45th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (2004)
Oct. 17, 2004 to Oct. 19, 2004
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/FOCS.2004.26
George Karakostas , McMaster University
Stavros G. Kolliopoulos , University of Athens and McMaster University
<p>We examine how the selfish behavior of heterogeneous users in a network can be regulated through economic disincentives, i.e., through the introduction of appropriate taxation. One wants to impose taxes on the edges so that any traffic equalibrium reached by the selfish users who are conscious of both the travel latencies and the taxes will minimize the social cost, i.e., will minimize the total latency. We generalize previous results of Cole, Dodis and Roughgarden that held for a single origin-destination pair to the multicommodity setting.</p> <p>Our approach, which could be of independent interest, is based on the formulation of traffic equilibria as a nonlinear complementarity problem by Aashtiani and Magnanti . We extend this formulation so that each of its solutions will give us a set of taxes that forces the network users to conform, at equilibrium, to a certain prescribed routing. We use the special nature of the prescribed minimum-latency flow in order to reduce the difficult nonlinear complementary formulation to a pair of primal-dual linear programs. LP duality is then enough to derive our results.</p>
S. G. Kolliopoulos and G. Karakostas, "Edge Pricing of Multicommodity Networks for Heterogeneous Selfish Users," 45th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science(FOCS), Rome, Italy, 2004, pp. 268-276.