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2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) (2017)
Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
July 21, 2017 to July 26, 2017
ISSN: 1063-6919
ISBN: 978-1-5386-0457-1
pp: 2027-2036
Multi-label image classification is a fundamental but challenging task in computer vision. Great progress has been achieved by exploiting semantic relations between labels in recent years. However, conventional approaches are unable to model the underlying spatial relations between labels in multi-label images, because spatial annotations of the labels are generally not provided. In this paper, we propose a unified deep neural network that exploits both semantic and spatial relations between labels with only image-level supervisions. Given a multi-label image, our proposed Spatial Regularization Network (SRN) generates attention maps for all labels and captures the underlying relations between them via learnable convolutions. By aggregating the regularized classification results with original results by a ResNet-101 network, the classification performance can be consistently improved. The whole deep neural network is trained end-to-end with only image-level annotations, thus requires no additional efforts on image annotations. Extensive evaluations on 3 public datasets with different types of labels show that our approach significantly outperforms state-of-the-arts and has strong generalization capability. Analysis of the learned SRN model demonstrates that it can effectively capture both semantic and spatial relations of labels for improving classification performance.
computer vision, convolution, image annotation, image classification, learning (artificial intelligence), neural nets

F. Zhu, H. Li, W. Ouyang, N. Yu and X. Wang, "Learning Spatial Regularization with Image-Level Supervisions for Multi-label Image Classification," 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 2017, pp. 2027-2036.
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