20th Annual International Conference on High Performance Computing (2011)
Dec. 18, 2011 to Dec. 21, 2011
Johanne Cohen , PRiSM, Université de Versailles St-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Versailles, France
Daniel Cordeiro , LIG, Grenoble University, Montbonnot Saint-Martin, France
Denis Trystram , Grenoble Technical University, Montbonnot Saint-Martin, France
Frederic Wagner , Grenoble Technical University, Montbonnot Saint-Martin, France
We conduct a game theoretic analysis on the problem of scheduling jobs on computing platforms composed of several independent and selfish organizations, known as the Multi-Organization Scheduling Problem (MOSP). Each organization shares resources and jobs with others, expecting to decrease the makespan of its own jobs. We modeled MOSP as a non-cooperative game where each agent is responsible for assigning all jobs belonging to a particular organization to the available processors. The local scheduling of these jobs is defined by coordination mechanisms that first prioritize local jobs and then schedule the jobs from others according to some given priority. When different priorities are given individually to the jobs -- like in classical scheduling algorithms such as LPT or SPT -- then no pure e-approximate equilibrium is possible for values of e less than 2. We also prove that even deciding whether a given instance admits or not a pure Nash equilibrium is co-NP hard. When these priorities are given to entire organizations, we show the existence of an algorithm that always computes a pure p-approximate equilibrium using any p-approximation list scheduling algorithm. Finally, we prove that the price of anarchy of the MOSP game using this mechanism is asymptotically bounded by 2.
J. Cohen, F. Wagner, D. Cordeiro and D. Trystram, "Coordination mechanisms for selfish multi-organization scheduling," 2011 18th International Conference on High Performance Computing (HiPC)(HIPC), Bangalore, 2011, pp. 1-9.