The Community for Technology Leaders
2014 IEEE 27th Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF) (2014)
Vienna, Austria
July 19, 2014 to July 22, 2014
ISSN: 1063-6900
ISBN: 978-1-4799-4290-9
pp: 169-183
Chris Culnane , Dept. of Comput., Univ. of Surrey, Guildford, UK
Steve Schneider , Dept. of Comput., Univ. of Surrey, Guildford, UK
ABSTRACT
The Secure Web Bulletin Board (WBB) is a key component of verifiable election systems. However, there is very little in the literature on their specification, design and implementation, and there are no formally analysed designs. The WBB is used in the context of election verification to publish evidence of voting and tallying that voters and officials can check, and where challenges can be launched in the event of malfeasance. In practice, the election authority has responsibility for implementing the web bulletin board correctly and reliably, and will wish to ensure that it behaves correctly even in the presence of failures and attacks. To ensure robustness, an implementation will typically use a number of peers to be able to provide a correct service even when some peers go down or behave dishonestly. In this paper we propose a new protocol to implement such a Web Bulletin Board, motivated by the needs of the vVote verifiable voting system. Using a distributed algorithm increases the complexity of the protocol and requires careful reasoning in order to establish correctness. Here we use the Event-B modelling and refinement approach to establish correctness of the peered design against an idealised specification of the bulletin board behaviour. In particular we have shown that for n peers, a threshold of t > 2n/3 peers behaving correctly is sufficient to ensure correct behaviour of the bulletin board distributed design. The algorithm also behaves correctly even if honest or dishonest peers temporarily drop out of the protocol and then return. The verification approach also establishes that the protocols used within the bulletin board do not interfere with each other. This is the first time a peered secure web bulletin board suite of protocols has been formally verified.
INDEX TERMS
Protocols, Nominations and elections, Databases, Robustness, Publishing, Context, Cryptography
CITATION

C. Culnane and S. Schneider, "A Peered Bulletin Board for Robust Use in Verifiable Voting Systems," 2014 IEEE 27th Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF), Vienna, Austria, 2014, pp. 169-183.
doi:10.1109/CSF.2014.20
196 ms
(Ver 3.3 (11022016))