Diego, CA, USA
M.L. Rossen , ATR Interpreting Telephony Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
pp. 81-84

Keyword-spotting in noisy continuous speech using word pattern vector subabstraction and noise immunity learning (Abstract)

H. Kanazawa , Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan
Y. Takebayashi , Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan
H. Tsuboi , Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki, Japan
pp. 85-88

A novel algorithm for HMM word spotting performance evaluation and error analysis (Abstract)

J.N. Marcus , Lab. for Comput. Sci., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 89-92

Rejection and keyword spotting algorithms for a directory assistance city name recognition application (Abstract)

B. Chigier , Artificial Intelligence Lab., NYNEX Sci. & Technol., White Plains, NY, USA
pp. 93-96

Training and search algorithms for an interactive wordspotting system (Abstract)

M.A. Bush , Xerox Palo Alto Res. Center, CA, USA
L.D. Wilcox , Xerox Palo Alto Res. Center, CA, USA
pp. 97-100

Techniques for task independent word spotting in continuous speech messages (Abstract)

R.C. Rose , MIT Lincoln Lab., Lexington, MA, USA
E.M. Hofstetter , MIT Lincoln Lab., Lexington, MA, USA
pp. 101-104

Robust mapping of noisy speech parameters for HMM word spotting (Abstract)

K. Ng , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
H. Gish , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
J.R. Rohlicek , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 109-112

Gisting conversational speech (Abstract)

M. Siu , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
H. Gish , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
M. Meteer , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
P. Jeanrenaud , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
A. Boulanger , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
R. Bobrow , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
D. Ayuso , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
J.R. Rohlicek , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
M. Bates , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 113-116

Performance evaluation of analysis-by-synthesis homomorphic vocoders (Abstract)

R.W. Schafer , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
J.H. Chung , AT&T Bell Labs., Naperville, IL, USA
pp. 117-120

Improving the speech quality of cellular mobile systems under heavy fading (Abstract)

H.Y. Su , BNR, Verdun, Que., Canada
P. Mermelstein , BNR, Verdun, Que., Canada
pp. 121-124

Study of voice packet reconstruction methods applied to CELP speech coding (Abstract)

M. Yong , Motorola Codex, Mansfield, MA, USA
pp. 125-128

Comparative study of error correction coding schemes for the GSM half-rate channel (Abstract)

K.B. Mikkelsen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
J.A. Sorensen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
Y. Wu , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
H. Nielsen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
K.J. Larsen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
H.B. Hansen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
pp. 129-132

Finite-state vector quantization over noisy channels and its application to LSP parameters (Abstract)

N. Farvardin , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
Y. Hussain , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
pp. 133-136

Improving the performance of a mixed excitation LPC vocoder in acoustic noise (Abstract)

A.V. McCree , Sch. of Electr. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA
A.V. McCree , Sch. of Electr. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA
pp. 137-140

A robust 2400 bit/s MBE-LPC speech coder incorporating joint source and channel coding (Abstract)

D. Rowe , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Wollongong Univ., NSW, Australia
P. Secker , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Wollongong Univ., NSW, Australia
pp. 141-144

Improvements in 2.4 kbps high-quality speech coding (Abstract)

H. Nielsen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
J. Haagen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
S.D. Hansen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
pp. 145-148

Voice transmission at a very low bit rate on a noisy channel: 800 bps vocoder with error protection to 1200 bps (Abstract)

P.E. de la Noue , Thomson-CSF, Gennevilliers, France
B.M. Mouy , Thomson-CSF, Gennevilliers, France
pp. 149-152

Text-independent speaker recognition using neural networks (Abstract)

H. Hattori , ATR Interpreting Telephony Res. Lab., Kyoto, Japan
pp. 153-156

Comparison of text-independent speaker recognition methods using VQ-distortion and discrete/continuous HMMs (Abstract)

