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2014 IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT) (2014)
Xi'an, China
Sept. 11, 2014 to Sept. 13, 2014
ISBN: 978-1-4799-6239-6
pp: 539-546
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we investigate the use of Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) to enhance the performance of filter expressions in Semantic Web databases. The filter operator is a central part of query evaluation. Its main objective is to reduce the amount of data as early as possible in order to reduce the calculation costs for succeeding and more complex operators such as join operators. Due to the proximity to the data source it is essential for the overall query performance that the filter operator is able to evaluate single data items as fast as possible. In this work, the advantages of using FPGAs in query evaluation are outlined and an overview about the provided degree of parallelism is given. We propose two different approaches to implement the filter operator for the Semantic Web database LUPOSDATE. The Fully-Parallel Filter evaluates all conditions by dividing the input into several sub-items which are evaluated by dedicated sub-filters in parallel. The second approach creates a pipeline of sub-filters to evaluate the filter expression step-by-step. If an item reaches the end of this pipeline then it complies the whole filter expression. The final evaluation shows that both approaches of the hardware-implemented filter operator defeat the comparable software solution written in C running at 2.66 GHz. Processing 100M items per second, the hardware-accelerated filter running at 200 MHz provides a more than 5 times higher throughput than the general-purpose CPU. In contrast to the software solution, the total throughput is independent of the match rate and the structure of the filter expression, and is a valuable contribution to the hardware-accelerated query evaluation.
INDEX TERMS
Field programmable gate arrays, Arrays, Parallel processing, Databases, Pipelines, Semantic Web, Vectors,Field Programmable Gate Arrays, Database Systems, Query Processing, Semantic Web
CITATION
Stefan Werner, Dennis Heinrich, Marc Stelzner, Sven Groppe, Rico Backasch, Thilo Pionteck, "Parallel and Pipelined Filter Operator for Hardware-Accelerated Operator Graphs in Semantic Web Databases", 2014 IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT), vol. 00, no. , pp. 539-546, 2014, doi:10.1109/CIT.2014.162
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