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2014 10th International Conference on Network and Service Management (CNSM) (2014)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Nov. 17, 2014 to Nov. 21, 2014
ISBN: 978-3-901882-67-8
pp: 1-9
Pedro Casas , FTW - Telecommunications Research Center Vienna, Austria
Alessandro D'Alconzo , FTW - Telecommunications Research Center Vienna, Austria
Pierdomenico Fiadino , FTW - Telecommunications Research Center Vienna, Austria
Arian Bar , FTW - Telecommunications Research Center Vienna, Austria
Alessandro Finamore , Politecnico di Torino, Italy
ABSTRACT
YouTube is the most popular service in today's Internet. Google relies on its massive Content Delivery Network (CDN) to push YouTube videos as close as possible to the end-users to improve their Quality of Experience (QoE), using dynamic server selection strategies. Such traffic delivery policies can have a relevant impact on the traffic routed through the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) providing the access, but most importantly, they can have negative effects on the end-user QoE. In this paper we shed light on the problem of diagnosing QoE-based performance degradation events in YouTube's traffic. Through the analysis of one month of YouTube flow traces collected at the network of a large European ISP, we particularly identify and drill down a Google's CDN server selection policy negatively impacting the watching experience of YouTube users during several days at peak-load times. The analysis combines both the user-side perspective and the CDN perspective of the end-to-end YouTube delivery service to diagnose the problem. The main contributions of the paper are threefold: firstly, we provide a large-scale characterization of the YouTube service in terms of traffic characteristics and provisioning behavior of the Google CDN servers. Secondly, we introduce simple yet effective QoE-based KPIs to monitor YouTube videos from the end-user perspective. Finally and most important, we analyze and provide evidence of the occurrence of QoE-based YouTube anomalies induced by CDN server selection policies, which are somehow normally hidden from the common knowledge of the end-user. This is a main issue for ISPs, who see their reputation degrade when such events occur, even if Google is the culprit.
INDEX TERMS
YouTube, Servers, Videos, Google, Degradation, IP networks, Monitoring
CITATION

P. Casas, A. D'Alconzo, P. Fiadino, A. Bar and A. Finamore, "On the analysis of QoE-based performance degradation in YouTube traffic," 2014 10th International Conference on Network and Service Management (CNSM), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2014, pp. 1-9.
doi:10.1109/CNSM.2014.7014135
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