S. Furui , NTT Human Interface Lab., Tokyo, Japan
T. Matsui , NTT Human Interface Lab., Tokyo, Japan
pp. 157-160

Continuous probabilistic acoustic map for speaker identification (Abstract)

A.E. Rosenberg , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
B.L. Tseng , MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
F.K. Soong , NTT Human Interface Lab., Tokyo, Japan
pp. 161-164

Phoneme based speaker verification (Abstract)

M. Savic , Dept. of Electr., Comput. & Syst. Eng., Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA
J. Sorensen , Dept. of Electr., Comput. & Syst. Eng., Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA
pp. 165-168

Augmented phonetic map for voice verification (Abstract)

H.M. Chang , NYNEX Science & Technology Inc., White Plains, NY, USA
pp. 169-172

Nonlinear vectorial interpolation for speaker recognition (Abstract)

Y. Gong , CRIN/CRNS, INRIA, Vandoeuvre, France
J.-P. Haton , CRIN/CRNS, INRIA, Vandoeuvre, France
pp. 173-176

Free-text speaker identification over long distance telephone channel using hypothesized phonetic segmentation (Abstract)

J.S. Baras , Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
P.K. Rajasekaran , Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
Y.-H. Kao , Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
pp. 177-180

Speaker verification using temporal decorrelation post-processing (Abstract)

L.P. Netsch , Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
G.R. Doddington , Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
pp. 181-184

An integrated speech-background model for robust speaker identification (Abstract)

D.A. Reynolds , MIT Lincoln Lab., Lexington, MA, USA
R.C. Rose , MIT Lincoln Lab., Lexington, MA, USA
pp. 185-188

An unsupervised, sequential learning algorithm for the segmentation of speech waveforms with multiple speakers (Abstract)

G. Yu , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
M.-H. Siu , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
H. Gish , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 189-192

A low cost adaptive transform decoder implementation for high-quality audio (Abstract)

W. Anderson , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
G. Davidson , Dolby Labs. Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA
A. Lovrich , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 193-196

Subband coding of high-fidelity quality audio signals at 128 kbps (Abstract)

Soo-Ngee Koh , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
Ah-Peng Tan , Asia Matsushita Electric S Pte Ltd., Singapore
Do-Hui Teh , Asia Matsushita Electric S Pte Ltd., Singapore
pp. 197-200

High-fidelity audio compression: fractional-band wavelets (Abstract)

T. Shamoon , Sch. of Electr. Eng., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA
C. Heegard , Sch. of Electr. Eng., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA
pp. 201-203

Matrixing of bit rate reduced audio signals (Abstract)

K.E. Christensen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
P.M. Boers , Philips Res. Lab., Eindhoven, Netherlands
E. Sorensen , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
J. Kuusama , Telecommun. Res. Lab., Horsholm, Denmark
A. Makivirta , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
W.R.T. ten Kate , Philips Res. Lab., Eindhoven, Netherlands
pp. 205-208

Two-tone vs. random process inputs for nonlinear distortion estimation (Abstract)

E.J. Powers , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA
Y.S. Cho , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA
pp. 209-212

Modeling of a room transfer function using common acoustical poles (Abstract)

Y. Kaneda , NTT Human Interface Labs., Tokyo, Japan
S. Makino , NTT Human Interface Labs., Tokyo, Japan
Y. Haneda , NTT Human Interface Labs., Tokyo, Japan
pp. 213-216

Equalizability of room acoustics (Abstract)

A.S. Munshi , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Toronto Unv., Ont., Canada
pp. 217-220

An analysis/synthesis approach to real-time artificial reverberation (Abstract)

J.-M. Jot , Studer Digetec SA, Chatou, France
pp. 221-224

Programmable audiogram matching using a frequency sampling filter implemented on the Texas TMS 320C30 (Abstract)

