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2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) (2017)
Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
July 21, 2017 to July 26, 2017
ISSN: 1063-6919
ISBN: 978-1-5386-0457-1
pp: 1933-1941
This paper proposes a method for generative learning of hierarchical random field models. The resulting model, which we call the hierarchical sparse FRAME (Filters, Random field, And Maximum Entropy) model, is a generalization of the original sparse FRAME model by decomposing it into multiple parts that are allowed to shift their locations, scales and rotations, so that the resulting model becomes a hierarchical deformable template. The model can be trained by an EM-type algorithm that alternates the following two steps: (1) Inference: Given the current model, we match it to each training image by inferring the unknown locations, scales, and rotations of the object and its parts by recursive sum-max maps, and (2) Re-learning: Given the inferred geometric configurations of the objects and their parts, we re-learn the model parameters by maximum likelihood estimation via stochastic gradient algorithm. Experiments show that the proposed method is capable of learning meaningful and interpretable templates that can be used for object detection, classification and clustering.
gradient methods, learning (artificial intelligence), maximum entropy methods, maximum likelihood estimation, random processes

J. Xie, Y. Xu, E. Nijkamp, Y. N. Wu and S. Zhu, "Generative Hierarchical Learning of Sparse FRAME Models," 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 2018, pp. 1933-1941.
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