2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (2004)
Big Island, Hawaii
Jan. 5, 2004 to Jan. 8, 2004
Jonathan Grudin , Microsoft Research
Software use in many organizations has spread vertically. I present evidence that applications that are widely used in organizations have at least three distinct patterns of use: one for individual contributors, one for managers, and one for executives. Use within each of these groups is shaped by its particular activity and incentive structures. Interaction among group members promotes shared social conventions and feature use. When designing, acquiring, or supporting such an application, the best approach could be to treat it as three distinct applications. The applications discussed include shared calendars, email, application-sharing, shared workspaces, browsers and desktop videoconferencing.
Jonathan Grudin, "Managerial Use and Emerging Norms: Effects of Activity Patterns on Software Design and Deployment", 2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, vol. 01, no. , pp. 10038c, 2004, doi:10.1109/HICSS.2004.1265111