N.D. Black , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ulster Univ., Jordanstown, UK
N. Waterman , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ulster Univ., Jordanstown, UK
M. Powderly , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ulster Univ., Jordanstown, UK
M. Lydon , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ulster Univ., Jordanstown, UK
pp. 225-228

Adaptive feedforward multiple-input, multiple-output active noise control (Abstract)

D.E. Melton , Nelson Industries Inc., Stoughton, WI, USA
R.A. Greiner , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ulster Univ., Jordanstown, UK
pp. 229-232

A broadband pseudo-cascade active control system (Abstract)

D.R. Morgan , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ulster Univ., Jordanstown, UK
J. Thi , AT&T Bell Labs., Arlington, VA, USA
pp. 233-236

Adaptive algorithms for underdetermined active control problems (Abstract)

S.J. Elliott , Inst. of Sound & Vibration Res., Southampton Univ., UK
J. Rex , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ulster Univ., Jordanstown, UK
pp. 237-240

Transformations of speech spectra to a two-dimensional continuous-valued phonetic feature space for vowel training (Abstract)

A.A. Beck , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA, USA
S.A. Zahorian , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA, USA
pp. 241-244

Realization of cochlear filters by VLT switched capacitor biquads (Abstract)

W.-H. Ki , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA, USA
S. Shamma , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ulster Univ., Jordanstown, UK
J. Lin , Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA
K. Thompson , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Ulster Univ., Jordanstown, UK
pp. 245-248

A real-time DSP implementation of a flute model (Abstract)

V. Valimaki , Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
U.K. Laine , Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
M. Karjalainen , Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
Z. Janosy , Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
pp. 249-252

ARMA filter design for music analysis/synthesis (Abstract)

D. Massie , Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
V.L. Stonick , Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 253-256

Sound restoration in damaged acoustical recording (Abstract)

A. Ingle , Dept. of Electron. & Telecommun., Gov. Coll. of Eng., Pune, India
K.S. Jog , Dept. of Electron. & Telecommun., Gov. Coll. of Eng., Pune, India
pp. 257-260

A Bayesian approach to the detection and correction of error bursts in audio signals (Abstract)

S.J. Godsill , Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
P.J.W. Rayner , Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
pp. 261-264

Analyses of the genetic algorithms in the continuous space (Abstract)

F. Palmieri , Dept. of Electr. & Syst. Eng., Connecticut Univ., Storrs, CT, USA
X. Qi , Dept. of Electr. & Syst. Eng., Connecticut Univ., Storrs, CT, USA
pp. 265-268

Models of dynamic complexity for time-series prediction (neural networks) (Abstract)

M. Niranjan , Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
F. Fallside , Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
V. Kadirkamanathan , Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
pp. 269-272

Generalization and learning in Volterra and radial basis function networks: a theoretical analysis (Abstract)

S.B. Holden , Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
P.J.W. Rayner , Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
pp. 273-276

Extending information sent to the input of a neural network (Abstract)

Y. Autret , Univ. de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France
B. Solaiman , Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
pp. 277-280

Relations between fault tolerance and internal representations for multi-layer perceptrons (Abstract)

R.I. Damper , Dept. of Electron. & Comput. Sci., Southampton Univ., UK
M.D. Emmerson , Dept. of Electron. & Comput. Sci., Southampton Univ., UK
pp. 281-284

Learning the time-delay characteristics in a neural network (Abstract)

P.W. Rander , General Motors Research Labs., Warren, MI, USA
K.P. Unnikrishnan , General Motors Research Labs., Warren, MI, USA
pp. 285-288

A minimum classification error, maximum likelihood, neural network (Abstract)

H. Gish , BBN Systems & Technologies, Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 289-292

Adaptive distributed orthogonalization processing for principal components analysis (Abstract)

R.-W. Liu , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Notre Dame Univ., IN, USA
H. Chen , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Notre Dame Univ., IN, USA
pp. 293-296

An adaptive approach for optimal data reduction using recursive least squares learning method (Abstract)

