2013 IEEE 19th International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA) (2001)
Nuevo Leone, Mexico
Jan. 20, 2001 to Jan. 24, 2001
Mithuna Thottethodi , Duke University
Alvin R. Lebeck , Duke University
Shubhendu S. Mukherjee , Compaq Computer Corporation
Abstract: Network performance in tightly-coupled multiprocessors typically degrades rapidly beyond network saturation. Consequently,designers must keep a network below its saturation point by reducing the load on the network. Congestion control via source throttling ? a common technique to reduce the network load ? prevents new packets from entering the network in the presence of congestion. Unfortunately, prior schemes to implement source throttling either lack vital global information about the network to make the correct decision (whether to throttle or not)or depend on specific network parameters, network topology, or communication patterns. This paper presents a global-knowledge-based, self-tuned, congestion control technique that prevents saturation at high loads across different network configurations and communication patterns. Our design is composed of two key components. First, we use global information about a network to obtain a timely estimate of network congestion. We compare this estimate to a threshold value to determine when to throttle packet injection. The second component is a self-tuning mechanism that automatically determines appropriate threshold values based on throughput feedback. A combination of these two techniques provides high performance under heavy load, does not penalize performance under light load, and gracefully adapts to changes in communication patterns.
Mithuna Thottethodi, Alvin R. Lebeck, Shubhendu S. Mukherjee, "Self-Tuned Congestion Control for Multiprocessor Networks", 2013 IEEE 19th International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA), vol. 00, no. , pp. 0107, 2001, doi:10.1109/HPCA.2001.903256