Proceedings Second International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing (2001)
Dec. 11, 2001 to Dec. 15, 2001
W.R. Stahel , Product Life Inst., Geneva, Switzerland
In the past, business strategies have focused on increasing the efficiency, and later the resource efficiency, of production processes. This has led to a higher competitiveness of industry, and a reduction of the kilograms of resources necessary to produce a kilogram of product. However, these strategies have failed to stop the increases of overall resource consumption, measured in kilograms of resource consumption per capita per annum on a national level, and of overall waste volumes. This paper claims that new corporate strategies focused on sufficiency are needed if we want to achieve a sustainable and competitive economy. In the public sector, new science and technology policies are needed, as well as new public procurement policies. In academia, an awareness of the 'lake economy' - based on the management of existing assets, both natural and man-made - will have to be developed to replace the present theory of a 'river economy' based on free goods (of nature) and the flow optimisation of the manufacturing process.
design for environment, energy conservation
W. Stahel, "Sufficiency strategies for a sustainable and competitive economy reversed and inversed incentives," Proceedings Second International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing(ECODIM), Tokyo, Japan, , pp. 583-589.