M.R. Azimi-Sadjadi , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO, USA
S. Bannour , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO, USA
pp. 297-300

Adaptive equalization with neural networks: new multi-layer perceptron structures and their evaluation (Abstract)

M. Peng , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA, USA
J.G. Proakis , Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
C.L. Nikias , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO, USA
pp. 301-304

Complex neuron model with its applications to M-QAM data communications in the presence of co-channel interferences (Abstract)

Guangguo Bi , Dept. of Radio Eng., Southeast Univ., Nanjing, China
Zengjun Xiang , Dept. of Radio Eng., Southeast Univ., Nanjing, China
pp. 305-308vol.2

ROC performance evaluation of multilayer perceptrons in the detection of one of M orthogonal signals (Abstract)

Z. Michalopoulou , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA
D. Alexandrou , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA
L. Nolte , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA
pp. 309-312

A neural network for direction finding in array processing (Abstract)

J.P. Reilly , Commun. Res. Lab., McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ont., Canada
Q. Wu , Commun. Res. Lab., McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ont., Canada
J. Yang , Commun. Res. Lab., McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ont., Canada
pp. 313-316

High resolution adaptive bearing estimation using a complex-weighted neural network (Abstract)

Yupeng Chen , Inst. of Acoust., Academia Sinica, Beijing, China
Chaohuan Hou , Inst. of Acoust., Academia Sinica, Beijing, China
pp. 317-320

Super directive sensor array with neural network structure (Abstract)

H. Kobatake , Fac. of Technol., Tokyo Univ. of Agric. & Technol., Japan
Y. Yano , Commun. Res. Lab., McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ont., Canada
W. Morita , Fac. of Technol., Tokyo Univ. of Agric. & Technol., Japan
pp. 321-324

Bootstrap: a fast blind adaptive signal separator (Abstract)

Y. Bar-Ness , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., New Jersey Inst. of Technol., Newark, NJ, USA
A. Dinc , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., New Jersey Inst. of Technol., Newark, NJ, USA
pp. 325-328

A family of quantization based piecewise linear filter networks (Abstract)

J.A. Sorensen , Electron. Inst., Tech. Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
pp. 329-332

Artificial neural network based stability testing of two-dimensional infinite impulse response digital filters (Abstract)

S.M. Aghili , Dept. of Electr. Eng., McNeese State Univ., Lake Charles, LA, USA
D.R. Marpaka , Commun. Res. Lab., McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ont., Canada
M.H. Thursby , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., New Jersey Inst. of Technol., Newark, NJ, USA
pp. 333-336

Phoneme recognition using an auditory model and a recurrent self-organizing neural network (Abstract)

T.R. Anderson , Armstrong Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, USA
pp. 337-340

Using SOMs as feature extractors for speech recognition (Abstract)

K. Torkkola , Lab. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
M. Kokkonen , Lab. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
J. Kangas , Lab. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
pp. 341-344

A neural tree network for phoneme classification with experiments on the TIMIT database (Abstract)

M.G. Rahim , CAIP Center, Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ, USA
pp. 345-348

CDNN: a context dependent neural network for continuous speech recognition (Abstract)

S. Renals , Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
C. Wooters , Lab. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
H. Bourlard , L&H Speech Products, Ieper, Belgium
N. Morgan , Lab. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Espoo, Finland
pp. 349-352

Self-structuring hidden control neural model for speech recognition (Abstract)

U. Hartmann , Inst. of Electron. Syst., Aalborg Univ., Denmark
H.B.D. Sorensen , Inst. of Electron. Syst., Aalborg Univ., Denmark
pp. 353-356

Back-propagation training of a neural network for word spotting (Abstract)

L.C. Boggess , Inst. of Electron. Syst., Aalborg Univ., Denmark
T.M. English , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX, USA
pp. 357-360

A new connectionist architecture for word spotting (Abstract)

