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2006 47th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS'06) (2006)
Berkeley, California
Oct. 21, 2006 to Oct. 24, 2006
ISSN: 0272-5428
ISBN: 0-7695-2720-5
pp: 87-98
Valerie King , University of Victoria, Canada
Jared Saia , University of New Mexico, USA
Vishal Sanwalani , University of Waterloo, Canada
Erik Vee , IBM Almaden Research Center, USA
We consider the problems of Byzantine Agreement and Leader Election, where a constant fraction b \le 1/3 of processors are controlled by a malicious adversary. The first problem requires that all uncorrupted processors come to an agreement on a bit initially held by one of the uncorrupted processors; the second requires that the uncorrupted processors choose a leader who is uncorrupted. <p>Motivated by the need for robust and scalable computation in peer-to-peer networks, we design the first scalable protocols for these problems for a network whose degree is polylogarithmic in its size. By scalable, we mean that each uncorrupted processor sends and processes a number of bits that is only polylogarithmic in n. (We assume no limit on the number of messages sent by corrupted processors.) With high probability, our Byzantine Agreement protocol results in agreement among a 1..O(1= ln n) fraction of the uncorrupted processors. With constant probability, our Leader Election protocol elects an uncorrupted leader and ensures that a 1..O(1= ln n) fraction of the uncorrupt processors know this leader.</p> <p>We assume a full information model. Thus, the adversary is assumed to have unlimited computational power and has access to all communications, but does not have access to processors' private random bits.</p>

V. King, J. Saia, V. Sanwalani and E. Vee, "Towards Secure and Scalable Computation in Peer-to-Peer Networks," 2006 47th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS'06)(FOCS), Berkeley, California, 2006, pp. 87-98.
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