2013 IEEE 54th Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (2011)
Palm Springs, California USA
Oct. 22, 2011 to Oct. 25, 2011
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/FOCS.2011.31
We give a novel algorithm for enumerating lattice points in any convex body, and give applications to several classic lattice problems, including the Shortest and Closest Vector Problems (SVP and CVP, respectively) and Integer Programming (IP). Our enumeration technique relies on a classical concept from asymptotic convex geometry known as the M-ellipsoid, and uses as a crucial subroutine the recent algorithm of Micciancio and Voulgaris (STOC 2010)for lattice problems in the l2 norm. As a main technical contribution, which may be of independent interest, we build on the techniques of Klartag (Geometric and Functional Analysis, 2006) to give an expected 2^O(n)-time algorithm for computing an M-ellipsoid for any n-dimensional convex body. As applications, we give deterministic 2^O(n)-time and -space algorithms for solving exact SVP, and exact CVP when the target point is sufficiently close to the lattice, on n-dimensional lattices in any (semi-)norm given an M-ellipsoid of the unit ball. In many norms of interest, including all lp norms, an M-ellipsoid is computable in deterministic poly(n) time, in which case these algorithms are fully deterministic. Here our approach may be seen as a derandomization of the ââ'¬Å"AKS sieveââ'¬Âfor exact SVP and CVP (Ajtai, Kumar, and Siva Kumar, STOC2001 and CCC 2002). As a further application of our SVP algorithm, we derive an expected O(f*(n))^n-time algorithm for Integer Programming, where f*(n) denotes the optimal bound in the so-called ââ'¬Å"flatnesstheorem, ââ'¬Â which satisfies f*(n) = O(n^(4/3) polylog(n))and is conjectured to be f*(n) = O(n). Our runtime improves upon the previous best of O(n^2)^n by Hildebrand and Koppe(2010).
Shortest/Closest Vector Problem, Integer Programming, Lattice Point Enumeration, M-ellipsoid
Santosh Vempala, Chris Peikert, Daniel Dadush, "Enumerative Lattice Algorithms in any Norm Via M-ellipsoid Coverings", 2013 IEEE 54th Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, vol. 00, no. , pp. 580-589, 2011, doi:10.1109/FOCS.2011.31