M.A. Franzini , Telefonica Investigacion y Desarrollo, Madrid, Spain
pp. 361-364

A hybrid neural system for driving a parallel synthesiser so as to synthesise high quality accented speech (Abstract)

K.M. Curtis , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nottingham Univ., UK
J. Burinston , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nottingham Univ., UK
pp. 369-372

Nonlinear neural network filters for image processing (Abstract)

M.T. Manry , Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nottingham Univ., UK
K. Rohani , Motorola Inc., Ft. Worth, TX, USA
pp. 373-376

Image compression using an outer product neural network (Abstract)

E.C. Real , Lockheed Sanders Inc., Nashua, NH, USA
L.E. Russo , Lockheed Sanders Inc., Nashua, NH, USA
pp. 377-380

Adaptive image coding using multilayer neural networks (Abstract)

S. Fioravanti , Dept. of Biophys. & Electron. & Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
D.D. Giusto , Dept. of Biophys. & Electron. & Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
F. Arduini , Dept. of Biophys. & Electron. & Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
pp. 381-384

Adaptive vector quantizer for image compression using self-organization approach (Abstract)

W.-C. Fang , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
B.J. Sheu , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
O.T.-C. Chen , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
pp. 385-388

Neural network approach for adaptive vector quantization (Abstract)

S. Tubaro , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
R. Lancini , CEFRIEL, Milano, Italy
F. Perego , CEFRIEL, Milano, Italy
pp. 389-392

Anisotropic edge detection using mean field annealing (Abstract)

S.T. Acton , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA
A.C. Bovik , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA
pp. 393-396

A translation/rotation/scaling/occlusion invariant neural network for 2D/3D object classification (Abstract)

J.-N. Hwang , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
H. Li , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA
pp. 397-400

A technique for defining the architecture and weights of a neural image classifier (Abstract)

S.B. Serpico , Dept. of Biophys. & Electron. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
G. Vernazza , Dept. of Biophys. & Electron. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
F. Roli , Dept. of Biophys. & Electron. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
R. Re , Dept. of Biophys. & Electron. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
pp. 401-404

Visual pattern recognition using morphological methods (Abstract)

I.N.M. Papadakis , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
J.G. Reisman , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
S.C.A. Thomopoulos , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
pp. 405-408

Image restoration using neural networks (Abstract)

M. Teles de Figueiredo , Dept. de Engenharia Electrotecnica e de Computadores, Inst. Superior Tecnico, Lisboa, Portugal
J.M.N. Leitao , Dept. de Engenharia Electrotecnica e de Computadores, Inst. Superior Tecnico, Lisboa, Portugal
pp. 409-412

Implantation of a high-resolution method in a sonar system (Abstract)

M. Di Martino , Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Detection Sous-Marine, Six-Fours-Les-Plages, France
M. Bouvet , Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Detection Sous-Marine, Six-Fours-Les-Plages, France
pp. 413-416

Adaptive beamforming with the multichannel least squares lattice using beam-space constraints (Abstract)

D. DeFatta , Dept. of Biophys. & Electron. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
M. Wazenski , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA
D. Alexandrou , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA
B. Breed , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
pp. 417-420

An instrumental variable approach to array processing in spatially correlated noise fields (Abstract)

B. Ottersten , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA
M. Viberg , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
P. Stoica , Dept. of Control & Comput., Polytech. Inst. of Bucharest, Romania
pp. 421-424

An ML algorithm for outliers detection and source localization (Abstract)

J.M.F. Moura , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA
V.A.N. Barroso , Dept. of Eng. Electr. e de Comp., Inst. Superior Tecnico, Lisboa, Portugal
pp. 425-428

Aperture extension for a towed array using an acoustic synthetic aperture or a linear prediction method (Abstract)

N.T. Allcott , Defence Research Establishment Atlantic, Dartmouth, NS, Canada
S. Stergiopoulos , Defence Research Establishment Atlantic, Dartmouth, NS, Canada
pp. 433-436

