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Autonomic Computing, International Conference on (2005)
Seattle, Washington
June 13, 2005 to June 16, 2005
ISBN: 0-7965-2276-9
pp: 172-182
Magnus Karlsson , HP Labs
Michele Covell , HP Labs
Methods for automatically managing the performance of computing services must estimate a performance model of that service. This paper explores properties that are necessary for performance model estimation of black-box computer systems when used together with adaptive feedback loops. It shows that the standard method of least-squares estimation often gives rise to models that make the control loop perform the opposite action of what is desired. This produces large oscillations and bad tracking performance. The paper evaluates what combination of input and output data provides models with the best properties for the control loop. Plus, it proposes three extensions to the controller that makes it perform well, even when the model estimated would have degraded performance. Our proposed techniques are evaluated with an adaptive controller that provides latency targets for workloads on black-box computer services under a variety of conditions. The techniques are evaluated on two systems: a three-tier ecommerce site and a web server. Experimental results show that our best estimation approach improves the ability of the controller to meet the latency goals significantly. Previously oscillating workload latencies are with our techniques smooth around the latency targets.

M. Covell and M. Karlsson, "Dynamic Black-Box Performance Model Estimation for Self-Tuning Regulators," Autonomic Computing, International Conference on(ICAC), Seattle, Washington, 2005, pp. 172-182.
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