Robust source localization based on local array response modeling (Abstract)

M. Viberg , Telecom Paris, France
B. Wahlberg , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
B. Ottersten , Dept. of Autom. Control, R. Inst. of Technol., Stockholm, Sweden
pp. 441-444

On the optimization of spatio-temporal analysis for source motion estimation (Abstract)

O. Zugmeyer , IRISA, Rennes, France
J.P. Le Cadre , IRISA, Rennes, France
pp. 445-448

Data association and tracking using hidden Markov models and dynamic programming (Abstract)

P. Forster , Thomson Sintra Activities-Sous-Marines, Arcueil, France
F. Martinerie , Thomson Sintra Activities-Sous-Marines, Arcueil, France
pp. 449-452

Further results on tradeoffs between detection and estimation (Abstract)

A.O. Hero , Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA
B. Baygun , Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA
pp. 453-456

Signal to noise ratio improvement by likelihood ratio techniques under model and environmental mismatch (Abstract)

I.M.G. Lourtie , CAPS, Inst. Superior Tecnico, Lisboa, Portugal
S. Basu , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA
G.C. Carter , Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA
pp. 457-460

A generalized normalization technique for signal detection in nonstationary correlated noise (Abstract)

Q.T. Zhang , Commun. Res. Lab., McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ont., Canada
H.S. Miao , Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA
pp. 465-468

Pre-whitening for detection in correlated plus impulsive noise (Abstract)

A.J. Efron , Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL, USA
H. Jeen , Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA
pp. 469-472

Performance analysis of a class of transient detection algorithms (Abstract)

B. Porat , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Technion-Israel Inst. of Technol., Haifa, Israel
B. Friedlander , Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA
pp. 473-476

Detection of transients using discrete wavelet transform (Abstract)

A.P. Petropulu , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA, USA
pp. 477-480

Classification of whale and ice sounds with a cochlear model (Abstract)

B.A. Weisburn , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA
T.W. Parks , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA
pp. 481-484

Interpretation of underwater scene data acquired by a 3-D acoustic camera (Abstract)

S. Fioravanti , Dept. of Biophys. & Electr. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
G. Vernazza , Dept. of Biophys. & Electr. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
D.D. Giusto , Dept. of Biophys. & Electr. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
F.G.B. De Natale , Dept. of Biophys. & Electr. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
pp. 485-488

Maximum likelihood localization of wideband sources (Abstract)

A.J. Weiss , Dept. of Electron. Syst., Tel-Aviv Univ., Ramat-Aviv, Israel
M.A. Doron , Dept. of Electron. Syst., Tel-Aviv Univ., Ramat-Aviv, Israel
pp. 489-492

Focusing matrices for wideband array processing with no a priori angle estimates (Abstract)

A.H. Tewfik , Dept. of Electron. Syst., Tel-Aviv Univ., Ramat-Aviv, Israel
W. Hong , Dept. of Electron. Eng., Naval Aad., Kyoungham, South Korea
pp. 493-496

Coherent wideband array processing (Abstract)

E. Doron , Dept. of Nucl. Phys., Weizmann Inst. of Sci., Rehovot, Israel
M.A. Doron , Dept. of Electron. Syst., Tel-Aviv Univ., Ramat-Aviv, Israel
pp. 497-500

The application of Laguerre partial series expansions for broadband array processing (Abstract)

G.H. Niezgoda , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Concordia Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada
J. Krolik , Dept. of Electron. Syst., Tel-Aviv Univ., Ramat-Aviv, Israel
pp. 501-504

Invariance of the generalized coherence estimate with respect to reference channel statistics (Abstract)

D. Sinno , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, USA
D. Cochran , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, USA
pp. 505-508

Ambiguity structure of multipath channels (Abstract)

M.J.D. Rendas , CAPS, Inst. Superior Tecnico, Lisboa, Portugal
J.M.F. Moura , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, USA
pp. 509-512

Cramer Rao bounds on direction estimates for closely spaced emitters in multi-dimensional applications (Abstract)

H. Lee , Atlantic Aerospace Electronics Corp., Waltham, MA, USA
J. Jachner , Atlantic Aerospace Electronics Corp., Waltham, MA, USA
pp. 513-516

Ultimate array accuracy and resolution in the presence of near-field emitters (Abstract)

A. Manikas , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Imperial Coll. of Sci., Technol. & Med., London, UK
H.R. Karimi , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Imperial Coll. of Sci., Technol. & Med., London, UK
pp. 517-520

Bias analysis of source location estimates from eigenspace-based spatial-spectrum estimators (Abstract)

X.-L. Xu , Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN, USA
K. Buckley , Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN, USA
pp. 521-524

Localization and CRLB validity with Doppler and bearing measurements (Abstract)

Y.T. Chan , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., R. Mil. Coll. of Canada, Kingston, Ont., Canada
J.J. Towers , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., R. Mil. Coll. of Canada, Kingston, Ont., Canada
pp. 525-528

Recursive 'ML' bearing estimation: initialization and sources number update (Abstract)

P. Larzabal , THOMSON-CSF, Gennevilliers, France
H. Clergeot , Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., R. Mil. Coll. of Canada, Kingston, Ont., Canada
pp. 529-532

Optimal bearing and bearing rate estimator using an ambiguity surface (Abstract)

D.N. Nitka , IBM Corp., Manassas, VA, USA
D.E. Ohlms , IBM Corp., Manassas, VA, USA
pp. 533-536

Performance analysis for DOA estimation algorithms using physical parameters (Abstract)

R.J. Vaccaro , Dept. of Biophys. & Electr. Eng., Genoa Univ., Italy
H. Liu , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Portland State Univ., OR, USA
F. Li , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Portland State Univ., OR, USA
pp. 537-540

A new fine-frequency estimation algorithm based on parabolic regression (Abstract)

C.M. McIntyre , Defence Res. Establ. Atlantic, Dartmouth, NS, Canada
D.A. Dermott , Defence Res. Establ. Atlantic, Dartmouth, NS, Canada
pp. 541-544

New results of the twin processor method of measurement of the channel and/or scattering functions (Abstract)

S.K. Mehta , US Naval Underwater Syst. Center, New London, CT, USA
E.L. Titlebaum , Defence Res. Establ. Atlantic, Dartmouth, NS, Canada
pp. 545-548

Time-delay estimation for deterministic transient signals in a multipath environment (Abstract)

T. Manickam , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Rhode Island Univ., Kingston, RI, USA
R.J. Vaccaro , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Rhode Island Univ., Kingston, RI, USA
pp. 549-552

Resolving the components of transient signals by a multistage procedure (Abstract)

D.W. Tufts , Dept of Electr. Eng., Rhode Island Univ., Kingston, RI, USA
S. Umesh , Dept of Electr. Eng., Rhode Island Univ., Kingston, RI, USA
pp. 553-556

Multiple parameter estimation of composite signals in uncharacterized impulsive noise (Abstract)

N. Fliege , Tech. Univ. of Hamburg, Germany
A. Mertins , Tech. Univ. of Hamburg, Germany
pp. 557-560

An image processing approach to frequency tracking (application to sonar data) (Abstract)

H.J. Lee , Tetra Systems Inc., Palo Alto., CA, USA
A.P. Lowell , Tetra Systems Inc., Palo Alto., CA, USA
J.S. Abel , Tetra Systems Inc., Palo Alto., CA, USA
pp. 561-564

Relation of SNR thresholds for time delay estimation to available prior information (Abstract)

A. Zeira , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USA
P.M. Schultheiss , Dept. of Electr. Eng., Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USA
pp. 565-568

Sum-difference stereo transform coding (Abstract)

J.D. Johnston , AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
A.J. Ferreira , AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
pp. 569-572
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